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American Civil Rights Movement
Transcript of American Civil Rights Movement
Malcolm X was a prominent figure during the civil rights era. Malcolm X offered an alternative view to King's. He advocated for both the establishment of a separate black community and the use of violence in the process. After Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam, for which he had been a spokesperson, his views toward white people softened but his core message of black pride endured.
American Civil Rights Movement
Black Americans’ quest for official racial equality began the moment Reconstruction ended in the late 1870s. Even though Radical Republicans had attempted to aid blacks by passing the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the Civil Rights Act of 1875, as well as the Fourteenth Amendment and Fifteenth Amendment, racist whites in the South ensured that blacks remained “in their place.”
What is The American Civil Rights Movement?
The African-American Civil Rights Movement refers to the post-Civil War reform movements in the United States aimed at eliminating racial discrimination against African Americans, improving educational and employment opportunities, and establishing electoral power.
By: Katherine, Sarah K, Janyn and Bronwyn
A hundred-year struggle
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the twentieth century’s best-known advocates for nonviolent social change.Subsequent mass demonstrations in many communities culminated in a march (The March of Washington) that attracted more than 250,000 protestors to Washington, DC, where King delivered his famous “I have a dream” speech in which he envisioned a world where people were no longer divided by race. He was assassinated on April 4th, 1968.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, in which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating, took place from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956. Four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined. The boycott of public buses by blacks in Montgomery began on the day of Parks’ court hearing and lasted 381 days. The U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate it's bus system, and one of the leaders of the boycott, a young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr., emerged as a prominent national leader of the American civil rights movement in the wake of the action.
"THE CIVIL RIGHTS ERA (1865–1970)." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.
March on Washington
"Civil Rights Movement." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014.
"Martin Luther King, Jr, Civil Rights Movement : Youth For Human Rights Champion." Martin Luther King, Jr, Civil Rights Movement : Youth For Human Rights Champion. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.
On August 28, 1963, more than 250,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country.The march, which became a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United States, culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech, a spirited call for racial justice and equality.
"History.com." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014.
Selma to Montgomery March
In early 1965, Martin Luther King Jr.’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference made Selma, Alabama, the focus of its efforts to register black voters in the South.That March, protesters attempting to march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery were met with violent resistance by local and state authorities, using tear gas and wielding clubs they attacked the protesters. The court made a ruling for no more marches. After several postponements of the march, civil rights advocates finally gained the courts permission. Protestors walked around the clock for three days to reach Montgomery.
The Freedom Summer took place in Mississippi during the summer of 1964. The purpose of the Freedom Summer was to increase black voter registration in Mississippi, organize the Freedom Democratic Party to challenge the white-only Mississippi Democratic party, set up Freedom Schools, and open the community centers to blacks seeking medical and legal assistance. As a result of the Freedom Summer, the percentage of black voters increased, and students who attended the Freedom Schools showed greater confidence in themselves.
The historic march, and King’s participation in it, greatly helped raise awareness of the difficulty faced by black voters in the South, and the need for a Voting Rights Act, passed later in 1965.