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Genetically Modified Organisms

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Abbie T

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Genetically Modified Organisms

Also referred to as GMO's, a genetically modified organism is an organism whose DNA has been genetically altered
Their new traits can benefit humans or the organism itself

What is a Genetically Modified Organism?
Genetically Modified Organisms
Common Traits
vegetable and canola oils
anything containing high fructose corn syrup
certain fruits and vegetables
Common Genetically Modified Products
There is much debate over the advantages and disadvantages
Some advantages are...
increased yield
better nutritional value, taste, and quality
less pesticides and herbicides
The Controversy
An even greater debate over GMOs is whether or not GMOs in food products should be labeled or not.
According to polls in the US, a large percentage of consumers want GMOs to be labeled
The Labeling Debate
GMOs are not required to be labeled in the U.S.A.
On the other hand, in most places in Europe GMOs are required to be labeled.
Are GMOs labeled?
In the U.S. regulation of crops is divided between 3 groups
The Environmental Protection agencies(EPA)
The Food and Drug Administration(FDA)
The U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA).
Regulations of GMOs
Non-GMO Project, ed. "GMO Facts." Non GMO Project. NON-GMO PROJECT, 2014. Web.
27 Mar. 2014. <http://www.nongmoproject.org/learn-more/>.

HRF, ed. "Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Foods." Health Research Funding.
HealthResearchFunding.org, 2013. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.

Carrington Colleges Group, ed. "Genetically Modified Food (GMO) – The Good, The
Bad and The Ugly." Carrington. Carrington Colleges Group, Inc, 2014. Web.
27 Mar. 2014. <http://carrington.edu/blog/student-tips/health/

National Geographic Society, ed. "Science and Space." National Geographic.
National Geographic Society, 1996-2009. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.

Davila, April. "Can We Feed Our World without Monsanto?" Our World. United
Nations University, 25 June 2010. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.

Best Drug Rehabilitation, ed. "Organic vs. GMO Foods." Visual.ly. Best Drug
Rehabilitation, 14 Jan. 2013. Web. 27 Mar. 2014. <http://visual.ly/
Works Cited
GMOs have been altered to produce a variety of traits such as....
herbicide resistance
insecticides production
improved nutritional value
drought resistance
By Eric Rice, Conor Luppnow, and Abbie Turrisi
Some disadvantages are...
damage to the environment
lack of economic value
negative effect on public health
GMOs Effects on Health
GMOs were introduced to the food supply in the mid 90s, so the long-term effects have not been studied
Animal testing has found that GMOs may lead to changes in body functions and increased allergies
Works Cited Cont'd
Organic vs GMOs
Organic Products
has to be grown in specific environment
grown with natural fertilizers, weeds and insects are naturally controlled
GMOs have modified DNA
grown using conventional methods
Charles, Dan. "In A Grain Of Golden Rice, A World Of Controversy Over GMO Foods." NPR. NPR. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
Works Cited Cont'd
"TODAY Health." TODAY. Web. 28 Mar. 2014
"GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food." Newport Natural Health GMOs The Pros Cons of Genetically Modified Food Comments. Web. 27 Mar. 2014. <http:/
"GMOs: The Greatest Threat Ever to Humans and Animals." GMOs: The Greatest Threat Ever to Humans and Animals. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Both pose health risks
As of now, organic has not proved to be any more nutritious than genetically modified food
Full transcript