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Comenius Alley/ Romania
Transcript of Comenius Alley/ Romania
a country with : The Black Sea Romania, a country
with authentic customs Romania,
a country with wonderful : Bucharest
"Little Paris of the East" CHRONOLOGICAL PRESENTATION
1967 –School is founded
1991 – intensive French teaching classes are introduced
1992 – school partnerships with French colleges are initiated: Perrot d’Ablancourt-Chalons en Champagne Jeanne d’Arc – Limoges Jean Moulin – St. Memmie
1993 –the bilingual school magazine « Pas –a- pas » appears
1994 – our school receives the name of the poetess Elena Vacarescu; 21st May becomes the School Day
2001 - Appears student magazine "Big Break"
2004 - Partnership with the College of Saint Memmie - Chalons
2009 - 2011 - Comenius Project - "Virtual EDEN"
2009 - 2011 - "Correspondance" Language Project
2009-2011 - Junior Achievement
2009-2011 - E-Twining
2010 - Spring Day
2011 - Social - Education Project "Sources of acquiring new skills"
2012 - 2014 - Comenius Project "Hidden Talents" THE MISSION OF OUR SCHOOL
"Our school - open gate for young people eager to join in a dynamic society."
Gymnasium School , “Elena Vacarescu”:
- educates and trains children ranging between 6 and 15 years old.
- guides the first steps towards science, literature, culture.
- offers modern facilities and learning methods.
- discovers the students’ skills and abilities and brings them to light.
- promotes modern ideas in the learning-teaching process.
- takes into account the demands of the modern society through the development of the abilities of communicating in internationally used languages and through the use of new technologies. ROMANIA HISTORY
Romania, country in southeastern Europe is rich in culture and natural resources, but it has long been one of Europe’s poorest and least developed nations. Foreign powers, including the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires, controlled the country or parts of it for much of its history.
The modern country of Romania was created in 1859. It became fully independent in 1878. Romania was a kingdom from 1881 to 1947.
In 1948 Communists took control of Romania and modeled the government and economy after those of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). However, in the 1960s Romania’s Communist leaders began to distance themselves from the USSR and develop their own domestic and foreign policies. Romania’s economy grew during the 1960s and 1970s, but by the 1980s most Romanians were suffering from food shortages and other economic hardships.
In 1989 Romanians revolted against the repressive dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu, the country’s president and Communist Party leader. Ceausescu was executed, and a non-Communist government was installed.
The first free multiparty elections took place in Romania in 1990. Romania has a total land area of 238,391 km2. The country is bounded on the north by Ukraine, on the east by the Republic of Moldova, on the southeast by the Black Sea, on the south by Bulgaria, on the southwest by Yugoslavia, and on the west by Hungary. Romania is roughly oval in shape, with a maximum distance from east to west of 735 km and a maximum distance from north to south of 530 km.
A long chain of mountain ranges curves through northern and central Romania. The Danube River forms much of the country’s southern and southwestern borders with Bulgaria and the Yugoslavia, and the Prut River divides Romania from its northeastern neighbor Moldova.
Romania’s official language is Romanian, a Romance language derived mainly from Latin. Minority languages include Hungarian, German, Turkish, Serbo-Croatian, and Romani (the language of the Roma). English and French are taught in many schools and are the most common second languages spoken in Romania. In the recent years many schools has introduced Spanish and German. Religion
The principal religion of Romania is Christianity.
The Romanian Orthodox Church is the largest religious organization in the country, claiming 70 percent of the people as adherents. Approximately 6 percent of inhabitants, including much of the Hungarian population, are Roman Catholic. Another 6 percent of the population belongs to various Protestant denominations.
The country also contains significant numbers of Muslims and Jews. The most important river of Romania is the Danube. Its lower course forms a delta that covers much of northeastern Dobrogea.
Most of Romania’s major rivers are part of the Danube system; these include the Mures, the Somes, the Olt, the Prut, and the Siret. Romania has many small, freshwater mountain lakes, but the largest lakes are saline lagoons on the coast of the Black Sea; the largest of these is Lake Razim - a complex formed by a few limans and lagoons.
The mighty Danube River flows 1,788 miles from its springs in Germany’s Black Forest to the Black Sea. Just before reaching the sea it forms the second largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas: 2,200 square miles of rivers, canals, marshes, tree-fringed lakes and reed islands.
