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Transcript of JAMES MONROE
•July 23, 1805 - British decide in Essex case that American traders who travel between neutral and enemy ports will allow for the seizing many commercial ships.
•January 25, 1806 - James Madison delivers report concerning British interference and impressment of sailors causing anti-British feelings to arise.
•August, 1806 - American minister James Monroe and envoy William Pinkney are unable to resolve the major problems between the British and Americans concerning commercial shipping and impressment.
•1806 - The British blockade France; American ships are caught in the middle and the British seize approximately 1000 US ships.
•March 1807 - Thomas Jefferson receives the Monroe-Pinkney treaty but does not submit it to Congress because it represents a dismal failure for the Americans.
•January 1813 - Battle of Frenchtown. British and Indian allies repel Kentucky troops in bloody fighting. The American survivors are killed in the Raisin River Massacre.
•April 1813 - Battle of York (Toronto). US troops take control of Great Lakes and burn York.
•September 1813 - Battle of Lake Erie. US forces under Captain Perry defeat a British naval attack.
•October 1813 - Battle of Thames (Ontario, Canada). Tecumseh is killed in a US victory.
•March 27, 1814 - Battle of Horseshoe Bend (Mississippi Territory). Andrew Jackson defeats the Creek Indians.
•1814 - The British plan a 3-part invasion of US: Chesapeake Bay, Lake Champlain, & the mouth of Mississippi River. The British are eventually turned back at Baltimore harbor. [
•August 24-25, 1814 - The British burn Washington, D.C. and Madison flees the White House.
•September 1814 - Battle of Plattsburgh (Lake Champlain). The US secures its northern border with a huge victory over a larger British force.
•December 15,1814 - The Hartford Convention occurs. A group of Federalists discuss secession and propose seven amendments to protect the influence of Northeastern states.
•December 24, 1814 - Treaty of Ghent. The British and American diplomats agree to return to the status quo from before the war.
•January 1815 - Battle of New Orleans. Andrew Jackson scores a huge victory and paves the way to the White House. 700 British are killed, 1400 are wounded. The US only loses 8 soldiers. Timeline of war 1812 "Never did a government commence under auspices so favorable, nor ever was success so complete. If we look to the history of other nations, ancient or modern, we find no example of a growth so rapid, so gigantic, of a people so prosperous and happy." QUOTES FROM JAMES MONROE STILL TODAY MONROE HAVE IMPACTED ON ALOT OF THINGS Events:
1820 - The Missouri Compromise was signed into law during James Monroe's presidency.
1836 - The Siege of the Alamo ended with a massacre of the Alamo's defenders by Mexican troops. James Monroe (1758-1831), the fifth U.S. president, oversaw major westward expansion of the U.S. and strengthened American foreign policy in 1823 with the Monroe Doctrine, a warning to European countries against further colonization and intervention in the Western Hemisphere. Monroe, a Virginia native, fought with the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775-83) then embarked on a long political career. A protégé of Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), Monroe was a delegate to the Continental Congress and served as a U.S. senator, governor of Virginia and minister to France and Great Britain. In 1803, he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the size of the U.S. As president, he acquired Florida, and also dealt with the contentious issue of slavery in new states joining the Union with the 1820 Missouri Compromise. HISTORY OF MONROE www.history.com/topics/james-monroe Monroe served as Secretary of State under James Madison, and when the War of 1812 began going badly, Monroe was named Secretary of War to replace the previous secretary. No replacement for Secretary of State was ever named, however, so Monroe effectively held both offices at the same time - the only person in history to hold two cabinet posts under the same president. When a peace treaty was finally signed,Monroe resigned as Secretary of War and resumed the full-time duties of Secretary of State. FACTS ABOUT MONROE * Monroe was the last U.S. president who still dressed in the 18th century fashion of powdered wigs and knee breeches. He was also the last 2-term president to succeed a 2-term president from his own party. (In fact, no 2-term president succeeded any 2-term president until Bill Clinton and George W. Bush). Monroe is also the last president who was never photographed. Monroe was the first president to deliver an inaugural address outdoors to a public crowd. Monroe is also considered one of the least religious presidents in U.S. history, with no known religious affiliation. Finally, Monroe was the first president to live in the White House when it was actually white (prior to Monroe's presidency, the White House was gray). He died on July 4, 1831, the third president in a row to die on Independence Day. * serene-musings.blogspot.com/.../10-fun-facts-about-james-monroe.ht... Public Service:
• Dates of Presidency: 3/4/1817 - 3/3/1825
• Presidency Number: 5
• Number of Terms: 2
• Why Presidency Ended: End of 2nd term
• Party: Democratic-Republican
• His Vice President(s): Daniel D. Tompkins
• Cabinet Service: Secretary of State (James Madison, 1811-1817), Secretary of War (James Madison, 1814-1815)
• Senator: Virginia (1790-1794)
• Governor of a State: Virginia (1799-1802), Virginia (1811-1811)
• Colonial Government: Virginia Assembly (1782-1783), Continental Congress (1783-1786)
• Other Offices: Minister to France; Special Envoy to Paris; Minister to Great Britain JAMES MONROE PRESIDENTIAL THINGS DID YOU KNOW :
• He agreed to purchase Florida from Spain in 1819.
• He issued the Monroe Doctrine, a policy concerned with both Latin America and the Northwest Territories.
• His presidency was known as "The Era of Good Feelings," despite a serious recession in 1819.
