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The Great Gatsby: Chapter 7
Transcript of The Great Gatsby: Chapter 7
"The next day was broiling, almost last, certainly the warmest, of the summer." (Fitzgerald, 114)
Automobiles in the 1920s
Automobiles in the 1920's
With the car industry growing it had a large impact on society. Touring vacations became a lot more popular as people could travel longer distances than before. This gave people tremendous amounts of freedom. Normally people could never travel more than 15 miles by horse. With cars it allowed rural and urban life to coincide. Farmers could easily drive and ship there goods to the city. While others could live on the outskirts of town, while still managing to have a job in the city. Overall the car industry help boost and expand cities while also expanding the economy.
On the hottest day of the summer, Nick, Gatsby, Daisy, Tom and Jordan are having lunch.
They decide to go to town.
Tom, Nick, and Jordan take Gatsby's car; Daisy and Gatsby take Tom's car.
On their way to town, Tom stops by Wilson's garage where Myrtle observes the group.
Tom discovers Wilson is planning to move to West Egg.
Upon the arrival at the Plaza Hotel, Tom and Gatsby argue over Daisy's love.
When Gatsby realizes that Daisy did love Tom, Tom sends Daisy and Gatsby back home in Gatsby's car.
Later when Tom, Nick and Jordan are driving back home they discover Myrtle has been hit.
Tom suspects that it was Gatsby who must have hit her.
Back at Toms house, Nick discovers Gatsby waiting by the bushes to insure nothing will happen to Daisy.
This is when Gatsby reveals the truth about the accident, it was really Daisy who was driving the car.
“Over the ashheaps the giant eyes of Doctor T.J Eckleburg kept their vigil…” (Fitzgerald, 124)
This is an example of pathetic fallacy. Gatsby and Tom are a having heated argument and making subtle jabs from the beginning of the lunch. Finally when they reach the hotel everything erupts. The heat of the day and the scorching temperatures, mirror the emotions of the group. Especially those of Gatsby and Tom. They are both angry and fighting each other. By Fitzgerald making this one of the hottest days of the year he is allowing the reader to make the connection between heat and angry. Overall the literary device used is pathetic fallacy, due to the fact that the environment portrays the emotions of the group.
Throughout the novel Doctor T.J Eckleburg's eyes are often regarded as the eyes of God. This quote can be seen a personification. The bill board is not actually Doctor T.J Eckleburg, but, Fitzgerald gives human attributes to poster. He makes the eyes seem like they are actually watching the characters and acting as a God like figure. Often you can see Nick speaking about the eyes as if an actual person or “God” is watching the different actions of the characters.
"So we drove on toward death through the cooling twilight." (Fitzgerald, 129)
The literary device used here is foreshadowing. This was directly after the fight between Gatsby and Tom broke out. Which ended with Gatsby and Daisy driving home first. As they were driving, Daisy hits and kills Myrtle. By Nick saying they are driving towards death, it foreshadows the death of Myrtle and how they are about to discover the accident. It symbolizes the journey towards Myrtles death scene.
Leading up to the 20's the main use of transportation was through horses. Due to the work of Henry Ford this all changed. Especially with one of his most famous models the Model T. Built in 1908, just ten years later almost half of the cars in America were Model T's. Although when the 1920s approached the sales declined as there was much more competition. Yet this was not the end of Ford. One of the biggest motoring events of 1927 was when Ford came out with the "new ford" named the Model A. What made Ford so successful was due to two things. First, he priced his cars to be affordable as possible. Second, he paid his workers enough so that they could afford the cars themselves.
“I suppose the latest thing is to sit back and let Mr. Nobody from Nowhere make love to your wife. Well, if that’s the idea you can count me out…” (Fitzgerald, 130)
As observed in the previous chapters, Tom can be described as a selfish man, he views his wife Daisy as a possession rather than a blessing in his life. This quote takes place in the Plaza Hotel as a response to Daisy’s attempt to calm him down. It is significant because it further develops Tom as a character, we learn he is both hypocritical and fake, in the sense that he’s bashing “cheaters”. As we know, Tom has a mistress (Myrtle) whom he’s been seeing not only behind his wife Daisy’s back, but his friend Wilson as well. As a person it is immoral to commit adultery, and through his decision to perpetrate it, his character can indeed be viewed as hypocritical and fake.
“You always look so cool.”
In this line, Daisy is referring to Gatsby as cool, which is a fairly positive description. This quote is important because it contrasts the characters of both Gatsby and Tom (whom has been referred to as hot many times in the novel), and it also expresses the love that Daisy has for Gatsby in an “indirect” way. In the early 1920s it was thought that rich people were incapable of saying things directly, everything was ‘implied’ or suggested. This quote also develops Daisy as a character because it portrays her as fearful, as if she was too scared to confess her love to Gatsby in the presence of Tom.
“An Oxford man!” He was incredulous. “Like hell he is! He wears a pink suit.” (Fitzgerald, 122)
This quote develops the theme of Class and Society, while developing Tom as a character as well. This quote develops the theme of Class and Society because in the early 1900s – when Gatsby claims to have attended Oxford – texts were not the only thing students studied, pupils were also educated on how to dress and act in respect to their class, and as observed by Tom, an Oxford student would not wear a pink suit. This quote also develops Tom’s intelligence, his ability to observe and conclude based on facts portrays him as a knowledgeable man.
“She never loved you, do you hear?” he cried. “She only married you because I was poor and she was tired of waiting for me. It was a terrible mistake, but in her heart she never loved any one except me!”
This quote is significant because the reader observes the importance of Daisy’s love to Gatsby. This is said by Gatsby, during his quarrel with Tom. It develops the progressive loss of hope in his ‘American Dream’ (Daisy), because he is attempting to persuade himself that Daisy only loves Tom for his money. Gatsby needs this reassurance because if that is the case, he has hope - he can always obtain money. Furthermore, Gatsby realizes that if Daisy is indeed in love with Tom, he can’t make her stop loving him, and his green light at the end of the dock will burn out.
"Her voice is full of money." (Fitzgerald, 120)
This quote is significant because throughout the novel Fitzgerald highlights the importance of class in the 1920s. Daisy has been portrayed as an attractive women throughout the previous chapters and the connection of her voice to money represents wealth, materialism, power, beauty and class. This quote also portrays the newly found materialism in America. Money is something an individual is born with, from birth they're inseparable, which is why there is a raise in suspicion in regards to Gatsby's money.