The Danube Delta is a wildlife enthusiast’s (especially a bird watcher’s) paradise. Palaces Castels PELEŞ CASTLE
Located in Sinaia (44 km from Brasov), Peles Castle is one of Romania's most important museums in the country since it was the final resting place for several Romanian monarchs including King Carol I, who died here in 1914.
The building of the castle begin in 1873 under the direct order of the Viennese architect Wilhem Doderer and was continued in 1876 by his assistant, Johann Schultz de Lemberg. During 1877-1879 because of the war they abandoned work. That's why the castle was inaugurated only on October 7, 1883. To the initial castle the Czech architect, Karel Liman added, during 1896-1914, Pelisor, a small castle with 70 rooms. The Romanian folkloric costumes characterize own attributes of the Romanian people and contribute essentially to the definition of the ethnic specificity. Closely related to the human existence, the folkloric costumes reflect over time, as they reflect nowadays, the mentality and artistic conception of the people.
The folkloric costume has been developed along the people's history, being a genuine expression of coherent traditions throughout centuries. Distinct clothing ornamentation, traditional methods used for sewing and tailoring the pieces of clothing, and a wide variety of costumes from one region to another customize the defining spirit of the Romanian people. Picturesque Monasteries Among the most picturesque treasures of Romania are the Painted Monasteries of Bucovina (in northeastern Romania).
Their painted exterior walls are decorated with elaborate 15th and 16th century frescoes featuring portraits of saints and prophets, scenes from the life of Jesus, images of angels and demons, and heaven and hell. VORONET MONASTERY
The most famous and stunning of the painted monasteries is Voronet, founded in 1487 by Stephen the Great to celebrate a victory over the Turks. Widely known throughout Europe as "the Sistine Chapel of the East" due to its interior and exterior wall paintings, this monastery offers an abundance of frescoes featuring an intense shade of blue commonly known as ‘Voronet blue.’
The composition of the paint continues to remain a mystery even now, more than 500 years after the church was built. SUCEVITA MONASTERY
High walls and heavily buttressed defensive towers surround the great monastic complex of Sucevita, giving it the appearance of a fortress. Founded in 1581 by Gheorghe Movila, Bishop of Radauti, it was later expanded by his brother, Ieremia, ruling prince of Moldavia, who added massive ramparts and turrets. MOLDOVIŢA MONASTERY
The Monastery of Moldovita, located in the village of Vatra Moldovitei, was built by Petru Rares in 1532. The Carpathian Mountains are the eastern wing of the great Central Mountain System of Europe, curving 1500 km along the borders of Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro and northern Hungary.
Romania contains by far the largest area of the Carpathians, and forms the eastern and southern boundaries of the region. 55.2% of the Carpathian region is located within Romania. 47.4% of Romanian territory is part of the Carpathian mountain range.
The Southern Carpathians. From the Prahova Valley near Brasov to almost 300 miles further westerly situated Timis-Cerna rift extend the Southern Carpathians. They include some of the highest mountain ranges in Romania, including the Bucegi massif in the east, the Retezat mountains in the west and the centrally located Fagaras Mountains. These ones are home of the 2,544 meter high Moldoveanu, the highest summit in Romania and 2,535 meter high Negoiu. Carphatians Mountains CORVINEŞTI CASTLE
The greatest Gothic-style castle in Romania, Corvinesti was built by the Anjou family on the site of a former Roman camp.
The castle served as a fortress until the mid-14th century when it became the residence of Transylvania's ruler, Iancu de Hunedoara. Iancu upgraded the fortress transforming it into the most stunning castle in Transylvania. The Western Carpathians are the lowest of the three ranges and are fragmented by many deep structural depressions. They have historically functioned as "gates," which allow easy passage but can be readily defended.
By far the most outstanding of the Western Mountains are the Apuseni. Their name translates from Romanian as Mountains "of the sunset". Though their peaks are not higher than 1850 m (maximum elevation 1,849 m, the Curcubata Mare Peak in the Bihor Mountains).
