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da/wo compounds

This prezi will explain the compounds
by

David Lovin

on 18 May 2014

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Transcript of da/wo compounds

Using da/wo compounds
As you know, all prepositional phrases have
a preposition and an object.
Er kommt mit dem Buch- He is coming with the book.
Sie rennt aus dem Zimmer- She is running out of the room.
Let's make the object of the preposition a pronoun. Now the sentence
sounds like this: He is coming with it.
The German language has an interesting structure to handle this. They will use
a "da" compound. Simply put "da" in front of the preposition. (here- damit=with it)
and it means "it" or "that". So:
danach means "after it/that"
Kommst du nach der Schule? Ja, ich komme danach.
Sitzt er neben der Wand? Ja, er sitzt daneben.
A couple of things to know. First, these can NEVER be used
to refer to people. Da compounds have to mean it or that, never
him or her. So...
Kommst du mit Mark? Ja, ich komme mit ihm.
Wohnst du neben meinen Eltern?
Ja, ich wohne neben ihnen.
You need to use the correct pronouns for people based
on the case of the preposition.
Also, if the preposition starts with a vowel (aus, an...) put an "r" between
the da and the preposition to make it sound better.
Kommt sie aus dem Zimmer? Ja, sie kommt daraus.
Hängt das Bild an der Wand? Ja, es hängt daran.
Try these: Answer with "ja" and either a compound or pronoun.
Sitzt er vor dem Kühlschrank?
Arbeitet er für seinen Vater?
Bringt er die Bücher für die Schule?
Ja, er sitzt davor
Ja, er arbeitet für ihn.
Ja, er bringt sie(die Bücher) dafür.
Wo compounds work basically the same, they just ask the question "what"
with the preposition.
Wofür?- for what?
Wofür machst du das?--For what are you doing that?

Think of verbs we've learned this year like "sich interessieren für"
(to be interested in). To ask what someone is interested in, you use
the wo compound with the preposition to get "Wofür interessierst
du dich?"
Like the "da" compounds, though, these can't be used with people. You'll need the preposition and either "wen" or "wem" depending on the case of the prep.
Mit wem kamst du zur Party?
Für wen machst du die Arbeit?
The "wofür" basically means "in what". So the sentence means "In what do you interest yourself."
A couple of "wo" compound examples:
Worauf hast du gesessen?- What were you sitting on?
Worauf freust du dich? What are you looking forward to?
Neben wem sass dein Freund heute? Who was your friend sitting next to?
A couple of examples with people:
Mit wem hast du gesprochen? Who were you speaking with?
Try these:
With what? with whom? for whom?
For what? from whom? over what?
For the purposes of this class, we are only going to work with 4 prepositions with wo compounds- womit (with what), wofur (for what), worauf (on what) and woruber (over/about what)
Wofur machst du das?- What are you doing that for?
Woruber sprechen sie?- What are they talking about?
Womit? Mit wem? Fur wen?
Wofur? von wem? woruber?
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