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The Hunger Games

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Maria Capalbo

on 4 July 2013

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Transcript of The Hunger Games

The Hunger Games is a dystopian novel
written by Suzanne Collins.
It was originally published on September 14, 2008.
The book is the first in The Hunger Games trilogy,
followed by Catching Fire, then Mockingjay.
Suzanne Collins was born on August 10, 1962 in Hartford, Connecticut.
She is the daughter of a U.S. Air Force officer who served in the Vietnam War.
Her career began in 1991 as a writer for children's television shows. She worked on several television shows for Nickelodeon (Clarissa Explains It All).
Between 2003 and 2007 she wrote the five books of the Underland Chronicles: Gregor the Overlander, Gregor and the Prophecy of Bane, Gregor and the Curse of the Warmbloods, Gregor and the Marks of Secret, and Gregor and the Code of Claw.
In September 2008, Scholastic Press released The Hunger Games, the first book of a trilogy by Collins.
The Hunger Games was partly inspired by the Greek myth of Theseus and the Minotaur. Another inspiration was her father's career in the Air Force, which allowed her to have better understanding of poverty, starvation, and the effects of war.
context of production
fictional world
reception
"The Hunger Games" takes place in a country known as Panem.
It´s ruled by the Capitol city, and it consists of 12 Districts.

"...Panem, the country that rose up out of the ashes of a place that was once called North America..."

"...then came the Dark Days, the uprising of the districts against the Capitol. Twelve were defeated, the thirteenth obliterated."

"... as our yearly reminder that the Dark Days must never be repeated, it gave us the Hunger Games." (p18)

Katniss lives in District 12, nicknamed the Seam
(region once known as Appalachia). (p4,41)
intertextuality
structuralism
semiotics
narratology
power relations
gender studies
bibliography

GENDER
Social and cultural constructions of
masculinity and femininity


SEX
The state of being male or female

LINEAR PLOT
AUTHOR
VS

NARRATOR
"When I wake up, the other side of the bed is cold. My fingers strech out, seeking Prim´s warmth but finding only the rough canvas cover of the mattress. She must have had bad dreams and climbed in with our mother. Of course, she did. This is the day of the reaping."
"Through the window, I can see the platform´s thick with cameras. Everyone will be eagerly watching our homecoming. Out of the corner of my eye, I see Peeta extend his hand.(...) I take his hand, holding on tightly, preparing for the cameras, and dreading the moment when I will finally have to let go."
NARRATIVE TECHNIQUES
"A warning bell goes off in my head.
Don´t be so stupid, Peeta is planning how to kill you,
I remind myself.
He is luring you in to make you easy prey. The more likable he is, the more deadly he is.
" (p72)
Internal Focalizer
KATNISS
EVERDEEN
analepsis (flashbacks)
prolepsis (flashforward)
* Peeta Mellark is chosen as a tribute. Katniss remembers: "Our only real interaction happened years ago. He´s probably forgotten it. But I haven´t..." (p26)

* Katniss is in her room (train): "...the packet of cookies hits the ground and burst open in a patch of dandelions by the track. I only see the image for a moment, because the train is off again, but it´s enough. Enough to remind me of that other dandelion in the school yard years ago..." (p49)

* It´s a sunday morning. Katniss wonders if Gale is in the woods, and starts to remember the day she met him: "I had been struggling along on my own for about six months when I first ran into Gale in the woods. It was a sunday in October..." (p109)

* Peeta asks Katniss to tell him about the happiest day she remembered. She tells him how she got Prim´s goat, but carefully, as she knew they were being broadcast. Then there is the actual narration from her point of view: "Here´s the real story of how I got the money for Prim´s goat, Lady. It was a Friday evening, the day before Prim´s 10th birthday in late May..." (p268)
abundance
vs
deprivation
freedom of thought
vs
mediatic manipulation
privacy
vs
state control
capitol
vs
district
"-District 12. Where you can starve to death in safety-, I mutter. Then I glance quickly over my shoulder. Even here, even in the middle of nowhere,
you worry someone might overhear you
. When I was younger, I scared my mother to death, the things I would
blurt out about D12,
about the people who rule our country, Panem, from the far-off city called the Capitol. Eventually I understood this would only
lead us
to
more trouble.
So I learned to
hold my tongue
and to turn my features into an indifferent mask so that no one could ever
read my thoughts
..." (p6)

