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Transcript of The Beatles
President of USA
1917-1963 Mother Theresa of Calcuta
Founder of the Missionaries of Charity
1910-1997 Simone de Beauvoir
1908-1986 Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
1913-2005 Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Union Premier
1894-1971 Martin Luther King
Civil Rights Leader
1929-1968 Black people gained conscience about being citizens, and they started organizing themselves to reclaim their rights, Both black and white people were separated in public spaces, means of transport and schools. Great rallies and protest meetings were organized, following the concept of "nonviolent fight". Women wanted the same opportunities than men had, specially regarding work issues and sexual freedom. Sexual freedom was a real important issue. Women wanted to be in control of their own bodies. Birth control became a priority among women. Deciding if they wanted to have children and when to have them, made entering into the working world easier for women. Women became an important part of the work force all around the world, and an influence in society. http://www.beatles.com/ The Beatles were a British Rock Band, who worked between 1962 and 1973. They were the most successful band in the 60's, and they are still one of the most important influences in Rock's history. They are the band with more songs in Rolling Stone Magazine's ranking "500 Greatest Songs" and 10 from their 12 studio albums are featured in "500 Greatest Albums", 3 of them in the Top 10 list. 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 Creative differences, their desire to begin their own projects, the distance between them and growing tension between the members of the band, lead to the band's breakup in 1970. The Rooftop Concert Their last public performance was on the Rooftop in the Apple Building. The Break Up After the separation, each Beatle went their own way and had succesful careers. Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison, reunited in mid 90's to record two singles: "Free as a Bird" and "Real Love", based on previous John Lennon's records. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/why-the-beatles-broke-up-the-story-behind-our-cover-20090818 Armed Conflicts Space Race Rock Beginnings In the 60's Bands and Musicians Woodstock Jimi Hendrix Janis Joplin The Rolling Stones The Who Bob Dylan The Doors Elvis Presley Was a British Rock band, that played during the 60's In the band were four members 1940 (Liverpol)-1980 (New York)
Vocalist and rythm guitarrist of the band.
Co-writer of most songs. 1942- (Liverpool)
Bassist player and vocalist.
Co-wrote most of the songs. 1943 (Liverpool)- 2001 (Los Angeles)
Lead guitarrist and vocal for some songs. 1940- (Liverpool)
Vocals in "Yellow Submarine" and "With a Little Help from my Friends" The Beatles released 12 studio albums between 1963 and 1970. 23 of their songs are ranked on Rolling Stone Magazine's "500 Greatest Songs". They are the artists with more songs in the ranking. The albums released in 1963 feature many covers, and they were a success in England. They released their first movie, "A Hard Day's Night", with the songs of the album. In 1965, there are hints of their musical evolution. George Harrison started learning to play the sitar. Their second movie, "Help!" was released, with the songs featured in the album of the same name. Their first experiences with psicodelia and more experimentation with sounds. "Sgt. Pepper" was ranked #1 in Rolling Stone's "500 Greatest Albums".
It is regarded as the first "Conceptual Album", meant to be listened as whole. Drugs use and psicodelic images marked the albums released in 1967. Their spiritual trip to India with the Maharishi inspired them to write many songs that were included in this album. Abbey Road was their last recorded studio album. The "Abbey Road Medley" included many unfinished songs that were written in India. The album "Yellow Submarine" was intended to be a soundtrack for the movie with the same name. Even though it was recorded before "Abbey Road", "Let it Be" was the last album to be released before the official breakup. The tensions and conflicts between the Beatles were the causes of many fights during "Abbey Road" recording sessions. The growing tensions led the group to Their musical evolution can be seen through their Rock is a musical genre, which was born in the 50's. It has many different sub-genres, such as indie rock, punk, rock and roll. Rock music has not an "official" definition, and doesn't have a definite form. Though a rock band normally features a guitar (or two), a set of drums and a bass guitar, it can have more instruments, or less. Rock music was born in the late 1940's and 1950's. The foundations of Rock are in Rock and Roll, which was born in the USA. Rock and Roll is a mixture of various black musical genres, as rythm and blues and gospel, with country and western music. There's a discussion on which was the first Rock and Roll record, and who was the first Rock and Roll musician. Bill Haley, Jackie Brenston, Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, Eddie Fisher and Jerry Lee Lewis are among the ones that are claimed to be the Rock and Roll inventors. There can be a discussion on who was the first Rock and Roll musician, but there's no discussion on who was the most important during the 50's. The King He was young, handsome and a great singer, so he did'n had any problems at charming the whole United States. 