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The 7 dimensions of Sikhism
Transcript of The 7 dimensions of Sikhism
• The origins of Sikhism lie in the teachings of Guru Nanak and his successors.
• It was founded in India and Pakistan in 1496 AD by Guru Nanak.
• Guru Nanak's teachings are summed up in the words "Realization of Truth is higher than all else. Higher still is truthful living".
• Use of statues and images is forbidden as they are considered idolatry.
• A Gurdwara is place of worship of Sikhs, however all people of faith are welcome.
• Sacred ceremonies and mass are performed in a Gurdwara.
• Daily prayers focusing on the three pillars of Sikhism:
• Naam Japo (Contemplating God's names)
• Kirat Karo (Living life with honestly and integrity)
• Vand Chhako (Sharing what you have with those less fortunate)
• Sikhs strongly reject the Caste System.
• The eleven Sikh Gurus had always pushed for equality for all and made every attempt to eliminate the caste system.
• All people are treated the same despite their faith, caste, or skin color.
• Sikhs Guru have always marked the importance in using self-discipline to to replace greed and anger with humbleness and forgiveness.
• The Five Virtues that one should practice to reach Mukti or reunite with God :
• Sat (Truth)
• Daya (Compassion)
• Santokh (Contentment)
• Nimrata (Humility)
• Pyar (Love)
• Every person experiences a cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.
• Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life.
• Each soul has to travel a number of these through the cycle of reincarnation.
Sikhism originated in the Punjab region in Pakistan and India.
• The Five Thieves or major weaknesses of the human personality that threaten a spiritual path.
• Kaam (Lust)
• Krodh (Anger)
• Lobh (Greed)
• Moh (Attachment)
• Ahankar (Ego, Pride)
• Enlightenment is considered to be a state of realization of one’s divine inner connection with the creator and all of creation.
• When enlightenment is finally reached, the person meets Waheguru, the Sikh God.
• Guru Nanak was the first Sikh Guru and became Waheguru, the Sikh God.
• Guru Nanak was reborn as 10 further guru successors from 1469 to 1708.
• Offshoot religions of Sikhism
• Belief in Jagjit Singh as their living Guru.
• Strict vegetarians along with other strict beliefs
• Sikh Daharma
• Mixes Orthodox Sikhism with New Age values.
Three Pillars of Sikhism
The Five Virtues and The Five Thieves of Sikhism
The Eleven Sikh Gurus
What is Sikhism?
• Sikhism is a monotheistic religion.
• Focus on devotion to God, truthful living, and social justice.
• It is now the fifth largest religion in the world with over 30 million followers.
What is Sikhism?
• The word 'Sikh' means disciple in the Punjabi language.
• Sikhs are disciples of God who follow the teachings of the eleven Sikh Gurus.
Sikhism in Toronto
• 2.9% or around 150,000 people in Toronto are Sikhs.
• Every year in April 28, Toronto hosts the annual Sikh Khalsa Day parade, the third-largest parade in Toronto. Sikhs celebrate with music, hymns, prayer, and foods.
Sikh Gurdwara in
Toronto Khalsa Day Parade
• Men are to wear a turban.
• Women are permitted to wear a turban or scarves once baptized.
• A Kirpan is a ceremonial dagger carried by baptized sikhs.
The Golden Temple, the most famous Gurdwara.
The 7 Dimensions
Experiential, Mythic, Doctrinal, Ethical, Social, Ritual, and Material
By Santiago Moreno