"We have so
little communication
with anyone outside our district. In fact, I wonder if the
Gamemakers
are
blocking
out our conversation, because even though the information seems harmless,
they

don´t want
people in different districts
to know about one another.
" (p203)
The United States presidential election of 2008:
It was held on Tuesday, November 4, 2008.
Democrat Barack Obama, then the junior Senator from Illinois, defeated Republican John McCain, the senior Senator from Arizona.
As the campaign progressed, the War in Iraq and outgoing Republican President George W. Bush had become increasingly unpopular.
Obama would go on to win a decisive victory over McCain in both the electoral and popular vote.
This was the first U.S. presidential election in which an African American was elected.
Reality television
Michel Foucault
(1926-1984)
*He was interested in the adminitistrative systems and social services (18th century, Europe), such as prisons, schools, mental hospitals; and how through
SYSTEMS OF SURVEILLANCE
people learned to discipline themselves and behave in expected ways (violence or force -not required).
*
POWER
is everywhere and it comes from everywhere.
Invisible; untouchable; in a constant flux.
It is not just negative, coercive or repressive; it can be productive, positive and even necessary.
It manifests through GAZE, DISCOURSE, ARCHITECTURE
*
DISCOURSE
:
KNOWLEDGE
-
LANGUAGE
-
POWER
. It creates Identity; it defines reality.

Louis Pierre Althusser
(1918-1990)
*
INTERPELLATION
as a process by which ideology addresses the individual. To illustrate how interpellation functions in the context of ideology Althousser used the example of the policeman who shouts "Hey, you there!" At least one individual will turn around (most likely the right one) to "answer" that call. When one realizes that the call is for oneself, one becomes a subject relative to the ideology of law and crime.

* "We (...) focus our attention on the temporary stage that is set up before the
Justice Building
. It holds three chairs, a
podium
, and two large
glass balls
, one for the boys and one for the girls." (p17)

*"On the
buildings that surround the Circle
, every window is packed with the most
prestigious citizens of the Capitol
. Our horses pull our chariot right up to
President Snow´s mansion
... The president gives the official welcome from a
balcony above us.
" (p71)

* "The gamemakers appeared early on the first day. Twenty or so men and women dressed in deep purple robes. They sit in the
elevated stands that surround the gymnasium
, sometimes wandering about to
watch us
, jotting down notes, other times eating at the endless banquet that has been set for them, ignoring the lot of us." (p97)

*" An
elevated seating unit
has been set up for
prestigious guests
. (...) A large
balcony
off a building to the right has been reserved for the Gamemakers.
Television
crews have claimed most of the other balconies. (...) every tv set is turned on.
Every citizen of Panem
is tuned in. There will be
no blackouts
tonight." (p124)


Effie Trinket:
"
Happy
Hunger Games! And may the odds be ever in your favor!" (p21)

"Well, bravo! That´s the
spirit
of the Games"; "I bet my buttons that was your sister. Don´t want her to steal all the
glory
,
do we? Come on, everybody! let´s give a big round of applause to our newest tribute!" (p23)
CANNON
(p152)
"I begin to hear the cannons. Each shot represents a
dead tribute
."

TRUMPETS
(p244)
"I hear the trumpets and sit straight up in anticipation. (...) occasionally, there will be trumpets followed by an
announcement
."
* Peeta Mellark is talking to Katniss: "you know what my mother said to me when she came to say goodbye, as if to cheer me up, she says maybe D12 will finally have a winner. Then I realized, she didn´t mean me, she meant you!" (p90)

* After Rue´s death, Katniss feels confident: "I really think I stand a chance of doing it now. Winning. (...) Now I am determined to avenge her, to make her loss unforgettable, and I can only do that by winning and thereby making myself unforgettable." (p242)

*"I allow myself to trully think about the possibility that I might make it home. To fame. To wealth. To my own house in the Victor´s Village." (p310)

*The games are over. Katniss worries about a possible punishment from the Capitol. "And right now, the most dangerous part of the HG is about to begin." (p359)
outside the text
"The
reaping system
is
unfair
, with the
poor
getting
the worst
of it. You become
eligible
for the reaping the day
you turn
twelve
. That year, your name is entered once. At thirteen, twice. And so on and so on until you reach
the age of 18, the final year of eligibility, when your name goes into the pool seven times. That´s true for
every citizen in all twelve districts
in the entire country of Panem.
But here´s the
catch
. Say you are
poor and starving
as
we
were. You can opt to add your name more times in
exchange for tesserae
. Each tessera is worth a meager year´s supply of grain and oil for one person. (...)
the
rules
were set up by the
Capitol
, not the districts. (...)
the tesserae are just another tool to cause misery in our district. A way to
plant hatred
between the
starving
workers
and
those who can generally count on supper
and thereby ensure
we will never trust one another.

