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zainab shamsi

on 5 October 2016

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Transcript of Australia

Australia is located directly below South Korea and Japan. Australia is south of the equator and its coordinates are 2700 South and 133 00 East.

Australia is 7.692 million square kilometres, and it is the sixth largest country, after Russia, Canada, China, USA, and Brazil. Australia is 5% of the world 's land. It is 50% bigger than Europe and 32 times bigger than the United Kingdom. It is the flattest and driest of the continents. The highest point on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko, New South Wales, at 2,228 metres above sea level. The lowest point is the dry bed of Lake Eyre, South Australia, which is 15 metres below sea level.
Based on the most recent census of 2013, the population of Australia was 23,344,735. That is 0.33% of the world 's population. This census was taken in December 7, 2013.
Australia exports coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, machinery and transport equipment.
Australia imports machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products.
Australia manufactures and exports machinery and transport equipment.
Australia 's agriculture is very big. Live stock is a major part of the agricultural industry. Beef cattle is a thriving industry, so are sheep for meat ("fat lambs") and wool. Dairy, cattle, pigs, and poultry are also important in Australia's agriculture.


Australian spirit
Top 10 places to see:
1) The Great Ocean Road (Victoria): The great ocean road is supposed to be the best scenic drive in the whole world! It is a day drive but it is totally worth it. On the way you will see many rainforests, cliffs, beaches,and some kangaroos if you are lucky! Best of all, there is an enormous beach about halfway through the drive in which you can go and swim in! Isn't that great?!
2) The Grampians National Park (Victoria):
Australia is one of the worlds famous tourist places because of its variety of topography (The arrangement of the natural structures of an area). Below are the top 10 places to see in Australia:

Located 175 kms north of Warrnambool (the official end of the Great Ocean Road) is the Grampians National Park and the township of Halls Gap. The park is 1,672 km² in size and is home to amazing hikes, low-angled sandstone ridges, and has one of the most native rocks in south-eastern Australia.

3) Sydney (New South Whales): Australians will probably disagree with this because they think that Australia has many better attractions, but Sydney is definitely a place to see. It has many well know attractions such as the Harbour Bridge, the Opera House, and beaches. Sydney also has the Taronga Zoo. There are festivals on all year long which makes it a lively place with a lot of vibrant colours.
4) Byron Bay (New South Wales): Located just south of the Queensland border, Byron Bay is a very popular tourist attraction not just with international tourists, but with Australians as well. The lighthouse is amazing at sunset (and it is the most easterly part of mainland Australia). There are a range of festivals over the year that attract international and local musicians.
Australian Money$
5) Fraser Island (Queensland): Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world. With over 120 kilometres of pristine (having its natural beauty) beaches it is easy to understand why thousands of people visit it each month.The most popular way to get around the island is by hiring a personal driver for 2-3 days and exploring the beach.
6) Great Barrier Reef (Queensland):This attraction, along with Uluru and the Sydney Opera House, is perhaps one of the most known by everyone . Measuring approximately 2,300 kilometres, it is home to rare, endangered, and unique animal and plant species. It is hard to pick one particular area of the reef to visit, but most of the people agree that the Whitsunday Islands are absolutely stunning, and recommend taking a 2-3 day sailing trip/tour around the area. With snorkeling and scuba diving areas literally everywhere, The Great Barrier Reef should definitely not be missed! (I have always wanted to go there!)
7) Daintree Rainforest (Queensland): It is Australia's largest rainforest, about 30% of Australia's reptile, marsupial and frog species, 65% of the country's bat and butterfly species, and 20% of Australia's native bird species can be found within the Daintree. And let us not forget it is also home to a prehistoric bird, the Cassowary! With so many things to see and do, including crocodile boat tours, visiting one of several animal sanctuaries, going on a mangrove adventure tour, hikes, local tours/history, it is easy to see why it is such a popular destination with tourists and nature lovers!
8) Kakadu National Park (The Northern Territory): Kakadu national park covers nearly 20,000 km² and includes the traditional lands of several native tribes. With over 5,000 rock painting sites, this area was particularly sacred to the traditional landowners. With amazing, rare and endangered animals and plants, the deadly salt water crocodile, and many other natural attractions, this park will leave you breathless and in awe of both its history,and its unique animals and plants.
9)Uluru(The Northen Territory): If you ever visit Australia you must see Uluru. Many people have said that they didn't want to come all the way just to see a rock but later changed their mind when they saw the spectacular view and went on the guided tour from Adelaide.
10) Freycinet National Park / Wineglass Bay (Tasmania): This is home to a number of bays which provide beautiful swimming beaches, snorkeling, scuba diving areas, rock pools, and many other attractions. There are many hiking trails, guided ranger activities, camping areas, an outdoor theater, scenic drives, and many other activities to keep you busy for days. This is a great place for children.

