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01_TO BE_PRESENT

Verb "to be" in present
by

Edgar Gómez

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of 01_TO BE_PRESENT

English Summary
Verb to be
I
am
you
are
he
is
she
is
it
is
we
are
you
are
they
are

Age
How old
are you?
I
'm
35963 (
years old
)
Existence
There is
a TV in the classroom

There aren't any
monsters in the classroom


Are there any
tables in the classroom?
Yes,
there are some
tables in the classroom
How many
table
s
are there?
There are
6 tables in the classroom

Are there any monsters in the classroom?
No,
there aren't any
monsters in the classroom

Is there an
elephant in the classroom?
No, there isn't an
elephant in the classroom
Origin
Nationality
I 'm
Mexican
You're
Portuguese
He's not
Chinese
She isn't
German
It is
American
We aren't
Italian
They're not
French

Tips abut Nationality:
Capital letters:
M
exican
Don't pluralize (not yet): They are Mexican /
Not Mexicans
Don't confuse nationalities with countries:
France vs French
Singular
(?) Is there a/any______
(-) No, there isn't a/any_____
(+) Yes, there is a ______
Plural
(?) Are there any_______s?
(-) No, there aren't any ______s
(+) Yes, there are some/# _____s

How many _____s are there?
There are # _____s
I
am
not
you
are
not
he
is
not
she
is
not
it
is
not
we
are
not
you
are
not
they
are
not
Negative form
I'm
not
you
aren't
he
isn't
she
isn't
it
isn't
we
aren't
you
aren't
they
aren't
Negative contraction
I
'm
you
're
he
's
she
's
it
's
we
're
you
're
they
're
Affirmative contraction
I 'm
from

Mexico
You're
from

Portugal
He's not
from

China
She isn't
from

Germany
It is
from

The United States
We aren't
from

Italy
They're not
from

France

Tips on origin:
The names of the country are in
CAPITAL LETTERS
not small caps
Don´t confuse nacionalities (
French
) with origin (
France
)
Interrogative, affirmative, negative
Are
you
from
France?

No, I'm
not from
France

Where
are you
from
?

I
'm from
Italy
+ - ?
Are they
Greek
?
No,
they aren't
greek
What nationality
are they
?
They're
Turkish
Tips on questions:
INVERSION
: The basic rule to ask questions in English
They are Méxican (+)
Are they Mexican (?)
Don't use
question mark at the beginning (
¿
)
Two kinds
of questions:
Yes/No questions
Are you Mexican?
These questions start with to be or an auxiliary (do, does, did, have, will, etc.)
The answer to these questions can only be yes/no.
The answer to these questions can be ilimited (never yes/no).
These questions start with a question word:
What nationality is he?
Open questions
What nationality
What
When
Where
Why
How
How often
Which
How long
Where_____from?
What kind of (noun)

Question Words
How old is she?
She's 15 (years old)
Tips:
Don't use have as in spanish
I have 18 years old
"Years old" is optional
But you cannot just say "years"
I'm 10.
OK
I'm 10 years old.
OK
I'm 10 years
Time
What time is it?
Tips:
The subject is always
it
. In spanish there is no subject
The time is always
singular
It is OK to also say "it's five fortifive" (5:45), "it's two thirty" (2:30), etc.
Identification
This
is

a
ball

These
are
balls

That

is

a
ball

Those

are
balls
this/that
vs
it
Is
this
a pen?
No,
it

isn't
a pen
What
is

it
?
It
's
a pencil
Is he
tall
?
Yes, he is
tall

Is he
lazy
?
No, he isn't
lazy
Vocabuylary
Adjectives
In English, adjectives are always singular:
They are talls They are tall (OK)
There are adjectives for:
Physical description
:
tall, short, fat, etc.
The question for physical description is:
What does he look like?
Personality
:
lazy, intelligent, grumpy, etc.
The question for personality is:
What is he like?
Description
6:00
it's 6
o'clock
6:15
it's
quarter past
six
6:30

it's
half past
six
6:40

it's twenty
to
seven
these/those
vs
they
Are
these
pens?
No,
they
aren
't
pens
What are
they
?
They
are pencils
Articles
Singular
a + consonant SOUND