It´s to the
Capitol´s advantage
to have
us divided among ourselves
." (p13,14)
"At one o´clock, we head for the square. Attendance is
mandatory
unless you are on death´s door. This
evening,
officials
will come around and check to see if this is the case. If not, you´ll be
imprisoned
." (p16)

*Katniss
volunteers
as a
tribute
, after Prim gets selected for the
Hunger Games
(p22)

*Katniss is sent to the Remake Center before the interviews. (p61) Haymitch had advised her: "
Don´t resist
"

*Tributes are shown pictures of the dead ones every night.

*Rules of the games: last minute changes. (p244,342,344)
*"The
Treaty of Treason
(the crime of showing no loyalty to your country, especially by trying to defeat its government)
gave us the new
laws
to
guarantee peace
and, as our yearly
reminder
that the
Dark Days must never be repeated
, it gave us the Hunger Games.
The rules of the HG are simple. In
punishment
for the uprising, each of the twelve districts must provide one girl and one boy, called
tributes
, to participate." (p18)

*"Electricity in D12 comes and goes (...) the only time you can count on it is when they are airing the Games or some important
government message
on
television
that it´s
mandatory to watch
." (p80)
http://greece.mrdonn.org/theseus.html
"
Taking the kids from our districts
, forcing them to kill one another while we watch, this is the
capitol´s way
of
reminding
us how
totally

we are at their mercy
. How little chance we would stand of surviving another rebellion. Whatever words they use, the real message is clear: Look how
we take your children
and
sacrifice
them and there´s nothing you can do. If you lift a finger, we will destroy every last one of you. Just as we did in District Thirteen." (p19)
Education:
"Besides basic reading and math most of our instuction is coal-related. Except for the weekly
lecture
on the history of Panem. It´s mostly a lot of blather about what
we owe the Capitol
. I know there must be more than they´re telling us, an actual account of what happened during the
rebellion
. But I don´t spend much time thinking about it.
Whatever the
truth
is, I don´t see how it will help me get food on the table
." (p41)

*"(...)with an important event like the feast,
school
will probably be
canceled
" (p280)
"My room feels like a
prison cell
. (...) It´s not only unlocked but ajar. Perhaps someone forgot to close ir, but it doesn´t matter. The
energy field
enclosing the roof
prevents any desperate form of escape
." (p140)

*"my own bedroom door has been
locked
from the outside... I´ve been unable to escape since the HG began, but this feels different, much more personal. This feels like I´ve been i
mprisoned for a crime and I´m awaiting sentencing
. "
"I can´t shake the
felling
that I´m
being watched constantly
" (p366)
"This is just your
tracker
, Katniss" (woman in a white coat carrying a syringe).
"Now the
Gamemakers
will always be able to
trace
my whereabouts in the arena.
Wouldn´t want to lose a tribute
." (p144)
identity
vs
loss of self
rebellion
vs
submission
humanitarism
vs
selfishness
capitol citizen
vs
tribute
civilization
vs
barbarism
Buenos Aires, Argentina

2013
Stanley Fish
(1938-) begins by examining the relation between a reader and a text, arguing against the formalist belief that the text alone is the basic, knowable, neutral, and unchanging component of literary experience. Each reader approaches a literary work not as an isolated individual but as part of a community of readers. He writes, “it is
interpretive communities
, rather than either the text or reader, that produce meanings.”
Reader's interpretive perceptions are
socially constructed
; they depend heavily on the assumptions shared by the social group or groups to which the reader belongs. Interpretive communities adopt particular kinds of reading strategies which will determine the entire reading process, the stylistic peculiarities of a literary text as well as the experience of assimilating them.

The Iraq War
-the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom claimed that Iraq's alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) posed a threat to their security and that of their coalition/regional allies (Australia, Poland, Denmark);
- invasion of Iraq starting on 20 March 2003 by an invasion force led by the United States;
-an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the newly formed Iraqi government.
2001: September 11 attacks
, also called 9/11 attacks against
New York City
and
Washington, D.C.
, caused extensive death and destruction and triggered an enormous U.S. effort to combat terrorism. Some 2,750 people were killed in New York, 184 at the Pentagon, and 40 in Pennsylvania (where one of the hijacked planes crashed after the passengers attempted to retake the plane); all 19 terrorists died.
"My fellow citizens, at this hour American and coalition forces are in the early stages of military operations to
disarm Iraq, to free its people
and to
defend the world from grave danger
.

