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Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism

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Fay Shen

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism

Lutheranism, Calvinism,
and Anglicanism By Fay Shen
Period 4-5 Lutheranism Lutheranism Cont. Lutheranism Cont. Calvinism Calvinism Cont. Lutheranism Cont. Calvinism Cont. First major Protestant sect
Began in Germany in 1521 after Martin Luther was excommunicated
Luther was Catholic priest and scholar
He taught scripture and theology
He was condemned by the church so he started Lutheranism
Disagreed with Catholic church
Believed that people couldn’t earn salvation
Salvation was God’s gift to them
Their sins were taken away by Jesus Christ if they believed in him
No one had authority over anyone
The Bible was the only true religious guide
They combined their own practices with Catholic ones
Luther wrote hymns for his followers to sing
Their prayers were written and spoken in German instead of Latin
They only had two sacraments: baptism and the Eucharist
Those were the only two sacraments clearly named in the Bible
They had strict rules on how to live
Luther preached mostly about building strong families and discipline
Fathers should teach their children to pray before meals and bed
Women should get married and have as many children possible
Lutheranism ministers were allowed to marry
Founded by John Calvin
He was a French humanist
He did most of his work in Geneva, Switzerland
He took over the reformation of a church in 1543
He wanted to turn Geneva in to a Christian state
They had the same thoughts as Lutheranism about salvation
They believed that God chose certain people to be saved
Anyone that God didn’t choose would go to hell
They believed that God knew who would be saved from the beginning of time
God chose them according to their behavior
People who followed their rules would most likely get chosen
Singing, dancing, playing cards, and wearing fancy clothing were all forbidden
Believed that God controlled everything
Believed that the Bible was the only source of religious guidance
They made laws from the Bible
Their religious rules became the law of the government
Sinning was considered a crime
They were first punished by Calvinist clergy then by the local court
Blasphemy, a crime which someone disrespects God, were punished harshly
Calvinism Cont. They attended services up to five times a week
Their services lasted hours
They taught how to live according to the Bible
Everyone had to attend services
Their churches were very
Women and children sat apart from the men
The Preacher preached from a pulpit
Children had to be ready to answer any question the minister were to ask them
If they didn’t answer correctly they would bring shame or even punishment
They had the same rituals as Lutheranism: baptism and the Eucharist, which they called Communion
The songs that they sang were verses from the Bible that were set to popular tunes
Calvinism Cont. They believed that each community should be governed by God through religious leaders
They tried to build communities where church and state were united
They had strict laws based on the Bible
They had to name babies Christian names from the bible
People who stay at ins had to be in bed by 9:00
They weren’t allowed to swear, dance, play cards, or insult any of the guests at the inn
Anglicanism King Henry VIII founded it in 1534
He didn’t want to share his power with anyone
He also wanted to marry another woman but the church wouldn’t let him divorce
He made himself the head of the churchIt blended Catholicism and Protestantism
Anglicanism Cont. They based their beliefs on how their monarch interpreted the Bible
The Archbishop of Canterbury would help the monarch
Other clergy helped spread the monarch’s ideas
Anglicanism Cont. They had two types of services
The High Church service was like the Catholic Mass, which was very formal
The Low Church service was like the Lutheran service
All of their services were held in old Catholic churches
They only had two sacraments; Baptism and the Eucharist
The official prayer book was published under King Edward VI
It was called Book of Common Prayer
It had prayers in English that most people could do on a daily basis
In the early 1600’s King James had the Bible translated into English
Anglicanism Cont. Their communities varied depending on their class
High Church communities were mostly made of wealthy people
Low Church communities were mostly made of workers
Queen Elizabeth I, who was King Henry VIII’s daughter, said that no one had to practice a specific type of Anglicanism
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