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Sexual Health Education

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Steph Masniuk

on 12 November 2015

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Transcript of Sexual Health Education

Sexual health education is...
The teaching of topics surrounding human sexuality
human anatomy
puberty
intercourse
reproduction
sexual safety
healthy vs. unhealthy relationships
sex & gender identity
Encompasses the lifespan approach
Parents' Views on
Sexual Health Education
Sexual Health Education
What is Sexual Health Education?
Catholic Vs. Public School
Sexual Health Education From Parents
Sexual Health Topics by
Grade Level
By: Stephanie Masniuk, Amy Groetelaars, Zoé Chartrand, Madison McMahon & Jennie Wilson
Sexual Health Education in the School System
Sexual Health Education in Emerging Adulthood
Discussion/Activity
”All Canadians, including youth, have a right to the information, motivation/personal insight and skills necessary to prevent negative sexual health outcomes”
Around Canada
Parents and schools should share responsibility for sexual health education
Children's Views on Sexual Health Education
66% of students reported positive sex-talks with parents, while 50% reported not wanting to talk to parents (Byers et al., 2003)
Guidelines that parents
should follow
Quantity
Quality
Should be frequent and ongoing
Should start early
If open conversation is normal, kids are more likely to talk about sexuality as they mature
- 2009, Government of Alberta decided to bring in new legislation to include granting parents right to withdraw their children from classes involving sexuality and sexual orientation
- 2010 Government of BC, for the first time students that were actually wishing to take these courses were required to have parental permission
- 2010 Government of Ontario decided not to apply a new sex education curriculum that would have grade 1's identifying genitalia.
What if parents don't talk about it?
Sends the message that the topic is improper to discuss, question or learn about
Should cover all aspects of sexual health
Parents should answer honestly with CORRECT information
Parents should share their beliefs, concerns and values
Sexual health education at school provides an opportunity for them to engage in conversations with their children about sexuality
14% of boys felt comfortable talking about sex with their fathers or mothers
37% of girls felt comfortable talking to mothers while only 12% felt comfortable talking to fathers (Boyce et al., 2003)
- Fewer than half (49%) of youth who attend religious services on a weekly basis approve of premarital sex.
- Today most Catholic and public schools teach the same sex education curriculum
The sexual health education that parents received when they were young was positively associated with the sexual health education that they provide to their own kids.
Ingredients for effective sexual health

Goal of Sexual Health Education:
Brief History
1960s
- provide class time to achieve the programs objectives
- give teachers the training they need to deliver the program effectively
- tailor the program to the students characteristics
- target the behaviours that lead to negative sexual-health outcomes
- deliver prevention messages that target the settings of sexual limits
- program activities, focus on students social contexts
- skills necessary for students to refuse sexual activity and practice safer sex
- have them practice in the setting of sexual limits, active participation
- evaluate strengths and weaknesses
1970s
1980s
1990s
With the rise of teen pregnancy rates, high sexual activity in youth and the commercialization of birth control, a formalized sexual health education program was developed
Despite being supportive of incorporating sexual health education in schools, parents disagreed with the content being taught
Post-Sexual Revolution
Focus:
Help students recognize the physical changes in human development
Reinforce gender roles and stereotypes
Curriculum alluded to the biological approach to describing puberty
HIV/AIDS Surfaced
More focus on prevention of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted illnesses
Educating students on HIV/AIDS combated negative stereotypes around the disease
Studies in mid 80s found that comprehensive programs had a larger impact on students
Impact of Societal Forces
Discrimination based on gender and sexual orientation was addressed
The establishment of equality and inclusion were found to be essential in creating a safe learning environment
Abstinence was held as "the pinnacle of healthy sexual relationships"
Little discussion about spectrum of sexuality
Grade 1 : identify major body parts and their names
Grade 3: differences that make us all unique, and concepts of same sex families.
Grade 5: describe physical, emotional and interpersonal changes at puberty
Grade 6: identify major parts of reproduction system and their function in regards to puberty
Grade 7: how to prevent unwanted pregnancy, STIs and HIV
Grade 8: develop positive self-image and healthy sexuality
"Knocked Up": Where do babies come from?
Byers et al., 2008
Abstinence
- Abstinence-only education most prevalent in the US
- Studies have shown that this method is ineffective
- 3 levels of abstinence education
Abstinence stressed (Level 3) - Stressing abstinence until marriage
Abstinence promoted (Level 2) - Promote abstinence in teens and talk about contraception is accepted
Abstinence covered (Level 1) - Covers abstinence for teens while also educating about contraception, HIV/STI’s and sex education
Abstinence: no provisions (Level 0) - Sex education that does not specifically mention abstinence
Rathus et al., 2011
- A study done in 2011 showed that the better and more in depth the level of sexual education, the less likely that the teen is to become pregnant



Rathus et al., 2011
Decade of great social change
parents
peers
places of worship
schools
health care systems
governments
the media
Provide people with the knowledge & skills they will need to make decisions that promote positive sexual health
Sex Ed. in Mean Girls
Effective sexual health education needs to emphasize the shared responsibility of:
Canadian Guidelines to Sexual Health Education
Public Health Agency of Canada produced Canadian Guidelines for Sexual Health in 1994 and revised in 2008
-Provides a curriculum to guide professionals who teach sexual health education in Canada
-focuses on prevention of STI's, HIV and unwanted pregnancy
-positive self-image and healthy sexuality
Education for Emerging Adults
Stage between adolescence and adulthood (age 18-25 years)
Time of experimentation and development of self-identity. This includes sexual identity!
Life stage including individuals in many different situations
Sex education is no longer mandatory, it is up to the individual if they want to further educate themselves.

Services and Resources For You
Online!
On Campus!
Sexuality and U
A Canadian website that provides accurate credible and up to date information and education on sexual health.
An initiative of the Society of obstetricians and gynecologists,
Mandate: To provide guidance and advice to help individuals maintain a healthy sexuality.
Provides information specifically for parents, teachers and health care professionals.
Topics include contraception awareness, STI’s, lifestyle choices, talking about sex, sexual diversity and more.

If driver's ed. was taught like sex ed.
Liberal leader Kathleen Wynne Introducing Updated Sex Ed. Curriculum
Proposed Changes as of now:
Grade 3: Teach about homosexuality and same-sex marriages
Grade 6: Discuss puberty, including masturbation
Grade 7: Teach prevention of STIs , including information about oral and anal sex
Provides comprehensive health education and promotion, disease prevention and primary medical care to students.
The dispensary offers prescribed birth control pills and plan B completely covered by the student health and benefit plan.

Student Health Services
The Wellness Centre at U of G
The S.A.R.E Project
Multi-site randomized clinical trial funded by the Canadian institutes of Health Research
Purpose: To test the efficacy of a new sexual assault resistance education program, for young women in their first year of university (Calgary, Guelph and Windsor).
900 women enrolled in the study, randomized into 2 groups
The study is two years in duration and the results will be available in May 2015.

Provides comprehensive health education and promotion, disease prevention and primary medical care to students.
The dispensary offers prescribed birth control pills and plan B completely covered by the student health and benefit plan.

Do you think the liberals are going too far with their proposed changes?
* Curriculum itself has not been released yet
http://globalnews.ca/video/1647982/the-government-of-ontario-wants-to-survey-4000-elementary-school-parents-about-the-new-sex-ed-curriculum
Parents' Petition to Kathleen Wynne
Full transcript