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Megan P

on 11 September 2013

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Transcript of Malala Yousafzai (THIS IS PRESENTATION ONE)

1 girl, 1000s of voices
What happened?
1 in 4 primary school children in Pakistan, 5 million in total, are out of school. Around half of the children that have the opportunity to be in school drop out before the end of grade 3.
What articles does Malala's attack breach and why?
Article 2
2.Don’t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.
Article 3
Article 19
Malala Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai is a women’s and children’s educational rights activist who was shot on her school bus on October 9th 2012 by the Taliban because of her defiance against their rulings. She was shot on the left side of her head, with the bullet grazing her brain leaving her in a critical condition
This case breaches 7 of the 30 human rights stated on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
These are:
Article 1
26. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn.
1.We Are All Born Free & Equal. We should all be treated in the same way.

3. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety.
19. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.

20. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t want to.
Article 20
22. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on, and medical help if we are ill or old.
Article 22
Article 26
How this event occurred
On October 9th 2012 at the age of 15, Malala Yousafzai suffered an attack by unidentified men. It was later revealed that these men belonged to the Taliban.
Malala was shot in the head, a bullet barely missing her brain and entering her shoulder, leaving her in a critical condition.
Even though the Taliban threaten to continue their attempts to assassinate Malala, she says she will return to Pakistan and continue her fight for women’s education.
Why this event occurred
The Taliban is the major reason why so many girls do not receive an education and this is what led to Malala’s fight for equal education.
Malala knew that under Talibans rule, girls’ education would continue to suffer. However, her opinion and defiance against the Taliban is what ,ultimately, led to her being shot.
The Taliban also believed that her writings were provocative and were against the Islamic system which they were trying to establish.
Short term effects
Malala was shot in the head, almost killing her. She was flown to The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and had a craniotomy performed on her- this is where a part of her skull was removed in order to remove the bullet and relieve swelling- this was a five hour operation.
In order to perform the craniotomy the surgeons had to shave half of her head

Long term effects
Physical long term effects on Malala
· She has a weakness on the left side of her face
· Malala has lost a significant amount of hearing in her left ear and is required to wear a cochlear implant.
· She will always have scars from the surgery and the shooting.
· The missing portion of her skull was implanted in her abdomen in case it is needed to repair her skull in the future.
Emotional long term effects on Malala
· The constant fear of being attacked again by the Taliban.
· Severe memories of the event and seeing her friends hurt.
· The feeling of guilt that she was the reason that her friends were shot.
Social impacts on Malala
· Malala was forced to leave Pakistan due to all the death threats, which meant that she has had to leave friends and family and settle in an entirely new country

The Malala Yousafzai case
Response by an individual
“Dear sisters and brothers, I am not against anyone. Neither am I here to speak in terms of personal revenge against the Taliban or any other terrorists group. I am here to speak up for the right of education of every child. I want education for the sons and the daughters of all the extremists especially the Taliban.."

This is an exert out of Malala's speech to the UN on her 16th Birthday, 12 July 2013. After she was shot.

Role of the Media
The media played a huge part in this human rights violation.
People were shocked that this kind of thing would happen to a young innocent woman just standing up for what was right.
The media has helped her story to be heard. It has reached most of the Western world where our morals are different and it helps us to be able to understand how terrible the living conditions are in Pakistan.
Malala has gained thousands of advocates around the world, all fighting for the same cause- the right to education and equality.
More people have become aware and understanding of refugees and the terror that Pakistani woman face every day.
The story of her strength has encouraged many women in her country to take action and to fight for their rights.

Girls education in Pakistan
The Taliban began their uprising in Pakistan in 2009.
Hundreds of girls' schools were destroyed and even when the schools were reopened, the number of students had dropped dramatically
Shazia, one of Malala friends was shot in the neck and arm which led to her spending a month in hospital in order to recover.
Malala's family’s safety is also an issue as they are in danger as well if they return.
Whilst Malala made her recovery her family stayed with her in Britain, this meant leaving Pakistan for that period of time.
Malala’s father owned an all-girls school which was threatened by the Taliban because of Malala's defiance.
Long term effects on others:
This speech is Malala’s response to her attack. Instead of being afraid and backing off, she spoke out.
It states here, that she feels no remorse or hatred towards anyone and is using her experience to be the bigger person and her passion to communicate her message around the world.
It is her own government that will be the change of education that will change the country's youth and therefore the country's future.
Effects on the global community
The short term effects on the global community sparked as the shock and appall of the attack on Malala went viral.

This incident also alerted people to the topic of girls education, and how this terrible crime could have been committed.

July 12th, 2013 was Malala Day. To celebrate Malala day, the global community came together to highlight the leading role that youth can play in enabling children to have a proper education.

A long term effect from this attack on the global community is the action being taken by international youth leaders around the world. The plan which is apart of the 'Global Education First Initiative' is to support reaching the goal of having all children, in particular girls, in schools and learning by 2015.

The world is now also more aware of the bleak situation in Pakistan and so more people are willing to help.
· "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights." Welcome to the United Nations: It's Your World. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Aug. 2013. <http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/>.
· "Malala." attack on malala. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2013. www.globaleducationfirst.org/malaladay.html> .
· "some of the restrictions imposed by Taliban in Afghanistan." Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA). N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.rawa.org/rules.htm>.
· "Malala Yousafzai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malala_Yousafzai>.
· "Malala Yousafzai receives International Children's Peace Prize 2013 - News Oneindia." India News, Breaking News, Latest News Headlines, Live & Current News Alerts, Business, Sports, Politics - Oneindia News . N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://news.oneindia.in/2013/08/27/malala-yousafzai-receives-international-children-peace-prize-1292945.html>.
· Rochon, Nicolas. " Malala Yousafzai and the fight for young girls' right to education — The International." The International. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.theinternational.org/articles/447-malala-yousafzai-and-the-fight-for-young>.
· "The Malala Effect: Pakistanis Are Angry, Want to Finish Off the Taliban - Abubakar Siddique - The Atlantic." The Atlantic — News and analysis on politics, business, culture, technology, national, international, and life – TheAtlantic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/10/the-malala-effect-pakistanis-are-angry-want-to-finish-off-the-taliban/263777/>.
· "The story of Malala's friend: Brightening girls' lives with education - CNN.com." CNN.com International - Breaking, World, Business, Sports, Entertainment and Video News. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://edition.cnn.com/2013/07/01/opinion/shazia-gordon-brown>.
· Speech." Malala. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2013. https://secure.aworldatschool.org/page/content/the-text-of-malala-yousafzais-speech-at-the-united-nations/.
· "Who is Malala Yousafzai? | NDTV.com." NDTV.com: India, Business, Bollywood, Cricket, Video and Breaking News. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.ndtv.com/article/people/who-is-malala-yousafzai-287372>.
By Megan, Shaylee, Kate and Jess
Full transcript