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Romanticism and Transcendentalism
Transcript of Romanticism and Transcendentalism
Romanticism (1800-1860) and Transcendentalism (1840-1860)
Values and Beliefs
Significant Authors and Works
Frederick Douglass - (1845)
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Emily Dickinson - "Within my reach!"
Edgar Allen Poe - (1838)
represent's Poe's evolution in Romanticism through his use of concepts involving the imaginstion and not concentrating on reasoning and factual occurances.
Significant Authors and Works
Ralph Waldo Emerson-
The Dial (1840-1844) , Nature
Henry David Thoreau
Margaret Fuller -
The Great Lawsuit. Man versus Men. Woman versus Women (1843)
Frederick Henry Hedge
Mathew Braverman, Danny Dang, Stephanie Collazo, Kandy Ochaita, Esther Olivia
Values and Beliefs
Genre and Style
Romanticism : The
development of expressive
writing over social issues in ways that were controversial towards common belief within society. (e.g.
"democracy vs. monarchy", "individualism vs. social conformity".
Transcendentalism: The belief that man as nature is inherently good. The belief in an sociable utopia achieved through
I can do Bad All by Myself
during romanticism period many writters wrote short stories, novels, and poery. the poems were strange and fanciful. the were also adventurous myths of great collections of fairy tales and folk poetry.
Shift from faith in reason, to faith in senses, feelings, and imagenaton.
Emphasizes love in nature and the common man.
Idealizes country/rural life rather than urabanization.
Attracted to rebellion and revolution, human rights, and freedom from opression
Believed that people had power in knowledge and itellectual growth which "transcends" or goes beyond common logic.
Wisdom and self-realization are the key to intelleftual growth.
Draws inspiration from something beyond the ordinary or something external from human preception.
Tone: "dreadfully nervous", sad - "Tell-Tale" makes us want to cry. The narrator is so pathetic and is probably physically ill. The narrator seems to have had a pretty bad life, which only gets worse after the murder and subsequent confession. Upon reflection, we realize we've read the story of a man who, plagued by diseases of the body of the mind, is in a near constant state of stress, nerves, and meltdown. Even if he is a murderer, the narrator is a sad figure, and it comes through in the nervous, frantic tone of the story.
The Tell-Tale Heart by: Edgar Allan Poe
1803: Louisiana purchess
1804: The American expidition up the
mississippi and beyond (beginning of
Tensions between the south and north grow.
There is not much in terms of dates for transcendentalisim.
Deter,Floramaria. “Romanticism & The Supernatural in Edgar Allan Poe's Ligeia.” 2014.
Online.10 January 2014. <http://classiclit.about.com/od/poeedgarallan/a/aa_eapoeligeia.htm>
“Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.” 2013. Online. 8 January 2014.
“Poe’s Short Stories.” 2013. Online. 8 January 2014.
Reuben,Paul P. ”PAL: Perspectives in American Literature - A Research and Reference
Guide - An Ongoing Project.” 1975. Online. 8 January
“Romanticism and Edgar Allan Poe.” 2014. Online. 10 January 2014.
Strickland, Dr. Brad. “American Romanticism Overview.” 1997. Online. 8 January 2014.
"The American Romantic Movement: Emily Dickinson.” Online. 8 January 2014.
"Thematic/stylistic elements of Poe." 2012. Online. 10 January 2014
Symbolism/imagery: "the Old Man's Eye" - The old man's eye is blue with a "film" or "veil" covering it. This could be a medical condition, like a corneal ulcer, but symbolically it means that the characters have issues with their "inner vision" – what's commonly known as one's outlook on the world.
Symbolism: "The Watch" - The narrator mentions a "watch" four times in the story. A watch is a visual and auditory representation of time. The watch watches time, and tells tales of time. Time can also be said to be watching death, up ahead in the distance. Each tick of the watch symbolizes a movement closer to the inevitable death that all humans face. Poe presents this subtly in the story's first mention of the watch: "A watch's minute hand moves more quickly than did mine" (4).
The Tell-Tale Heart is a short story written by Edgar Allan Poe, a signifficant author during the era of the Gothic (dark) Romanticism.
The passage exemplifies the era of Romanticism in that during this period there was an increase in valuing feelings and intuition over reason. Also, in this period there was a great interest in fantasy and in the supernatural .
The short story also exemplifies the period in a way through the use of symbolism, dark landscapes, and depressed characters.
He begins the story with the use of irony. In trying to prove to the reader that he is not mad, the narrator admits to having an acute sense of hearing. He states that "I heard all things in the heaven and in the earth. I heard many things in hell." It is ironic that as a means to trying to prove his sanity, he reveals that he hears voices.
"It increased my furry as the beating of a drum stimulates the soldier into courage. " Poe uses a simile to compare the beating of the old man's heart to the beating of a drum before battle. Poe also uses irony in this line because the narrator is comparing his furry to a soldier's courage. The heart beat caused his furry to increase just as a drum beat increases a soldier's courage.
The Dial was a significant work because it was the first American magazine to contain essays of transcendentalism which did not have methods of influence from European transcendentalism.