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The 13th Amendment
Transcript of The 13th Amendment
When did it happen?
The House passed the Amendment on January 31, 1865, by the Senate in April, 1865 and was adopted in December, 1865.
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Who was involved?
When the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln's professed goal was the restoration of the Union. In September 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in areas that were still in rebellion against the Union. John Nicolay, another significant figure regarding the 13th Amendment and a Lincoln biographer, sent Lincoln a telegram reporting passage of the Amendment by Congress.
What was the purpose?
The 13th Amendment was created to abolish slavery. Black codes and white supremacist violence continued to affect some African Americans to labor in the South. All the union states passed the Amendment to abolish slavery and it was ratified before the end of the Civil War.
Why was it proposed?
The 13th Amendment was desired and necessary because slavery was making whites superior to all African Americans and were being treated unequal. The 13th Amendment was created to abolish slavery and give freedom to slaves all over the U.S.
How did the 13th Amendment change American Culture?
Today, slavery in the United States has not existed for over 100 years. The 13th Amendment gives African Americans today, the right to be free of the cruel and inhumane treatment that they endured while being slaves. That isn’t to say society accepted them with arms wide open. Racism has been a battle ever since America brought slavery onto its land. However, today things are a world away from the way they were that long ago. An obvious product of this social change is the first African American president in United States history, President Barack Obama, elected as the president in 2008.