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PIGS

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by

Brett Fehlauer

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of PIGS

Classification Pigs Pigs are broad, stocky animals with four short legs. Pigs can be white, grey, brown, pink, black, beige or those colours mixed. They usually are blotched, spotted or unevenly striped. Each hoof has four toes but they only walk on two and it looks like they are tiptoeing. They have coarse, bristly hair. On its large head, a pig's snout is made of cartilage which it uses for digging for food. They have short tails which can be either kinky, straight or curly. Piglets have 28 teeth, full grown they have 44 teeth. Wild pigs have tusks. Since they have eyes on the side of their head they have a wide field of vision. They have a good sense of smell and they're good swimmers. They'd prefer water instead of mud. They're highly social and highly intelligent. Physical Description A pig's main threat is people. Domestic pigs are raised to be eaten as food, such as ham, pork and bacon. Some of the domestic pigs threats can be, like most organisms, diseases. Also some more predators they can have can be coyotes and wolves. Some of the wild pigs predators can be coyotes, tigers, wolves, reticulated python, large birds of prey, dingos, leopards, brown bears, crocodiles and lots more threats. Some of these predators depend where the pig lives. Threats and Predators Nutrition Pigs usually live on farms, called piggeries, in barns, fields or pens. The barns which most domestic pigs live in have cement floors but the pens or stalls have hay for them to lie on. Pigs are very neat and clean animals and they like to keep their stall or pen neat. They go to the bathroom at the other side of the stall so they don't have to sleep in it. They are raised to be slaughtered then sold or eaten. Free range pigs have vast open fields with strong fences to contain the pigs. Pigs can basically live anywhere as long as they have nutrients and water. They live everywhere in the world exept Antarctica. Habitat Sows can give birth up to 12 piglets. After a four month gestation period the sow will give birth. When the piglets are born they have their tail trimmed, their ear notched and an iron/penicillin shot. The piglets are nursed for up to 3 to 4 weeks. They are fed by drinking their mothers milk. When the sow wants to sleep, the piglets are put in a farrowing stall so their mother doesn't lie on them. At 2 years of age they are an adult. Then they would mate and do the cycle all over again. Sows can give birth to up to two litters a year.The average life span of a pig is 12 to 15 years. Reproduction Adaptations Kingdom: Anamalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Infraclass: Eutheria
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Subfamily: Suinea
Species: Domestica
Genus: Sus Pigs have a diet most like a humans. They're omnivores so that means they eat both plants and animals. Pigs have a diet of corn, soy bean meal with a mixture of vitamins and minerals. They also added to their diet by eating leaves, grass, roots, fruit and flowers. They forage for food by rooting along the ground with their long snouts. Wild pigs have a diet of fungi, roots, bulbs, tubers, snails, earthworms, reptiles, young birds, eggs, small rodents and carrion. Pigs like to eat more than anything else. Pigs have lots of cool adaptations. They
have a keen sense of smell. They can't
sweat so they have to swim or wallow in mud to keep cool. Their back teeth are adapted for crushing. They can also find sunny spots for farmers to plant crops by where they choose to root. Approximately 9000 years ago, when people settled in Southeastern Europe, wild pigs were attracted to their garbage dumps so people easily caught the baby pigs and began to domesticate or farm them. Did you
know... Did you
know... Did you
know... You call a pig by saying "sooeee" Pigs are fantastic swimmers Pigs are the fourth smartest animal in the animal kingdom The largest pig on
record was 2552
pounds A full grown pig can drink up to 14 gallons of
water a day A pig can run a seven minute
mile A pigs squeal can reach up
to 115 decibels Groups of pigs can be called
a drift, a team or a herd Trotters, or pigs feet,
are eaten as a delicacy in some countries The largest litter of pigs born
on record was 36 piglets Pigs hair can be used to make hairbrushes Pig coyote Pigs feeding out of a trough Pigs rooting for food Pigs in stalls Pigs on a farm Piglets drinking their mother's milk Piglet A baby pig is called
a piglet A female pig is called a sow A male pig is caled a boar Their bones can be used to make glue Pigs wallowing in mud Spotted Piglet by Brett Fehlauer
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