1935-1977 His music and his dancing moves made him the most popular singer in his time. Unlike most singers in later years, he cultivated an "All-American" style, so he was liked by almost everybody in the US. Unluckily, his career went down after the 60's, and he ended making movies and concerts in Las Vegas, before dying at age 42. The 50's Rock and Roll influenced most of the artist in later years. Inspired by the Beatles innovations, many young artists began playing their own way, and not following what had been done before. New genres, such as Folk, were mixed with traditional Rock and Roll music. The themes were not only about youthful love and having a good time, but about peace, anti-war feeling and social criticism. Protest songs were born in this time as a reaction to social and international issues going on. Joan Baez, the queen of protest song. Rock music had its greatest moment at 1969 The most important rock festival in the 60's. Artists of the size of Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Santana, Janis Joplin and Jefferson Airplane performed in this festival, which became an icon in rock's and the hippie movement's history. Jimi Hendrix performing in Woodstock. The motto of Woodstock festival was 3 Days of Peace and Music, reflecting the ideals of the hippie movement. The festival attracted many people, specially members of the hippie movement and rock fans. The famous "Star Spangled Banner" (US National Anthem) played by Jimi Hendrix. 1942 (Seattle)-1970 (London) Ranked third in VH1's ranking of Greatest Rock and Roll Artists, behind the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. One of the greatest guitar players in rock's history. His career was short, he only released three albums before he died, at age 27. 1962-
British rock band formed by Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts and Ronnie Wood Former members included Brian Jones (deceased), Ian Stewart (deceased), Mick Taylor, Bill Wayman, Tony Chapman and Dick Taylor. Their song, "(I can't get no) Satisfaction", was ranked #2 in Rolling Stone Magazine's Ranking. 1943-1970 Singer and songwriter. She sung lead vocals in "Big Brother and the Holding Company", and later performed as a solo artist. She died at the age of 27 (As Jimi Hendrix, Rolling Stone's Brian Jones, Jim Morrison and Kurt Cobain (1994, Nirvana) 1964- British rock band, formed in the 60's. They continue playing today, though only two of the original members are alive; Pete Townshend and Roger Daltry. Former members are John Entwistle (bassist, deceased), Keith Moon (drummer, deceased), Kenney Jones (drummer) and Doug Sandom (drummer). With The Beatles and The Rolling Stones, The Who are considered part of the "Holy Trinity" of British Rock. 1941- Singer and songwriter. He began his career in 1961, and continues playing nowadays. He is known for his folk-rock style and his deeply personal lyrics. He is regarded as one of the most important musicians in Rock's history. 1965-1973 American rock band, formed during the 60's, by Jim Morrison, Ray Manzarek, John Densmore and Robby Krieger. After Jim Morrison's death, in 1971, the band released two more albums before disbanding. After the break up, they released "An American Prayer", that featured Jim Morrison poetry recordings. During the 60's were many As the 60's were Rock and Roll's Golden Age, many bands and solo artists began their careers at that time. Expressed in A competition between the US and the USSR, to be the first to "conquer" outer space. The USSR won "the first round", sending the first man (Yuri Gagarin) into space. The US ended up winning the Space Race, sending a group of men to the moon. The first man to step on the moon was american astronaut, Neil Armstrong. Though the Cold War is usually regarded as a conflict without armed conflicts between the countries, there were some indirect conflicts which involved both major world powers. Vietnam War (1955-1975) Was one of the worst conflicts during the Cold War. North Vietnam was supported by the USSR and South Vietnam was supported by the US. In 1962, after some failed efforts from the US to overthrow Cuban goverment, USSR goverment helped Cuba to install nuclear missiles directed to the US. President Kennedy had to face negociations with USSR premier, Nikita Khrushchev. Can be understood considering The sixties were a time of changes, and ideologies. People wanted to be able to express their own opinions and participate in their countries public life. Ideologies and movements had Current Issues Historical Context Youth Movements Their Music Current issues as racial and sexual equality were taken by youth as ideals. Youth wanted the opportunity to express their opinions and ideas. Hippies were caracterized by drugs use and sexual freedom. Hippie communities were founded all around the world. looking for a more natural life style. As peace was one of their goals, most hippies took part in peace rallies and manifestations. Their greatest aspiration was living in peace and in close contact with nature. Hippie Movemnt was a youth movement in the 60's. It began in the US, and quickly spread all around the world. In the late 60's the Beatles became a hippie icon.