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Transcript of Andrew Johnson
President Andrew Johnson was chosen by me for his significant role in the rebuilding of America and its S
southern states after the nation's bloodiest war in history. However he isn't the most well-known president in history, but Johnson is an example to be looked at by later presidents when faced with discrimination as a leader and how the commander and chief should conduct his duties in the benefit of their people.
Johnson's Early Life
Born December 29, 1808 in Raleigh, NC, Andrew Johnson's father died when he was three, him, his mother (Mary "Polly" McDonough Johnson), and brother (William Johnson) lived in poverty.
Lincoln & Johnson Adminastration
On Febuary 9th, 1861 Tennessee seceeded from the Union but Johnson was the only Southern Senator to mantain his seat on the Senate.
His Polictical Carrer
His Stepfather apprenticed him and his brother at a local tailor shop where they experienced prejudice from the higher classes and developed a white-supremacist attitude.
Under their work contraints the two ran away to avoid being returned to itinerate tailors. But they soon returned home and the family moved to Greeneville, Tennessee.
Soon Johnson established himself as a sccuessful tailor and married Eliza McCardle in 1827. She encourged her husband to self-education and counseled him on business investments.
Andrew Johnson's Tailor Shop. 1830s. Nation Park Service, Greenville, Tennessee. Web. 3 July 2015. <http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/presidents/andrew_johnson_nhs.html
Andrew Johnson and Eliza Johnson. 1851. Greenville, Tennessee. Web. 3 July 2015. <http://www.historybyzim.com/2014/02/andew-johnson-no-schooling/>.
Andrew Johnson's tailor shop Greenville, TN (1830s)
Eliza McCardle and Andrew Johnson (1851)
As a tailor, Johnson's shop bacame a haven for dicussion. He earned the support of the working class becoming advocate.
In 1835, Johnson was elected to the Tennessee state legislature. He believed strongly with Democratic policies of Andrew Jackson.
Andrew Johnson was later elected as the first Tennessee Democrat to the U.S. States Congress in 1843. Ten years later he serverd two terms as Tennessee's governor.
Breifly considering running for presidency Johnson instead drove twoard a seat on the U.S. Senate and was elected in 1856.
As his home state was occupied by the union during the war Lincoln appointed Johnson as military governor.
The closer the presidencail election became in 1864 Lincoln, concerned of his reelection odds, asked Johnson to be his vice president. His relations with the democratic party equaled the democratic vote for lincoln and the two were elected.
On April 14, 1865 Lincoln was assinated while attending a play at Ford's theater. The radical grope had plans of assniating Johnson the same night but never did. The Next morning President Johnson was sworn into office.
After the Civil War, as the 17th President of the United States Johnson dealt with rebuliding the polictal relations between the north and south but also the nation as a whole.
But as a southern racist, admendments formally passed by congress like the 13th giving slaves their freedom didn't sit well with Johnson.
When congress attempted to pass acts such as the Freedman's Bureau bill giving essentials for former slaves and protection of their rights in court and the Civil rights act reconizing blacks citizenship Johnson almost immediately voted both bills.
With Johnson's abruptness in reconstruction Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act, dening the president power to remove federal officals from office without senate aproval.
The Purchase of Alaska
Baker, Joseph E. "The "rail Splitter" at Work Repairing the Union." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 July 2015. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2008661827/>.
King & Beird, Printers, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1864. "National Union ticket. For President Abraham Lincoln. For Vice President Andrew Johnson. [Campaign ticket]". Library of Congrss. https://www.loc.gov/item/scsm000744/
Cartoon print shows Vice President Andrew Johnson sitting atop the globe, attempting to stitch together the map of the United States with needle and thread. Abraham Lincoln using a split rail to position the globe. Johnson warns, "Take it quietly Uncle Abe and I will draw it closwer than ever." While Lincoln commends him, "A few more stitches Andy and the good old Union will be mended."
President Abraham Lincoln and Vice President ndrew Johnson Campain ticket
The purchase of Alaska maked the end of Russian expanison in North america and a huge leap forward in the western expansion of the U.S.. Russia didn't have the resources to sustain their settlement their and by selling Alaska to the U.S. off-setting power in the Pacific with Great Britian.
The purchase was originally offered in 1859 but was delayed due to the American Civil war and was later forgotten. Until 1867 William Seward renewed the offer with the Russian Minister in Washington, Edouard de Stoeckl, agreeing to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million.
The Senate approved the treaty of purchase on April 9; President Andrew Johnson signed the treaty on May 28, and Alaska was formally transferred to the United States on October 18, 1867. This purchase ended Russia’s presence in North America and ensured U.S. access to the Pacific northern rim.
The Treaty of Cession
William Seward and
Edouard de Stoeckl dicussion the purchase.
On February 24, 1868 the House Representatives voted in favor 127 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson for his violation of the Tenure of Office Act. While Congress was out of cession Johnson suspended Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, the only memeber of Johnson's Cabinet that favored republican Reconstruction Acts. He was replaced by General Ulysses S. Grant hoping to challenge the constitutionality of the Tenure of Office Act.
Johnson's trial began on March 4th and continued for 11 grueling weeks. During that time Johnson impressed congress with his good behavior and promise to reinforce reconstruction policies. On May 16, 1868, President Johnson escaped removal from office by just one vote. After his return to office he continued vetoing bills but were always overridden by Congress until the end of his term.
Davis, Theodore R. Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson. 1868. Washington D.C. Library of Congress. Web. 5 July 2015. <https://www.loc.gov/item/96521681/>.
President Andrew Johnson was a significant figure the House of Representatives first attempt in impeaching a president. Purchasing Alaska giving the U.S. power over the Northern Pacific. And acting as examples on how not to be commander and chief of a Nation. Though he didn't contribute much in the reconstruction era of his Presidency, he proved to the loyallty of a U.S. senator to his nation even in such a division as the Civil War.