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Models of Human Occupation

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on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of Models of Human Occupation

Models of Human Occupation
Resources to apply MOHO in practice and research
The resources (e.g., case examples, manuals, articles, documented programs) for applying this model are extensive. More than 20 assessments have been developed for use with this model. Its application in practice is widely documented in articles, manuals, and book chapters.
Why is the model Unique
MOHO Focuses on motivation-internal person factors. There is more emphasis on the subjective experience of performance.
MOHO is the most evidence-based model of practice in Occupational therapy.
There is evidence that MOHO is the most widely used occupation-based model in the United States and internationally.
What is MOHO
MOHO is an occupation-focused framework that aims to explain aspects of engaging in occupations and how illness and disability related problems arise
Dr. Gary Kielhofner
First published in 1980, the model of human occupation (MOHO) grew out of Dr. Gary Kielhofner's master's thesis and practice in the mid-1970s. While Dr. Kielhofner has remained the primary person working on MOHO, it has always been the result of collaborative efforts.
Introduction to MOHO A National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) study of U.S. entry level practitioners asked respondents to indicate their top three frames of reference. The Model of Human Occupation was identified by 11 percent of practitioners.
According to the NBCOT report, it was the occupation-based model most frequently used by practitioners and its use is comparable to that of other major occupational therapy models [e.g., biomechanical (17%), neurodevelopmental (14%) sensory integration (13%)].
The Model of Human Occupation views occupational performance in terms of:
Volition
Habituation
Performance
Environment
Theorists:

• Gary Kielhofner
had a background in philosophy and theology as well as an interest in psychology, which led him to be intrigued with what was going on during occupational therapy. This led him to pursue a professional education in OT. He saw the importance in being able to relate what he learned into practice. Based on these experiences he with the help of:

Janice Burke
and
Cindy Igi Heard.

Kristy Forsyth
continued on with Gary’s work. She had studied under him and knew his vision for OT

Jessica Nieves,OTAS
Rachel Steabner,OTAS
Maria Herrera, OTAS
Occupation in practice
The motivation for occupation
The patterning of occupational behaviour/ performance into routines and lifestyles
The nature of skilled performance
The influence of the environment on occupational performance
Focus of MOHO
Model of Human Occupation Theory and Application. (2014). Retrieved November 15, 2014 from the World Wide Web: http://www.cade.uic.edu/moho/resources/about.aspx

Model of Human Occupation Theory and Application (2014) Retrieved 11/16/2014, from University of Illinois Board of Trustees on the world Wide Web: http://www.cade.uic.edu/moho/resources/about.aspx
O’ Brien, J. Hussey, S. (2011) Introduction to Occupational Therapy 4th Edition. St. Louis, MI: Elsevier.





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