On my orders
, coalition forces have begun striking selected targets of military importance to undermine Saddam Hussein's ability to wage war. These are opening stages of what will be a broad and concerted campaign.

More than 35 countries are giving crucial support, from the use of naval and air bases, to help with intelligence and logistics, to the deployment of combat units.
Every nation
in this coalition has chosen to bear the
duty and share the honor of serving in our common defense
.

To all of the
men and women of the United States
armed forces now in the Middle East, the
peace of a troubled world
and the hopes of an oppressed people now depend on you.

That
trust
is well placed.

The
enemies
you confront will come to know your skill and bravery.
The people you liberate will witness the honorable and decent spirit of the American military
.

In this conflict,
America faces an enemy
who has no regard for conventions of war or rules of morality. Saddam Hussein has placed Iraqi troops and equipment in civilian areas,
attempting to use innocent men, women and children as shields for his own military
; a final
atrocity
against his people.


Saddam Hussein was the fifth President of Iraq, from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
In 2003, President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair accused him of possessing weapons of mass destruction and having ties to al-Qaeda.
He was captured on 13 December 2003. His execution was carried out on 30 December 2006.
Theseus and the Minotaur
"American Dreamz" (2006)
Director, writer: Paul Weitz
Stars: Hugh Grant, Dennis Quaid, Mandy Moore
* "the Capitol will show the winning district gifts of grain and oil and even delicacies like sugar while the rest of us battle starvation" (p19)
* "Starvation´s not an uncommon fate in D1. Who hasn´t seen the victims? Older people who can´t work, injured in the mines(...) you hear the wails from a house, and the Peacekeepers are called in to retrieve the body. Starvation is never the cause of death officially. It´s always the flue, or exposure, or pneumonia. But that fools no one."(p28)
* cookies: "These are a luxury we can never afford" (p37)
* at the train: "a private bathroom with hot and cold running water. We don´t have hot water at home, unless we boil it" (p42)


fight
vs
resignation
justice
vs
unfairness
*"My father could have made good money selling them (bows), but if the officials found out he would have been publicly executed for inciting a rebellion (...) The idea that someone might be arming the Seam would never have been allowed." (p6)
*"But I do notice they omit the part where I cover her in flowers. Because even that smacks of rebellion." (p362)
*"But what good is yelling about the Capitol in the middle of the goods? It doesn´t change anything. It doesn´t make things fair. It doesn´t fill our stomachs. In fact, it scares off the nearby game. I let him (Gale) yell though. Better he does it in the woods than in the district." (p14)
*"Rue´s death has forced me to confront my own fury against the cruelty, the injustice they inflict upon us. But here, even more strongly than at home, I feel my impotence. There´s no way to take revenge on the Capitol. Is there?" (p236)
*"The reaping system is unfair, with the poor getting the worst of it" (p13)
*"I can hear the crowd murmuring unhappily as they always do when a twelve-year-old gets chosen because no one thinks this is fair." (p21)
*"All I can think is how unjust the whole thing is, the HG. Why am I hopping around like some trained dog trying to please people I hate?" (p117)
*"At one o´clock, we head for the square. Attendance is mandatory unless you are on death´s door. This evening, officials will come around and check to see if this is the case. If not, you´ll be imprisoned. (...) People file in silently and sign in. The reaping is a good opportunity for the Capitol to keep tabs on the population as well. (p16)
*"Electricity in D12 comes and goes (...) the only time you can count on it is when they are airing the Games or some important government message on television that it´s mandatory to watch." (p80)
*Peeta:"I want to die as myself... I don´t want them to change me in there. Turn me into some kind of monster that I´m not (...) only I keep wishing to show the Capitol they don´t own me. That I´m more than just a piece in their games." (p141)
*"I´m not really sure who I am, what my identity is. The idea scares me some. I think of Haymitch, with all his money. What did his life become? He lives alone, no wife or children, most of his waking hours drunk. I don´t want to end up like that." (p311)
*"He didn´t even know me. Still, just throwing me the bread was an enormous kindness that would have surely resulted in a beating if discovered. I couldn´t explain his actions." (p32)
*Effie: "At least, you two have decent manners. The pair last year (two kids from the Seam) ate everything with their hands like a couple of savages. It completely upset my digestion." (p44)
*"How you both successfully struggled to overcome the barbarism of your district." (p74)
*"What do they do all day, these people in the Capitol, besides decorating their bodies and waiting around for a new shipment of tributes to roll in and die for their entertainment?" (p65)
*Katniss refers to Flavius, Venia and Octavia: "I stand there completely naked, as the three circle me, wielding tweezers to remove any last bits of hair. I know I should be embarrassed, but they´re so unlike people that I´m no more self-conscious than if a trio of oddly colored birds were pecking around my feet."
*The three step back and admire their work - Excellent! you almost look like a human being now!, says Flavius and they all laugh." (p62)
*"What must be like to be in a world where food appears at the press of a button? How would I spend the hours I now commit to combing the woods for sustenance if it were so easy to come by?" (p65)
*"At first, I´m frozen, but then I catch
sight of us
on a large
television screen
and am floored by how
breathtaking

