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Martin luther: contribution to christianity
Transcript of Martin luther: contribution to christianity
Rebel against the Roman Catholic Church
- Luther is not just a product of his context
-Revived the Augustinian theological tradition of salvation through faith by grace alone.
- Luther, having been a monk in the Augustinian order, drew on the church father, his Western forbears, and the writings of the Apostle Paul, to once again articulate these long forgotten doctrines that had once been so prominent in the early theology of the Western church.
- Luther denied purgatory
- Salvation could not be earned through works of law.
- Denied the freedom of will
- If salvation could be earned by an act of the will, grace would not be grace.
- Luther did not believe in private interpretation of the Scripture.
- The correct interpretation could be determined by using the analogy of Scripture–that is, using clear passages of the Bible to help interpret difficult ones.
Effect of his contribution
- Caused the second major schism in the history of the church, and spawned a religious tradition committed to the sufficiency of Scripture, otherwise known as Protestantism
- While Luther’s influence is clearly visible even five hundred years later among non-Reformed Protestants, it is safe to say that their reappropriations are wildly different to what Luther himself believed.
- The word protestant comes from the Latin word 'proteste' which actually means to 'confess' and not to 'protest.
- Articulated clearly the doctrine of justification through faith alone
Martin Luther: contribution to Christianity
- Thus, while he viewed some tradition as helpful, he viewed none of them as finally authoritative, and he believed that the Bible interprets itself.