The complex karst landforms of Apuseni are an attraction on their own, especially hikers with a fascination for geology. Deep valley and gorges, karrens and karst depression – where underground rivers and streams flow - give the landscape an exceptional character. Below ground lies the important and fragile ecosystem of the caves, the main attraction for amateur and professional cavers. Here are over 200 caves including the famed Bears' Cave in Chiscau and the Scarisoara Glacier. The Romanian Carpathians represent an exceptional tourist attraction. Scarisoara Glacier, a national monument sheltering the second largest underground glacier on the continent, the 3,500-year-old ice cave features spectacular icy stalactites and stalagmites. Named after the skeletons of bears (extinct 15,000 years ago) Bear's Cave was discovered here by mine workers in 1975. Arranged on two levels, it features galleries of animals and castles-resembling stalagmites and stalactites more than a half mile long. Some of the stalactites are estimated to be 22,000 years old. They continue to grow at a rate of about one-third inch every 20 years. Rivers and Lakes There are around 3,500 lakes in Romania, most of them small or medium, with glacial origin, with volcanic origin, artificial, karstic or salty.
The presence of the quaternary glaciers in the Carpathian Mountains determined the formation of the glacial circuses and valleys, many of them sheltering afterwards lakes. They are to be found at altitudes over 1900-2000 m.
One of the lakes with glacial origin is Balea Lake which is situated at an altitude of 2034 meters. It has an aria of 0,46 square kilometers and it has a maximum depth of 11 meters. Surrounding the lake a reservation was settled.
Bucura Lake is the largest glacial lake from Romania (10,8 hectares ). It is situated at an altitude of 2041 meters. It has a maximum depth of 15,7 meters. The lake is populated with trouts.
Sfanta Ana Lake is a lake of volcanic origin. It is situated at an altitude of 950 meters. The lake is round shaped, having 620 meters in length and 460 meters in width. It has an aria of 22 hectares and it is 7,1 meters deep. Sfanta Ana Lake was declared a natural protected reservation.
Red Lake is a lake formed behind a natural barrage and it is situated at an altitude of 980 meters. The lake was formed in 1837 when Ghicos Stone fell suddenly, blocking the Bicaz Valley. The Black Sea Coast stretches out for 244km/153 miles and is the main tourist area of Romania. It has fine, soft sand and safe, gently sloping beaches.
The water of the Black Sea has a low salinity in comparison with other inland seas (only 17%) and there is a virtual absence of tides and currents.
The air is well-ionised, rich in marine aerosols. The sand beaches are generally natural ones, 400-500 m wide at Mangalia and Techirghiol, and 50-200 m wide in other resorts. The high solar radiation intensity is said to have stimulating and healing effects. The entire complex of sand, air, sun and water is a beneficial one.
The Black Sea houses sturgeons and dolphins and there are no dangerous species like sharks.
The gateway to all the resorts is the city of Constanta, the main Romanian port. The Romanian Traditions Maybe no other thing can better define the spirit of a people than its ancient traditions and customs.
Tourists are fascinated by the old Romanian folk dances such as “calusarii” or “hora”- combining elegant moves and satirical verses with giddy rhythms of the dance.
Calusarii is a ritual initiation dance, while hora may be danced by all the villagers, especially on Sunday.
On Christmas and New Year’s Eve, children and young men go from house to house singings carols. In some regions, they dance with folk masks on their faces and recite speeches. For their effort, they receive fruit and home-made cakes. The best known carols are Steaua, Plugusorul, Sorcova and Capra.
Martisorul (March 1) is the celebration that brings hope, optimism and faith in a better future, year by year. The festival is symbolised by a white and red lace with an amulet (a coin, a shell).
Easter is one of the most important religious celebration in Romania. Its traditions go beyond the Christian dogmas, myths of creations and symbols of life.
In Romania the tradition of decorating eggs is ancestral. In old times a painted eggs was believed to have magic powers and their preparation involved special rituals.
While the Christian symbol of the egg is related to the resurrection of Christ, the primordial meanings are still potted in the motifs, colors and patterns that transform these eggs, in genuine works of art.
A Romanian painted egg tells you a story, if you know how to read it. Among the many stylized motifs you’ll often find the tree of life, the sun and the Star, the cross, the rooster, the snake and oak leaves, waves, spirals and much more. Each egg is unique. Each egg is special. Romanian Personalities Mihai Eminescu - late Romantic poet, probably the single best-known Romanian poet.
His poems span a large range of themes, from nature and love to hate and social commentary. His childhood years were evoked in his later poetry with deep nostalgia.
Famous works include "Luceafărul" ("Evening star"), "Mai am un singur dor" ("I Have a Single Desire Left"), and the 5 "Scrisori" ("Epistles").