we

look
. (...) No one will forgive me. Not my look, not my name. Katniss. The girl who was on fire." (p70)
Reception-Theory
is the historical application of a form of reader-response
theory that was proposed by
Hans Robert Jauss
in "Literary History as a Challenge
to Literary Theory" (in New Literary History, Vol. 2, 1970-71).
It focuses on the reader's reception of a text; its prime interest, however, is not on the response of a single reader at a given time, but on the
altering responses
,
interpretive and evaluative
, of the general reading public over the course of time. The response of a particular reader, which constitutes for that reader
the meaning and aesthetic qualities of a text, is the joint product of the
reader's own "horizon of expectations" and the confirmations, disappointments,
refutations, and reformulations of these expectations when they are
"challenged" by the features of the text itself. Since the linguistic and aesthetic
expectations of the population of readers change over the course of
time, and since later readers and critics have access not only to the text but
also to the published responses of earlier readers, there develops an evolving
historical "tradition" of critical interpretations and evaluations of a given literary
work.
DENOTATION
of a word is its primary signification or reference;
its
CONNOTATION
is the range of secondary or associated significations and feelings which it commonly suggests or implies.
-"I slide into my hunting boots" (p4)
-"all I knew was that I had lost not only a father, but a mother as well. At eleven
years old, with Prim just seven, I took over as head of the family. There was no
choice." (P27)
-"When I dropped them (loaves of bread) on the table, Prim´s hands reached to
tear off a chunk, but I made her sit, forced my mother to join us at the table, and
poured warm tea." (p31)
-"I cannot afford to get upset, to leave this room with puffy eyes and a red nose.
Crying is not an option." (p34)
-"One time my mother told me that I always it like I´ll never see food again. And I said, ´I won´t unless I bring it home´. That shut her up." (p55)
Katniss
-"My father got to know my mother because on his hunts he would collect
medicinal herbs and sell them to her shop to be brewed into remedies. She must
have really loved him to leave her home for the Seam. I try to remember that when
all I can see is the woman who sat by, blank and unreachable, while her children
turned to skin and bones." (p8)
-"The district had given us a small amount of money as compensation for his death,
enough to cover one month of grieving at which time my mother would be
expected to get a job. Only she didn´t. She didn´t do anything but sit propped up
in a chair or huddled under the blankets on her bed, eyes fixed on some point in the
distance... No amount of pleading from Prim seemed to affect her." (p27)
-"Slowly, my mother returned to us. She began to clean and cook and preserve some of the food I brought in for winter... I didn´t trust her. And some small gnarled place inside me hated her for her weakness, for her neglect, for the months she had put us through. Prim forgave her, but I had taken a step back from my mother, put up a wall to protect myself from needing her, and nothing was ever the same between us again." (p52)
Mrs Everdeen
Peeta
Gale
-Gale suggests to leave the district, but then he adds "If we didn´t have so many kids" He refers to his two little brothers. "Who would fill those mouths that are always asking for more?" (p9)
-"If he wants kids, Gale won´t have any trouble finding a wife. He´s good-looking, he´s strong enough to work in the mines, and he can hunt. You can tell by the way the girls whisper about him when he walks by in school that they want him." (p10)
-"there is nothing romantic between us, but when he opens his arms I don´t hesitate to go into them. His body is familiar to me -the way it moves, the smell of wood smoke, even the sound of his heart beating I know from quiet moments on a hunt- but this is the first time I really feel it, lean and hard-muscled against my own." (p38)
-"Gale gave me a sense of security I´d lacked since my father´s death... I became a much better hunter when I didn´t have to look over my shoulder constantly, when someone was watching my back... He became my confidant, someone with whom I could share thoughts I could never voice inside the fence. In exchange, he trusted me with his. Being out in the woods with Gales, sometimes I was actually happy." (p111)
Primrose Everdeen
-"Peeta Mellark has obviously been crying and interestingly enough does not seem to be trying to cover it up. (...)But this seems an odd strategy for him because he´s a baker´s son. All those years of having enough to eat and hauling bread trays around have made him broad-shouldered and strong. " (p41)
-"It´s not that Peeta´s soft exactly, and he´s proved he´s not a coward. But there are things you don´t question too much, I guess, when your home always smells like baking bread, whereas Gale questions everything." (p296)
-"now Peeta has made me an object of love... He actually is charming and then utterly winning as the boy in love. And there I am, blushing and confused, made beautiful by Cinna´s hands, desirable by Peeta´s confession, tragic by circumstance, and by all accounts, unforgettable." (p137)
-Camouflage "I guess all those hours decorating cakes paid off" (p252)
-"My little sister, Prim, curled up on her side, cocooned in my mother´s body, their cheeks pressed together." (p3)
-"I hug her, because I know these next few hours will be terrible for her. Her first reaping(...) I wouldn´t let her take out any tesserae. But she´s worried about me. That the unthinkable might happen. I protect Prim in every way I can, but I´m powerless against the reaping. The anguish I always feel when she´s in pain wells up in my chest and threatens to register on my face.
´come on, let´s eat´I say and plant a quick kiss on the top of her head." (p15)
Rue
-"And most hauntingly, a twelve-year-old girl from D11... she´s very like Prim in size and demeanor. Only when she mounts the stage and they ask for volunteers, all you can hear is the wind whistling through the decretip buildings around her." (p45)
-"She has bright, dark eyes and satiny brown skin and stands tilted up on her toes with her arms slightly extended to her sides, as if ready to take wing at the slightest sound. It´s impossible not to think of a bird." (p98)
-"Surprisingly, little Rue comes up with a seven. I don´t know what she showed the judges, but she´s so tiny it must have been impressive." (p108)
-Rue heals Katniss (p200)
-"And I come to know Rue, the oldest of six kids, fiercely protective of her sibblings, who gives her rations to the younger ones, who forages in the meadows in a district where the Peacekeepers are far less obliging than ours. Rue, who when you ask her what she loves most in the world, replies, of all things- Music." (p211)
Theory of Surveillance: The
PANOPTICON
The PANOPTICON was proposed as a model prison by
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
, philosopher and theorist of British legal reform.

