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Neverending Feminist Histories Project
Transcript of Neverending Feminist Histories Project
Project (work in progress) Feminist History Models US Wave Model Prior to considering the histories presented by these models and examples of interest, it is important to understand the politics that undergird each approach to history. First Wave (1848-1920) WWII Pacifists US Waves
Highlights hegemonic feminist analysis and struggles. Hegemonic feminism primarily has been based in a liberal (equality and individual rights-focused) politic. This model tends to efface the range of feminisms and broader political context of feminist history.
US Comparative/Multiracial Feminisms
Recenters women of color feminists in movement history. Comparative approach highlights overlaps with other movements (e.g. Civil Rights, American Indian). As this model emerges via critique, it inconsistently addresses global politics and feminisms.
Presents a history of feminism from the perspectives of women from the Global South. This model draws upon global political dynamics and does not center US feminist or broader political history. What are the politics that ground feminism and feminist histories? Hegemonic Feminisms Liberal - equal rights, individual rights, "trickle down feminism"
Socialist or Marxist - critique of gendered division of labor and capitalism
Cultural - women and men are "essentially" different, values Western feminized attributes e.g. cooperation, caring, and non-violence
Radical - transhistorical claim that patriarchy is fundamental oppression Comparative Feminisms Highlights movements that feminists participated in and that contributed to the politics of US multiracial feminism. What are the Global South and Global North? A debated division, Global South is contemporarily used to refer countries considered "Third World," "underdeveloped" or "developing," while the Global North includes "first world," most "second world" or "developed" countries. While this division is broad and effaces many complexities, "Global South" helps illuminate solidarity in the face of continued global injustice. This approach is necessary in light of the continued privileging of "Global North" nations' interests in global economics and politics. Sources: Becky Thompson 2011 UN Human Development Report Quartiles Source: http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/hdi/ History of Colonization Development Global South? Civil Rights Movement Abolitionist Movement Black Power Movement Quaker Abolitionism and Pacificism Labor Movement Young Lords Party Brown Berets Anti-Colonial Struggles Anti-Vietnam War Movement American Indian Movement Yellow Power Movement Gay Liberation Further Resources: http://zinnedproject.org/ More at http://zinnedproject.org/materials/lucy-gonzales-parsons/ More on Ella Baker via: http://bitchmagazine.org/post/adventures-in-feministory-ella-baker-feminist-history-civil-rights More on Luisa Capetillo: http://persephonemagazine.com/2011/06/30/badass-ladies-of-history-luisa-capetillo/ Voltairine de Cleyre Second Wave (1963-1980) Third Wave (1990-today?) Ester Hernandez, "Libertad," 1977." Igbo Women's War and "Sitting on a Man" http://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/content/igbo-women-campaign-rights-womens-war-nigeria-1929 What would your criteria be for evaluating human development?
What are feminist human development priorities? http://www.npr.org/2013/02/23/172751423/new-exhibit-highlights-the-history-of-early-civil-rights-group Lucretia Mott More on Mott: http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-00494.html *centers hegemonic feminist history US First Wave - Hegemonic Feminist Timeline 1992 2002 1997 2007 2012 2017 US Second Wave - Hegemonic Feminist Timeline 1992 2002 1997 2007 2012 2017 US Third Wave - Hegemonic Feminist Timeline 1992 2002 1997 2007 2012 2017 American Indian Model and Influence on Women's Suffrage Movement http://www.feminist.com/resources/artspeech/genwom/iroquoisinfluence.html Peggy Antrobus Development Timeline First Development
Decade 1960s 1980s Second Development Decade Rise of Neoliberalism 1970s Furthering Neoliberalism 1990s Mixing of Fundamentalisms 2000s Neo-Classical Economic Theory - Market-driven model (trickle down) focused on World Bank-based support Shift to balance economic and social growth - formation of G-77 and New International Economic Order G-7, Washington Consensus led by Thatcher and Reagan pushes neoliberal approach. IMF pushes structural adjustment programs. There is No Alternative (TINA) - seeking dominance of neoliberal capitalism globally Fall of Soviet Union, more markets open - free trade agreements are pursued as well as continued IMF and WB interventions Neoliberal economics, "War on Terror" and religious fundamentalisms, continued national and ethnic-based conflicts First Wave Second Wave Third Wave Global Women's Movement Wave Model (Gita Sen, cited in Peggy Antrobus' "The Global Women's Movement") period: 19th-early 20th century period: mid-20th century period: 1960s to present