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New England Colonies

Life in the New England colonies, emigration of Pilgrims and Puritans
by

Stacey Baker

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of New England Colonies

What was the New England economy based on?
How were the Puritans & Pilgrims different?
How did the ties between the church (religion) and the state (government) help Massachusetts?
How did the ties between the church (religion) and the state (government) hurt Massachusetts? Massachusetts Bay Colony: laws required parents to educate children
Want children to be able to read the Bible (used New England Primer) Education in the Colonies Forests for material & export lumber
As trade grows, need for high-quality vessels grows Locally and overseas
Furs, pickled beef, pork
Gave NE Colonies Wealth & power Economy The New England colonies Did not happen because of persecution out of England

Dover, Portsmouth, Exeter –first settlements 1623 Captain John Mason
Establish a fishing colony in at the mouth of the Piscataqua River. Left MA and created Providence
Separation of church from the state
Religious tolerance Roger Williams
Disagreed with MA leadership
Criticized General Court More democratic government than MA

Men who were not members of the church could also vote Court forced her out of the colony
Helped found Portsmouth, RI Created General Court to help run colony
Towns sent 2-3 delegates to the court
John Winthrop = colony’s 1st governor Only male members of the church could vote Church members very powerful in government 40,000 Puritans move to colonies
Puritans and merchants create the Massachusetts Bay Company Women had legal rights to sign contracts
Widows could own property Farmers in poor farmland
Family taught children to read Squanto
taught pilgrims to fertilize the soil with fish remains
Helped relations with Wampanaog Indians
53 Pilgrims (left) celebrated harvest with the Wampanaog Samoset: gave pilgrims information about the people of the area Built Plymouth colony through harsh winter
Half die from freezing/sickness 2 months of rough seas
Late 1620
Land at Plymouth Rock Massachusetts Agreed to fair laws for the general good
One of the first attempts of
self-government Permission from England to settle in Virginia
9/16/1920 The Mayflower leaves England Happy for religious freedom

Not happy about Dutch culture

Pilgrims leave Europe Escaped to Netherlands on Speedwell
Immigrants: people who leave the country of their birth to live in another country. Wanted to separate completely from the Church of England
Prosecuted by the Church Wanted to purify (reform) the church Protestant group
Against the Church of England
Too much power over members GROUPS From Puritans
to Public school The New England Colonies 1636: John Harvard = Harvard College (1st college in the colonies)
1647: MA General Court ordered that a school be founded in every town of 50 families
1700: 70% of men and 45% of women could read and write Cod, mackerel, halibut
Export dried fish
Whale hunting for oil 1690s Salem, MA
Community forms special court to judge witchcraft cases
19 people put to death before trials were over Salem Witch Trials Nurse & midwife
Said that people’s relationship with God did not need help from ministers
Put on trial for her views Anne Hutchinson 1620s in England = suffering economy
Charles I raised taxes
Puritans punished for critiquing church Puritans leave England Pilgrim Review Family = center of life
Religion
Health care
Well-being From local Native Americans 11/21/1620 Brought livestock and tools
Traded with Plymouth colony
1691: Mass Bay colony also included Plymouth colony PURITANS PILGRIMS Life in the Plymouth Colony Cook all meals
spun/wove wool
made soap & butter
carried water
cared for livestock 1630:
John Winthrop leads pilgrims to Massachusetts for religious freedom
Build an “ideal Christian community” Government
&
Religion 1639: founded by
minister Thomas Hooker Harsh climate
Rocky, thin soil
Few cash crops
Some slavery, not dependent TRADE Fishing Industry Shipbuilding Skilled trades:
Blacksmithing
Weaving
Shipbuilding
Printing
Apprentices: lived with masters to learn trades
Journeymen: traveled & learned new skills THINK!
Full transcript