a
h
otel

/j/
a
m
ap
a
u
nicorn

/yu/

an + vowel SOUND
an
h
our

/a/
an
u
mbrella

/o/

1
one
h
our
Plural
No article:
There is... +
There are... + +
some

2, 3, etc.
hotels
maps
unicorns
hours
umbrellas
Indefinite articles
Singular and Plural
THE
Definite articles
You are not talking about any specific object
You are talking about a specific object
There
is the
boy I was telling you about (not any boy; that specific boy).
Those
are the
paintings I like.
a(n) vs the
When you are talking about a specific object:
I want to see
the
film that talks about love.
I like
the
girl in red.
When you mention an object for the second time:
Yesterday I saw
a
boy;
the
boy was tall and mysterious.
When the listener knows what your are talking about:
Can you close
the
door, please? (it's obvious what door).
When there is only one:
The
Tween Towers
The
Eiffel Tower
When you are talking about a singular object, but not a specific one:
Can you lend me
a
pen?
(any pen)

I need to take
a

break
(any break)
THE
A/AN
When you are talking about things in general:
I like pop music
(
not
the pop
music
, like in Spanish: Me gusta LA música pop)
Men love technology
(
not
the technology

like in Spanish: A LOS hombres les encanta la tecnología)
NO ARTICLE
Location
Are you
in
the kitchen?
No, I'm not
in
the kitchen.
Where are you?
I am
in
the bedroom

Prepositions
I am
in the




at the




at
Places inside another place
kitchen
bathroom
bedroom
livingroom
studio
General places outside
bank
hotel
museum
stadium
Places with no prepositon
home
work
hospital
church
Prepositons of places
Prepositons of location in relation to other objects
The ball is
the box
Quantity expressions
They are used to express the quantity of a certain object
Countable Nouns
Nouns that you
can
count
Singular
a
banana
an
apple
one
apple

any
apple
banana
Yes, there
is
No, there
isn't
Is
there
any
banana / apple here?
They can be
singular
(one apple) or
plural
(two apples):
?
+
-
Plural
a lot of
bananas
many
apples
some
apple
a few
apple

any
apples
bananas
Yes, there
are
No, there
aren't
Are
there

any
banana
s
/ apple
s
?
+
-
Uncountable Nouns
Nouns that you
cannot
count
Singular
a lot of
plenty of
some
a little

any
much
Yes, there
is
No, there
isn't
Is
there
any
milk?
They are only used in
singular
:
?
+
-
baggage
equipment
food
fruit
furniture
garbage
WHOLE GROUPS MADE UP
OF SIMILAR ITEMS:
hardware
jewelry
money/cash/change
traffic
makeup
luggage
junk
water
coffee
tea
milk
oil
soup
FLUIDS:
gasoline
blood
beer
wine
pulque
ice
bread
butter
cheese
meat
gold
SOLIDS:
iron
silver
glass
paper
wood
cotton
steam
air
oxygen
nitrogen
smoke
smog
pollution
GASES:
rice
chalk
corn
dirt
dust
flour
sugar
PARTICLES:
grass
hair
pepper
salt
sand
cotton
wheat
beauty
courage
education
happiness
health
hospitality
music
knowledge
violence
wealth
ABSTRACTIONS:
time
space
energy

grammar
slang
vocabulary
Arabic
Chinese
English
LANGUAGES:
chemistry
engineering
history
literature
mathematics
physics
psychology
FIELDS OF STUDY:

Physic
s


is
easy
Mahtematic
s

weather
fog
heat
hail
heat
humidity
lighming
rain
snow
NATURAL PHENOMENA:
wind
darkness
light
sunshine
fire
gravity
baseball
soccer
tennis
chess
baseball
soccer
tennis
chess
RECREATION:
swimming
studying
driving
walking
ACTIVITlES:
milk
Exact quantity
one
apple / banana
a(an)
apple / banana
one box of
apples / bananas
There
is
There
aren't any
(bananas)
How many
banana
s
/ apple
s

are there
here?
There
are
two
apples / bananas

two boxes of
apples / bananas
jar
glass
box
bag
kilo
bunch
jar
s
glass
es
box
es
bag
s
kilo
s
bunch
es
2, 3...
of
of
Exact quantity
one
milk
a(an)
apple / banana
one gallon of
milk / bananas
There
is
There
isn't any
(milk)
How much
milk
is
there
here?
There
are
two
milk
s

two boxes of
milk
jar
glass
box
bag
kilo
bunch
jar
s
glass
es
box
es
bag
s
kilo
s
bunch
es
2, 3...
of
of
one
the verb "to be"
Present
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