The Panopticon ("all-seeing") functioned as a round-the-clock surveillance machine. Its design ensured that no prisoner could ever see the 'inspector' who conducted surveillance from the privileged central location within the radial configuration. The prisoner could never know when he was being surveilled -- mental uncertainty that in itself would prove to be a crucial instrument of discipline.
-Scholastic. Pubisher. http://www.scholastic.com/thehungergames/
-Collins, Suzanne. Author´s web page. http://www.suzannecollinsbooks.com
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I want Americans and all the world to know that coalition forces will make every effort to spare innocent civilians from harm. A campaign on the harsh terrain of a nation as large as California could be longer and more difficult than some predict. And
helping Iraqis achieve a united, stable and free country
will require our sustained commitment.

We come to Iraq with respect for its citizens, for their great civilization and for the religious faiths they practice.
We have no ambition in Iraq, except to remove a threat and restore control of that country to its own people.


I know that the families of our military are praying that all those who serve will return safely and soon.

Million of Americans are praying with you for the safety of your loved ones and for the protection of the innocent.

For your sacrifice, you have the gratitude and respect of the American people and you can know that
our forces will be coming home as soon as their work is done
.

Our nation enters this conflict reluctantly, yet our purpose is sure. The people of the
United States and our friends and allies will not live at the mercy of an outlaw regime that threatens the peace with weapons of mass murder
.

We will meet that threat now with our Army, Air Force, Navy, Coast Guard and Marines, so that we do not have to meet it later with armies of firefighters and police and doctors on the streets of our cities.

Now that conflict has come, the only way to limit its duration is to apply decisive force. And
I assure you
, this will not be a campaign of half measures and we will accept no outcome but victory.

My fellow citizens, the dangers to our country and the world will be overcome. We will pass through this time of peril and carry on the work of peace.
We will defend our freedom. We will bring freedom to others. And we will prevail
.

May God bless our country and all who defend her.
"
"it´s all about where they were or what they were doing or how they felt when a specific event occurred
. -I was still in bed!; I had just had my eyebrows dyed!; I swear I nearly fainted!-
Everything is about them, not the dying boys and girls in the arena."
(p354)
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