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Framing Shots

Basic Camera Shots

Richard Eales

on 15 November 2016

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Transcript of Framing Shots

Camera and Planning Basics
Standard Shot types...
Task #1
Name that frame!
Why do we use different framing types?
1. First and foremost static, wide framing films fail to make use of the cinematic medium!
- Early films used static, wide framing which resulted in movies being presented in much the same way as a theater goer might see a play.
Different types of shot framing can convey different feelings and emotions from the director to the audiences as well as vital information that helps to tell the story.
Daniel Chandler
A Trip to The Moon (Melies, 1902)
Wide Shot - The basic purpose of the wide shot is to establish geography within a scene HOWEVER it is also a fantastic tool for showing character's separation or isolation.
Close ups are ideal for showing the viewers the internal thoughts and feelings of a particular character, sometimes without the need for dialogue.
The Pianist (Polanski, 2002)
GoodFellas (Scorsese, 1990)
The Good, The Bad and The Ugly (Leone, 1966)
Pulp Fiction (Tarantino, 1994)
Medium Shots and medium close ups are ideal for dialogue driven scenes.
They allow the audience to concentrate on the conversations that are vital to a film narrative with minimal artistic distractions yet emotions can still be conveyed through the actor(s) performance(s).
Mid-Shots and Medium Close-Ups
Close Ups
The Wide Shot!
Learning Outcomes...
By the end of this session you will understand the basics of camera framing.
Identify the uses of different camera techniques in film and TV.
Demonstrate how different camera shots can be used to create meaning.
Know how to set out a storyboard sheet.
Task #3
In small groups storyboard your own scenes!
From this...
Make a story board using 10 to 15 shots...
Mix to...
INT. Low angle (MS) slow tilt up to...
Frame Connector to show flow
Frame/shot number
Editing Notes
direction arrow (tilt-up)
Camera Direction
Camera direction
Camera Angle
Shot Type
Mix to...
INT. Low angle (MS) slow tilt up to...
Frame Connector to show flow
Frame/shot number
Editing Notes
direction arrow (tilt-up)
Camera Direction
Camera direction
Camera Angle
Shot Type
Simple right?
Task #2 - You do it...

Storyboading is a vital part of the planning process for most top directors

It allows them to share their vision with the rest of their crew and gives the camera and editing department a blueprint to follow throughout the production
Our hero sits alone in a dark interrogation room. They struggle for breath as the fading daylight dances through a small, barred window onto their face. Hands tied behind his/her back, (s)he struggles momentarily until the door swings open before him/her. A man strides towards him/her and places (your prop!) down on the table in front between them. They trade steel gazes and our hero acknowledges the item on the table. "Talk" says the man.
You must include the at least one of each of the following shot types:
Extreme close up
Wide shot
Birds eye
Low angle
Eye level
The tri-pod must be static (not moving) for all shots.
We are now going to learn how to storyboard!
"The storyboard for me is the way to visualise the entire movie in advance,"

"They show how I would imagine a scene and how it should move to the next. My storyboards are absolutely essential for my team meetings."
Martin Scorsese.
Canted Angle!
Also know as the 'Dutch Angle' this framing can commonly be seen in horror movies and Danny Boyle films.
The unnatural perspective is a visual cue to the viewer that all is not as it should be!
Twelve Monkeys (1995)
See here for more info -
Storyboards may include some (if not all) of the following
Full transcript