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Child Development (Ages 1-6)

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Aya Cagandahan

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of Child Development (Ages 1-6)

Child Development
(Ages 1-6)

By: Aya, Safa, Eman, and Jacqueline
Thank you!
3) Five to six year olds
Physical development

They may somersault or skip.
They can eat with most eating utensils.
* Parents should share family meal time and do arts and crafts together.
1) One to two year olds
Physical Development (gross and fine muscles)

A child may stand and or walk unsupported
May walk and run
May drink and with a cup and eat with a spoon
* A parent can encourage the child's development by creating an obstacle course and encourage them to use various sized objects to dump and pour items.
2) Three to four year olds
Adults play a role in shaping their children as they grow. It is important that we help them develop.

Children from ages 1 to 6 develop at different rates. However, the presentation focuses on the average way a child develops.
Cognitive and linguistic Development

A child may use simple gestures to communicate (shake head to say no)
May explore things by shaking. Banging, and or throwing.
They may say “Mama, Dada, and No”
May try to say word you say
* A parent may play communicative games such as “Simon says” with their child to teach them how to follow instructions. They may also read to them to build their linguistic skills.

Social and Emotional Development

They may play interactive games such as patty cake.
They may also have favorite things such as favorites doll and or blanky.
Children at this age can be shy and or afraid of strangers and may have temper tantrums.
* To build social skills a parent can play games such as house with the child. They may also play helping games such as “help clean up”
Physical Development

A 3 to 4 year old may be able to catch a ball from short distances.
They can dress and undress themselves.
Draw circles and squares (4 year olds)
May be able to go to the bathroom independently (4 year olds)
* A parent can play catch games and balancing games to develop coordination). They may also do arts and crafts.

Cognitive and Linguistic Development

They remember names of familiar people and body parts.
Should follow 2 – step instructions, example “pick up your shirt and put it in the basket “(3 year olds).
Should follow 3 – step instructions ( 4 year olds)
They should name objects in a book.
They should recognize most letters of the alphabet ( 4 year olds).
* Parents should practice conversation skills such as “how was your day”. They should also play with puzzles and building blocks.

Social and Emotional development

They should show more independence
They should take turns in games
They should be able to solve small conflicts (4 year olds).
* Parents should talk through emotions. Such as “how do you feel”. They should also show affection.
Cognitive and linguistic Development

They should know address and phone number
They should be able to use future tense
Children should engage in dramatic plays.
* Parents should ask children to retell the story. “Main idea”

Social and Emotional Development

They should find interest in new experiences
They should understand responsibility
* Parents should discuss fairness situations. They should also encourage play dates with peers.

Since children like to stroll off and become more independent, they will wander around and touch/grab things that might not be safe.
Here are some tips for caregivers to create a safe personal environment for children.
Select a storage place for hazardous items such as detergent, away from their reach.
Cover all electrical outlets with protective plastic covers to prevent electrical shocks.
Tie cords from blinds safely out of children's reach.
Put child safety locks on any cabinets in which you store house chemicals, including under the sink.
Keep candles, lighters and matches in a high cabinet.
Keep the air clean so no molds and no smoking.
Leave your children with someone who you totally trust.
Promote your children to speak to you about their emotions.
Provide support for parents navigating the changing dimensions of love and support for children of this as they deal with their emotional and cognitive needs.

How can care givers communicate effectively with their children?
With toddlers of the ages 1-3, you should support your children by playing games with them, exchanging smiles, sounds, and gestures, and asking them about their feelings. This shows them that you care about how they see a situation and know that you can listen. This also helps with your bond together creating more love between the two of you. For their cognitive development, you should encourage them to engage in activities, make music, and read.
From children ages 4-6, you should let them use their senses, create with toys like blocks, sympathize and empathize, and also help them problem solve.
“How play affects children”

Age’s one to Three

The way adolescents and adults learn in life is through education in school and daily jobs. However for children to learn, all they have to do is play. “play” plays a huge importance in a Childs physical, cognitive and linguistic, and social and emotional development. It improves the child’s developmental abilities mentioned above.

Solitary Play: This type of play begins in infancy and goes till toddlerhood. The child isn’t interactive with people while they are playing. They are playing with their selves to feel happy within themselves.

Parallel Play: Starts in toddler hood; this type of play is, children play at the same area but they are not playing together. They are both doing different things.

Age’s four to six

For ages four to six “play” brings many concepts for them. Through “play” these kids learn turn taking, fairness, and sharing. They also learn about winning and loosing.

Types of “Play”

Sensory play
• Uses senses to explore objects
• It develops Childs cognitive and physical skills
• Example, modeling clay and playing instruments.

Dramatic play
• Uses actions and props to create pretend situations.
• It develops Childs language and communication skills.
• Example, pretend play such as house

Manipulative play
• Uses objects such as toys to create and construct
• It develops language, cognitive, physical, and social skills.
• Example, connecting block structures

Creative play
• Uses arts and crafts
• Develops language, social, and fine motor skills.
• Example, crafting and painting.

Structural game play
• Uses rules in play. Occurs in small or large groups
• Develops social, physical, and communication skills.
• Example, soccer, card games, and board games.

Unstructured play
• Involves playing without rules
• It develops language, communication, physical, and problem solving skills.
• Example, running and playing on a play ground and creating games.
Wellness tips and healthy lifestyle choices
Have a well balanced diet.
Have time to play outside in the park.
Eat together as a family and discuss emotions openly
Go to bed early (preferably 9PM)
Have a family bonding every weekend.
Let the children help out with simple household chores. This can develop bonding between the parents and the children.
Children should have a limit on TV time. (30-35 minutes)
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