Australia isn’t just home to hot weather. Across eight states and territories and nearly 7.7 million square kilometres, the climate in Australia varies . While some enjoy the warm sunshine at the beach, others have to bare the cold in the mountains, while others still experience the dry desert heat up north.
Language: There are many different languages spoken in Australia. Majoriity of the population speaks English (76.8%). Other languages spoken include Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Greek 1.2% and other 22%.
Food: Australia 's best known foods are:
Damper-This is like soda bread made of a wheat flour base, traditionally baked in the coals of a campfire. Damper is a traditional Australian dish.
ANZAC Biscuits- Anzac biscuits are sweet biscuits popular in Australia and New Zealand. It is made by using rolled oats, flour, desiccated coconut, sugar, butter, golden syrup, baking soda and boiling water. ...
Aussie Style Hamburgers- Are an Australian specialty
Meat Pie-An Australian meat pie is a hand-sized meat pie made up of largely diced or minced meat and gravy, sometimes with onion, mushrooms, or cheese and often eaten as a snack. The pie itself is similar to the United Kingdom's steak pie.
Rissole- A Rissole is like a small chicken nugget enclosed in pastry or rolled in breadcrumbs, usually baked or deep fried. It is filled with sweet or savory ingredients, most often minced meat or fish, and is served as a main course, dessert or side dish. (It looks like a spring roll.)
Pikelets-Are basically big fluffy pancakes made up of flour,yeast, eggs,milk, and oil.
Pavlova is a meringue based dessert named after the Russian ballet dancer, Anna Pavlova. The dessert has a crisp crust and a soft light inside The dessert is believed to have been created in honour of the dancer either during or after one of her tours to Australia and New Zealand in the 1920s. .The dessert is a popular dish and an important part of the national cuisine of both countries, and with its simple recipe, is frequently served during holiday meals and parties.It is eaten all year round in many Australian and New Zealand homes
A Lamington is Australian dessert. It consists of squares of sponge cake coated first in a layer of chocolate sauce, shredded coconut. Lamingtons are sometimes served as two halves with a layer of cream or strawberry jam between, and are commonly found in South African and Australian outlets such as cafes, lunch bars, bakeries, home industries and supermarkets. A raspberry variety is also common in New Zealand, while a lemon variety has been heard of in Australia.The chocolate coating is a thin mixture, into which cubes of sponge cake are dipped, and the chocolate is absorbed into the outermost layers of the sponge where it sets. (Similarly, the strawberry jam or chocolate icing is absorbed into the sponge.) The cubes are then covered with coconut and left to set.


There are a number of professional sport leagues in Australia, including the Australian Football League, National Rugby League, Super Rugby (rugby union), the A-League and W-League (soccer), ANZ Championship (netball), the National Basketball League, the Women's National Basketball League and the Australian Baseball League. Sports that are played most often in Australia are cricket, horse racing, and Australian football.

New Year's Day, Australia Day - January 26th [(Anzac Day)which is a national day of remembrance in Australia], April 25th, (Easter), Queen's Birthday, Labor Day (the states celebrate it on different dates), Christmas Day, and Boxing Day.
Other Interesting Facts:
-The largest Greek population in the world outside Athens, Greece can be found in Melbourne, Victoria.
-Australia was the second country in the world to give women the right to vote in 1902.
-Kangaroo meat can be purchased from the supermarket, butcher and available on restaurant menus.
-Approximately 1.35 trillion bottles of wine are produced by Australia.

-Ugg boots or as local call them 'very ugly boots' are an Australian design where a sheepskin has been turned inside out and made into a boot.
-Canberra was selected as the capital because Sydney and Melbourne could not stop arguing which city should be the capital of Australia
Famous People
1) Steve Irwin (The best person ever!! And my hero!): Steve Irwin was born in Melbourne, Australia, on February 22, 1962, Steve Irwin grew up on a wildlife park owned by his parents and went on to become an animal enthusiast and TV personality, hosting the popular series Crocodile Hunter and appearing on major talk shows Steve inspired many people with his amazing animal tales.
2) Cody Simpson: Cody Robert Simpson was born in Gold Coast, Queensland to parents, Angie and Brad Simpson, on 11 January, 1997( Mia's birthday). Simpson began to record songs in his bedroom during the summer of 2009 on YouTube, performing "I'm Yours" by Jason Mraz, "Cry Me a River" and "Señorita" by Justin Timberlake, "I Want You Back" by the Jackson, and his own songs, "One" and "Perfect". He was subsequently discovered, on YouTube, by Shawn Campbell, a Grammy-nominated record producer.
3) Adam Gilchirst: Adam Craig Gilchrist was born on November 14, 1971, in Bellingen, New South Wales, Australia. He did his schooling from Deniliquin Public School and Kadina High School. From an early age, his parents Stan and June Gilchrist always encouraged him to play cricket. During his school days, he actively played cricket and wanted to be a fast bowler. However, he was fascinated by the wicketkeeping gloves and went on to become one of the finest wicketkeepers in international cricket.

Australia currency is also called dollars.
In short, Canada and Australia are strong trading partners. In fact, in 2010 Canada’s trade with Australia totaled $3.4 billion, consisting of $1.8 billion in Canadian exports to and $1.6 billion in imports from Australia. Australia was Canada’s 16th largest export partner in 2010 and the 31st largest source of imports. Australia has long been Canada’s largest trading partner in Oceania, a region that includes 25 countries. Besides trading partners, Canada and Australia share a common heritage as they are both part of the Common Wealth.



























































Although this is not part of the top 10 tourist attractions I just wanted to add it:
11) The Australian Zoo: For those of you who didn't know the Austraian Zoo was opened by Bob and Lyn Irwin on the 3rd of June 1970 under the name Beerwah Reptile Park. Their son Steve (Steve Irwin), had helped his parents since childhood to care for crocodiles and reptiles and to maintain the growing number of animals in the zoo. In 1982 the park was renamed to the Queensland Reptile and Fauna Park and the zoo then belonged to Steve and Terri. Steve and Terri changed the name of their now growing wildlife park to Australia Zoo. The Australia zoo is home to thousands of different animal species that you have probably never seen or heard of.
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