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Transcript of Pre-writing Techniques
Freewriting is an excellent method that many writers use to warm up and generate ideas. A. Freewriting Freewrite without stopping for ten minutes. If you get stuck, just repeat or rhyme the last word you wrote, but don’t stop writing!
Do a four-minute focused freewriting one of the topics below: Task Focused freewriting is when you simply try to focus your thoughts on one subject as you freewrite. Focused freewriting can help you generate ideas or narrow the topic to one aspect that interests you. Focused Freewriting Brainstorming is freely jotting down ideas about a topic. The purpose is to generate lots of ideas so you have something to work with and choose from. How? b.Write the topic at the top of a blank page and begin writing your ideas on the topic as rapidly as possible. f. While considering your purpose in writing and your intended audience, add more writing ideas and organize the list according to some system.
d. As you write, let one word or phrase suggest another. Follow word associations as far as they lead you into related ideas. e. Stop at the end of the time period and review your notes. Complete fragmentary ideas. Task In your group, write everything that comes to you about one of the topics below. You can write words and phrases, ideas, details, examples.
1.dealing with difficult people
2.an unforgettable person in politics, sports, or religious life
5.my college experience
6.Facebook Task English- Clear and Strong (ECS)
1. Pre-writing Techniques FreewritingExample Here's a student's focused freewriting on the topic: "Someone who strongly influenced you". Example: B. Brainstorming C. Clustering Clustering or mapping is another form of brainstorming, which is used by writers to get their ideas on paper. How? a. In a word or phrase, write your topic in the center of your paper and circle it. b. Also in a word or phrase, write down the main parts of your topic, circle them, and connect each part to the center. c. As you think of facts, details, related ideas, or examples, write these fragments down in a cluster around the main parts. Example: Task Choose one of these topics or another topic that interests you.
Write it in the centre of a piece of paper and then try clustering. Keep writing down associates until you have filled most of the page. Superheroes Food Holidays Movies Inspiration a Dream D. Asking
Questions Many writers get ideas about a subject by asking questions and trying to answer them. For example, newspaper reporters often answer six basic questions at the beginning of an article:
Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Task Answer the reporter’s six questions for one of the following topics or for a topic of your own choice. Family get-togethers Career Goals Stress Among Students Music Sports E. Keeping a
Journal Keeping a journal is an excellent way to practice your writing skills. Your journal is mostly for you. It’s a private place that you record your experiences and your inner life; it is the place where as one writer says, “I discovered what I really think by writing it down”. How? You can keep a journal in a notebook or on a computer. Every morning or night, or several times a week, write for at least fifteen minutes in this journal. Don’t just record the day’s events. Instead, write in detail about what most angered, moved, or amused you that day.
Write about what you really care about. You may be surprised by how much you know. Write, think, and write some more. Your journal is private, so don’t worry about grammar or correctness. Instead, aim to capture your truth so exactly that someone reading your words might experience it too. Here are some ideas you can write about in your journal:
Write down your career goals and dreams; then brainstorm steps you can take to make them reality. Focus on positive thoughts.
Write about a problem you’re having and create ways in which you might solve it.
Analyze yourself as a student. What are your strengths and weaknesses? What can you do to build on the strengths and overcome the weaknesses?
What college course do you most enjoy? Why?
Who believes in you? Who seems not to believe in you? How do these attitudes make you feel?
If you could spend time with one famous person, living or dead, who would it be? Why?
If you could change one thing about yourself, what would it be? What might you do to change it?
List five things you would like to do if they didn’t seem so crazy.
Do you have an important secret? Kept from whom? How do you feel about keeping this secret?
Name three people you are supposed to admire; then name three you really do admire. Do the differences teach you anything about yourself?
What news story most upset you or made you laugh out loud in the past month? Why? Example: Reference:
Susan Fawcett (2004), Evergreen: a guide to writing with readings, (7th edition) New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
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