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Jazz Unit

Exploring Music Class Jazz Unit
by

ben anderson

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Jazz Unit

Early Jazz:
3. Dixieland!
1917-1930ish
Louis Armstrong
Jelly Roll Morton
Elements:
Many improvisations at once
Drums
Banjo
Tuba
Clarinet
Trumpet
Trombone
Many cultures all at once
Former slaves
French
Slave owners
Louisiana Creole refers to people of various racial backgrounds who are descended from the colonial French, Spanish, and German settlers, Africans, and Native Americans from the time before the Louisiana territory became a possession of the United States through the Louisiana Purchase (1803).
Cajun music is evolved from its roots in the music of the French-speaking Catholics of Canada. In earlier years the fiddle was the predominant instrument, but gradually the accordion has come to share the limelight. Cajun music gained national attention in 2007, when the Grammy Award for Best Zydeco or Cajun Music Album category was created.
Like Jambalaya!
New Orleans
Mr. Anderson's Jambalaya

1 big dutch oven or large pot
1/4 cup vegetable oil
1 green bell pepper, chopped
1 small red bell pepper, chopped
1 orange bell pepper, chopped
1 spicy pepper of your choice (habanero, chile, jalapeno, etc...)
1-2 cups chopped onion
3 cloves garlic, minced
1 pound chicken pieces
1 pound Andouille sausage, diced
1 stick Pepperoni, diced
heat on medium until chicken is mostly cooked
1 1/2 cups long-grain rice, uncooked
2 teaspoons salt
1 1/2 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce
1/4 teaspoon dried leaf thyme
1/2 teaspoon dried rosemary
lots of Cayenne pepper - depends on your taste - be careful...it's strong stuff.
1/4 teaspoon Tabasco sauce
3 cups water or chicken broth
Simmer until rice is done (20 minutes)
Add as much shrimp as you want (fresh or frozen cooked medium or large shrimp)
1 can of crushed tomato
1 can of drained black beans
spice to desired heat level
serves a family with lots of leftovers
Spicy!
Mixture
1. Ragtime
1880s-Early 1900s
Scott Joplin
Piano music
Imitating Marching Bands
Boom-Chick in Left Hand
coon song
The Entertainer
Maple Leaf Rag
Saloons/brothels
2. Blues
1900-1920s
Sadness
field hollers
promised land
Emancipation Proclamation
Bessie Smith
Ma Rainey
12-bar blues
A A B form
Got my mojo working, but it just won't work on you
Got my mojo working, but it just won't work on you
I wanna love you so bad till I don't know what to do