• In the election of 1820, he received all but one vote from the electoral college. www.americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?... James Monroe came to the presidency as one of the most qualified men ever to assume the office. His resume included service in the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress, and the U.S. Senate. Monroe also served as governor of Virginia, filled numerous diplomatic posts, and held two cabinet appointments. His success as a politician was the result of hard work and a steady and thoughtful manner. He was noted for his integrity, frankness, and affable personality, and he impressed those whom he met with his lack of pretension. As President, Monroe saw the country through a transition period in which it turned away from European affairs and toward U.S. domestic issues.
During the negotiations that resulted in the Missouri Compromise, his adroit backstage maneuverings help the country avoid a sectional crisis. His administration had a number of successes in foreign affairs, including the acquisition of Florida, the settlement of boundary issues with Britain, and the fashioning of the Monroe Doctrine. The President's relationship with his secretary of state, John Quincy Adams, was vital in each of these cases. The two men had a respect and admiration for each other that led to a successful working rapport. In fact, Monroe had an ability to assemble great minds and then allow them the freedom to work. Scholars have long regarded his cabinet as an exceptionally strong one. INVENTION , IDEA & IMPACT millercenter.org/president/monroe/essays/biography/9 From 1782-3, he was a member of the Virginia Assembly. He joined the Continental Congress (1783-6). He left to practice law and became a Senator (1790-4). He was sent to France as a Minister (1794-6) and was recalled by Washington. He was elected Virginia Governor (1799-1800; 1811). He was sent in 1803 to negotiate the Louisiana Purchase. He then became minister to Britain (1803-7). He served as Secretary of State (1811-1817) while concurrently holding the post of Secretary of War from 1814-15. JAMES MONROE 'S BEFORE THE PRESIDENY Historical Significance:
Monroe's time in office was known as the "Era of Good Feelings" due to the lack of partisan politics. This was the calm before the storm that would lead to the Civil War. The completion of the Adams-Onis Treaty ended tensions with Spain with their cession of Florida. Two of the most important events though were the Missouri Compromise which attempted to solve potential conflict over free and slave states and the Monroe Doctrine which would affect American foreign policy to this day. JAMES MONROE SIGNIFICANCE EVENTS Events and Accomplishments of James Madison's Presidency:
James Monroe's administration was known as the "Era of Good Feelings." The federalists posed little opposition in the first election and none in the second so no real partisan politics existed.
During his time in office, Monroe had to contend with the First Seminole War (1817-18). When Seminole Indians and escaped slaves raided Georgia from Spanish Florida. Monroe sent Andrew Jackson to rectify the situation. Despite being told not to invade Spanish held Florida, Jackson did and deposed the military governor. This eventually led to the Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) where Spain ceded Florida to the United States. It also left all of Texas under Spanish control.
In 1819, America entered its first economic depression (at that time called a Panic). This lasted until 1821. Monroe made some moves to try and alleviate the effects of the depression.
Two major developments during Monroe's presidency were the Missouri Compromise (1820) and the Monroe Doctrine (1823). The Missouri Compromise admitted Missouri into the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. It also provided that the rest of the Louisiana Purchase above latitude 36 degrees 30 minutes was to be free.
T Adams, John Quincy. The Lives of James Madison and James Monroe. Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co., 1850.
Ammon, Harry. “Agricola versus Aristides: James Monroe, John Marshall, and the Genet Affair in Virginia.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 74 (July 1966): 312-20.
___. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1971.
___, ed. James Monroe: A Bibliography. Westport, CT: Meckler, 1991.
Berkeley, Edmund, and Dorothy Smith Berkeley. “ ‘The Piece Left Behind’: Monroe’s Authorship of a Political Pamphlet Revealed.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 75 (April 1967): 174-80.
Brown, Stuart Gerry, ed. The Autobiography of James Monroe. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1959.
Cresson, W.P. James Monroe. 1946. Reprint. Norwalk, CT: Easton Press, 1986. BIBLILOGY OF MONROE JAMES MONROE BIOGRAPHY The James Monroe Presidential Dollar was released on February 14, 2008. This was the fifth coin released for the Presidential Dollar series and the first coin released for the year 2008. The official launch ceremony was held at Ash Lawn-Highland in Charlottesville, Virginia. Dan Shaver, the Acting Deputy Director of the United States Mint, Carolyn Coggin Holmes, Ash Lawn-Highland Executive Director, and G. William Thomas, President of the James Monroe Memorial Foundation, were in attendance.
The obverse of the coin was designed and sculpted by Joseph Menna. It features a portrait of James Monroe and the inscriptions "James Monroe," "5th President," and the years of his presidential term "1817-1825".
The reverse of the coin carries a rendition of the Statue of Liberty designed and sculpted by Don Everhart. This is used as the common reverse design for the entire series. The inscriptions read "United States of America" and the denomination "$1".
The coin has edge lettering which includes the mottoes "In God We Trust" and "E Pluribus Unum" and the date and mint mark of the coin.
The Philadelphia mint produced 64,260,000 coins. The Denver mint produced 60,230,000 coins. This marked the fourth consecutive decline in production following declines for Adams, Jefferson, and Madison from each prior production figure. JAMES COIN INFORMATION http://0.tqn.com/d/coins/1/7/P/9/-/-/James_Monroe_Presidential_Dollar_500.jpg http://www.history.com/topics/james-monroe/videos#monroe-era-of-good-feelings To watch James Monroe please enter this website