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Melody, Harmony, and Key

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by

Alana Nelson

on 29 July 2014

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Transcript of Melody, Harmony, and Key

Melody, Harmony, and Key
Phrase
Smallest structural unit concluded by a cadence
Cadence
A stable point of arrival (a point of rest)
Harmony
Sound created by two or more notes played simultaneously
Keys and Tonality
Notes of a given melody are often the members of a specific key and scale
Melody
A single line of notes heard in succession as a unit
Row, row, row your boat,
Gently down the stream.
Merrily, merrily, merrily, merrily,
Life is but a Dream
Row, row, row your boat
Gently down the stream.
Merrily, merrily, merrily, merrily,
Life is but a dream.
Chord
Three or more tones combined
Triad
A type of chord comprised of only three tones
Scale: series of notes that move by step
Tonic: Central tone about which a key/scale revolves
Tonal vs Atonal
Atonal music lacks a central tone
Major Scale
Minor Scale
W-W-H-W-W-W-H
W-H-W-W-H-W-W
Steps v. Leaps
Step: the mvt. from one tone to the very next.
Leap: mvt. greater than a step
Conjunct Motion: Mvt. primarily by step
Disjunct Motion: Mvt. contains many leaps
Melodies can be harmonized multiple ways
http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/55
Dissonance v. Consonance
K 284
Minuet in G
Sonatina
Chord Progression
Full transcript