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How Cathedrals Were Built In The Middle Ages

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Emily Sperling

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of How Cathedrals Were Built In The Middle Ages

Planning to build a cathedral
Tools Used
The Crafts Men
Architecture
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/physics/arch-physics.html

How Cathedrals Were Built In The Middle Ages
Cathedrals were massive buildings built for religious worship. They also showed the power of the Roman Catholic church. The cathedrals also caused rivalries between city.
Cathedrals took a long time to build. Some took over 100 years. They were built with the Bible in mind. Numbers and shape that were used to construct them came from the Bible.
Flying buttress
Stained glass
Arches
Stone carvings
Size











The cathedral of Notre Dame is
shaped like Solomon's temple.
60 units tall
They used royal feet.
Amiens
50 units
144 units tall was thought to be
the height of the Kingdom of God
Squirrel Cage
This invention allowed workers to lift the heavy stone to the heights that they needed for construction.
There were master quarrymen, plasterers, mortar-makers, stone cutters and masons. Then there were the men that were common laborers. Most of the men worked on the buildings because the church told them that if they helped build the cathedrals, their sins would be forgiven. Most were also paid. Many workers were needed because the cathedrals were so large and there was so much tho do.
http://www.canterbury-cathedral.org/visit/tour/
Cathedrals are a symbol of the time period that they were built and the people that built them. They are still marveled at today as achievements of architecture and technology of their time.
Iron Tip Tools
These tools allowed the workers to cut and shape the stone to build the cathedrals. If the stones were not perfect, the building would fall. The mortar helped hold the stone together but what holds most of it together is the shape of the stone and gravity.
Sources
Salpietra, M. (2012, October 10). Physics of Stone Arches. PBS. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/physics/arch-physics.html








virtual tour. (n.d.). Virtual Tour. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from http://www.canterbury-cathedral.org/visit/tour/






Building the Great Cathedrals. (n.d.). PBS. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/building-gothic-cathedrals.html






Building a Medieval Cathedral. (n.d.). Building a Medieval Cathedral. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/building
Full transcript