Eminescu's poems have been translated in over 60 languages. His life, work and poetry strongly influenced the Romanian culture and his poems are widely studied in Romanian public schools. George Enescu - is considered as the most important Roumanian musician. His artistical personality manifested in several hypostases: composer, violinist, pedagogue, pianist and conductor.
As a composer, he was best known for a few early, colourfully ‘nationalist’ scores such as the Romanian Rhapsodies. Nicolae Grigorescu - is the first of the founders of modern Romanian painting. Constantin Brancusi - was a Romanian-born sculptor who made his career in France. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden farm tools.
Famous Brâncuși works include the Sleeping Muse (1908), The Kiss (1908), Prometheus (1911), Mademoiselle Pogany (1913), The Newborn (1915), Bird in Space (1919) and The Column of the Infinite (Coloana infinitului), popularly known as The Endless Column (1938). Considered the pioneer of modernism, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture. Table of Silence The Endless Column The Kiss Gate Elena Văcărescu was a Romanian-French aristocrat writer, twice a laureate of the French Academy.
Through her father, Ioan Văcărescu, she descended from a long line of boyars of Wallachia (the Văcărescu family), including Ienăchiţă Văcărescu, the poet who wrote the first Romanian grammar. 1864 -1947 Students participated in exciting and motivating activities, developing their communication skills in both the native language and in English. Curiccular areas involved in this project was : Mathematics and Sciences, Arts, Technology Education.
In our school was held an optional course of photography, where students and parents practiced and developed their communication skills through images;
The course followed the exchange of information between students, teachers and other educational institutions regarding the educational system and the change of mentality on development and use of new methods and techniques. In our school students were involved in making materials to decorate the classes and organized the collection of small objects or raising money for children affected by heavy snowfalls. The project followed the exchange of information between students, teachers, parents and schools about the educational systems in the two countries involved in project(Romania and France). Virtual Eden Project was born from the need to develop the skills of students and adults from partner schools, to work together, to be European citizens, to protect the environment, to use the world scientific knowledge in school and extracurricular activities, to communicate in a foreign language.
During the project took place many activities , which aimed scientific research. The project aimed to encourage students interest in extracurricular activities as an alternative leisure during the summer holidays in order to train them for a healthy and sustainable society. Bucharest, the Romanian capital is a city of contrasts, where historic buildings stand side by side with skyscrapers of glass and metal.
Bucharest, located in the country's south-east, is by far the largest RomAnian city and it is the nation's cultural, industrial and financial centre.
According to local legend, the city was established by a shepherd named Bucur who tended his flocks on the bank of the river Dambovita. Althought it was documented for the first time in official 15th century records, Bucharest only became the capital of Romania in the middle of the 19th century.
The streets of Bucharest often reflect its nickname "Little PAris of the East", given to the capital between the wars for its elegant architecture and thriving cultural life. Bucharest also bears the scars from four decades of a communist regime, which ordered the demolition of entire residential neighbour-hoods to make way for wide boulevards and massive monumental buildings, and the rapid and sometimes chaotic development since 1989. The river Dambovita flows throught Bucharest from north-west to south-west . The Triumphal Arch was built between 1921 and 1922 to celebrate Romanian's victory during World War I. The CEC Palace, one of the most impressive buildings in Bucharest, accomodates the House of Savings and Consignments. It stands on the famous Calea Victoriei, the city's most stylish thoroughfare and was completed in 1900 in an eclectic style with disticntly French architectural elements Considered by some a testament of Romanian builders craft-smanship and by others an architectural monstrosity, the Palace of Parliament(also known as "People's House")is none-theless a principal landmark of the Bucharest cityscape.
The subject of three entries in the Guiness World Records, it is the largest and most expensive civic administration building in the world, at 270 metres long, 245 metres wide and 86m high. It also extends some 82 m deep below ground and its footprint covers 66,000 square metres.
200 architects and approximately 20,000 labourers worked on the building and its 1000 or so rooms.
Construction began in 1980 following the demolition of seven square kilometres of the old city centre. Cismigiu Gardens, the capital's oldest public par, lies opposite Bucharest City Hall, on Regina Elisabeta Boulevard.
The park is green oasis of 17 hectares in the heart of the city, with a lake at its centre.