I'm going down to Louisiana to get me a mojo hand
I'm going down to Louisiana to get me a mojo hand
I'm gonna have all you women right here at my command
4. Big Band Music: The Early Years
Big Band's Puberty
Vibrato
5 Trumpets
5 Saxophones (clarinet?)
4 Trombones
Drums, Bass/Tuba, Piano, Vocals, Banjo
5. Big Band Boom
1930s & 1940s
"African American" music
"American" music
Touring
popularity
6. Big Band Post-War
1940s-Present
No more war!
Metal can now be used for cars
Boyfriends, husbands return
drinking age lowered to 18
Showing off!
virtuoso
meaning: skill, excellence; an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability at singing or playing a musical instrument. - wikipedia
Buddy Rich
The greatest drummer EVER!
Maynard Ferguson
7. Bebop
1940s
Bippity bop debop boppity be da bebop
After big band concerts were over for the night.
The best players in the band would go out to clubs and play more. Sitting in.
Small groups - quartets, quintets ("combos")
Dizzy Gillespie
Charlie Parker
"The Bird"
John Coltrane
8. Cool Jazz
1940s-1950s
Reaction to Bebop
Slow things down - mellow out - be "cool"
BE COOL! MAN.
Miles Davis
9. Latin Jazz
Mixture of Jazz and Latin influences
Afro-cuban
Percussion
Claves
cowbells
bongos
congas
timbales
10. Free Jazz
1960s
Experimental, provocative, challenging
Ornette Coleman
Cecil Taylor
Salsa dancing
Extra credit:
DVD: Buena Vista Social Club
Nachito Herrera
Salsa Dancing
mambo
cha cha cha
samba
son
timbo
Guaguancó,
Local group: The Bad Plus
harmon mute
tito puente
Dizzie Gillespie
Afro Cuban All Stars
Salsa lessons
salsa recipe
tango
NO RULES!
funeral dirge = sad & slow
dixie music = fast party music
flamenco
Victor's 1959 cafe
11. Jazz Rock
1970s-present
ADD: Electricity and guitar!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Chick Corea
Pat Metheny
Chicago
a.k.a. "FUSION"
12. Jazz Ensemble
1940s-present
School Jazz Band
Middle School
High School
College
Professional
This genre includes all previous styles and genres
like a variety band
12 Genres of Jazz
Jazz!!
12 Videos For The Test:
name the genre
1860s
Abraham Lincoln
North: We want to abolish slavery cuz' it's wrong! (Really we just want them to come up here so we can have more votes...)
South: We want to count our slaves as votes for us. 12 slaves + me = my 13 votes!
South: Ok - let's compromise (don't take our votes!) - 3/5ths of each slave counts as a vote.
If 3/5 of your PROPERTY can count toward your vote, then 3/5 of our CATTLE can count!
CIVIL WAR
Muddy Waters
Robert Johnson
B.B. King
John Lee Hooker
Stevie Ray Vaughan
Others?
try wikipedia
Because use it was wrong?
Underground Railroad
Harriet Tubman
Ragging
T-Bone Walker
guitar * piano
love, lovin', drinkin', loss, break ups
riff
call and response
texas blues rock
4 measures + 4 measures + 4 measures
guitar becomes electric
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bdohpu1ZRA
Paul Whiteman
Benny Goodman
Bix Beiderbecke
Tommy Dorsey
Fletcher Henderson
Solos!!!
Standard Instrumentation
1920s
front man - bandleader
white
musicians
Duke Ellington
Count Basie
Ella Fitzgerald
Billie Holiday
blacks and whites in the same band
stole jazz from blacks?
WWII
Great depression?
Swing Dances
and dancing together?
BABY bOOM!
FINANCIAL STABILITY
SOCIAL STABILITY
=
Jazz is born - a child!
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coon_song
Students: go to
and read all of it.
Lingo
dig it!
baby
right on!
cool, man.
others?
the developing stages
hip you to.
cat.
Saxophone
WWI over
great depression
Goes viral
boom = trending
rations
metal goes toward ammo/ships/tanks/planes/guns
not cars
women get jobs
Rosie Riveter
one o'clock jazz lab band at North Texas State University
Earth, Wind, & Fire
Gordon Goodwin's Big Phat Band
bad = good
You have Lingo/Slang...
#YOLOSWAG
Rap has slang...
LOLS!
(not actually underground, or a railroad)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eo_365T1B2o
minstrel singers
black face
http://pathways.thinkport.org/secrets/music1.cfm
Lucille
Native American
Canadian Catholics
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cajun
African funerals
to cover up the nasty old fish smell.
Stan Kenton
WWII over!
vocabulary...
+
1930s-present
(fusion causes a big explosion)
kill em
jelly totes turn up bestie mains #mcm #wcw #tbt selfie ratchet
the lord, promised land, heaven, blessed = gospel
BRBB.ORG
the original auto-tune
Rosie the Riveter
built roads and bridges
Like the "all-star" game
photogenic
also combos - quartets, quintets, sextets, septet, octets
monette.net
Amistad
agogo bells
slavery stop
try googling "salsa"
try googling "slave ship con
History of Rock N' Roll at EPHS
Herbie Hancock
Later...
Bass, Drums, Guitar, Saxophones, Trumpets, Trombones
flappers/speakeasy
Full transcript