It was designed in the middle of the 19th century by a landscape gardener previously responsible for the Vienna Imperial Gardners. The largest park in Bucharest occupies an area of 187 hectares and was inaugurated in 1936. developed in the north of the city around Herastrau, one of the lakes formed by Colentina River, the park is perfect for a relaxant stroll, a cycle ride, rollerblading or skate-bording, or walk with friends to one of the local terraces. Mogosoaia Palace
The beatiful, red brick palace of Mogosoaia is 14 km of Bucharest. Built at the beginning of the 18th century by prince Constantin Brancoveanu, it is regarded as a masterpiece of a style which combined Venetian and Ottoman elements and came to be known as "Brancovenesc". The work of French architect Albert Galleron, who also designed the National Bank of Romania, the Athenaeum was completed in 1888, financed almost entirely with money donated by the general public. One of the preeminent public fundraising campaigns ever in Romania, the "Give a penny for the Athenaeum" campaign saved the project after the original patrons ran out of funds. With its high dome and Doric columns, the Athenaeum resembles an ancient temple.
The lobby has a beautifully painted ceiling decorated in gold leaf, while curved balconies cascade in ringlets off a spiral staircase. A ring of pink marble columns is linked by flowing arches where elaborate brass lanterns hang like gems from a necklace. Inside the concert hall, voluptuous frescoes cover the ceiling and walls. Renowned worldwide for its outstanding acoustics, it is Bucharest's most prestigious concert hall and home of the Romanian George Enescu Philharmonic. Project Objectives
- Developing creativity, discovery and manifestation of talent in the fields of literature, music, theater, painting, sports;
- Using innate qualities as a basis for education and career choices in life;
- Practicing English and German language in oral and written communication;
- Practising Computer skills;
- Using the talents and skills of children, teachers and parents in a beneficial and enjoyable. Coordinators' meeting in England Mascot competitions Project meeting in Hungary The Romanian winner mascot is a smart and proud creature having eagle wings, owl eyes and parrot crest. His name is Momo. He’s able to conquer all the hearts and to support the campaign of discovering Hidden Talents because he has special power – he is the Romanian children ambassador. MOMO To be Continued... Surrounded by an aura of mystery and legend and perched high atop a 200-foot-high rock, Bran Castle owes its fame to its imposing towers and turrets as well as to the myth created around Bram Stocker's Dracula. Peles Castle Bran Castle Sturdza Castle Cantacuzino Palace Fagaras Castle
The Eastern Carphatians are very best known for the impressive Bicaz Gorges which are famous for their 1000 ft. limestone rocks towering over narrow roads and passes.
The road that slices through the Bicaz Gorges is among Romania's most stunning and spectacular.
Here we can find the legendary Sphinx and "Babele"of the Bucegi Mountains (2200 m altitude) which are some rocks shaped by wind . Moldoveanu Peak Negoiu Peak
Fagaras Castle was built as a fortress in the region of Romania, and the town of Fagaras has grownup around the medieval citadel. The castle withstood sieges and attacks due to the strength of its thick brick walls and deep moat, two of the structure's most notable features.
Today, Fagaras Castle is a museum of archeology and history. Eighty of its rooms are preserved, along with towers and courtyards. Due to its well-preserved state, visitors to the castle are able to envision it in use as a respected Transylvanian stronghold and military outpost. The Cantacuzino Castle, located in the Zamora neighbourhood, from Bușteni, was built in the year of 1911, in a park owned by the prince Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino, also known as ‘Nababu’ (tr.n. the nabob), due to its impressive fortune.
The castle is surrounded by waterfalls, caves and fountains and it is placed among the first class castles from Romania, in terms of architecture. Sturdza Castle in Miclauseni is known under the name of Sturdza Palace and was built in the Neo-Gothic style between the years 1880 and 1904, by Gheorghe Sturza and his wife, Maria.
The castle is placed in the village Miclauseni, at approximately 20 km away from Roman and almost 65 km away from Iasi. Now is practically the property of the Metropolitan Church of Bucovina and Moldova. The monastery Miclauseni, which has been added to the list of historical monuments of Iasi in 2004, is formed from 3 objectives, and between them is the Sturdza Castle, rebuilt in 1752, along with the Church Sf. Voievozi and Buna Vestire, dating from 1787, and the Park with a significant age, dating from the 19th century. Comenius Alley/RO Language