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19th Century Education Reform
Transcript of 19th Century Education Reform
What were the goals of the Education Reform?
To make sure that every child has a chance to go to school and get an education. In the 19th century, many kids worked in factories and in the fields rather than get an education.
Adolescent women who like math are more confident about their appearance than are all adolescent men, whether or not they like math (and more than adolescent women who do not like math). And young women who like math and science worry less about others liking them.
What was education like before the movement?
Before the Education Reform, only wealthy white familes could send their children to school. While African-American children were allowed to attend some schools, most African-American familes could not afford to school their children. Most girls did not get the chance to go to school because they were needed to do chores around the house.
There were 3 main types of schools before the reform:
1. One room school houses: these schools consisted of a single room where children of all ages learned.
2. Dame schools: lower income familes often sent (or ran their own) dame school. These are schools tought by housewives in the living room of regular homes.
3. Boarding schools: only the richest of the rich could send their children to boarding schools. Students lived at the school and received a high quality education
Who were the main people involved in the movement?
What was the purpose of the Education Reform?
To give every child the opportunity to receive an education. In the early 1800's teachers would let children into their homes to teach Reading, Writing and Arithmetic.
What were the accomplishments of the movement?
More public schools were being established, and are now payed by taxes. Also the teachers started to receive higher salaries.
The school year was extended to 6 months.
The Massachusetts school system was re-organized, and the curriculum got enriched.
The state of Massachusetts passed a law, which was that all children had to go to school.
Some children got driven out of there private schools and into there de-segregated common schools.
All schools and classes got the right supplies to run school, these materials included: textbooks, notebooks, pen and paper, pencils, and more.
What were the methods used by the movement to achieve there goals
Horace Mann went to the board of education and shared his beliefs about education.
He would travel throughout Massachusetts to visit, review, and evaluate schools.
Over the course of about 6 years, Mann had inspected hundreds of schools in and around Massachusetts.
After his inspections, he went to tell the teachers in Massachusetts about what he noticed.
He told them about how the condition of the schools were poor. Also that is when he shared his idea of de-segregation in schools and how children should have equal rights in school.
That is when Horace Mann's idea about the common people school with equal everything finally started to come alive
If the Education Reform of the 19th had never happen, I think that a similar reform would happen eventually. Education is not, and never has been, something to take lightly. Had this movement not take place, I think that a very similar reform would happen in the near future. The past education system was terribly flawed and everybody knew that something had to be done; they just didn't exactly know what. It was inevitiable that we would have to set up public schools.
If no Education Reform had ever taken place, schooling would be extremely different from how it is today. Obviously, we would not have public schools, so everybody would go to private schools (if they could afford it). However, I do think that low end private schools would eventually open and even the poor would be educated. Although everybody would be getting an education, this would create a caste-type system where it would be hard to "escape" the class that you were born in. I believe that more women would be educated as our nation's mindset towards women has changed. The only pro for not having the education reform is that there would be competition between private schools, keeping the prices relatively low while maintaining a high quality of education.
Reform leaders worked to establish public school systems that any child could attend, regardless of gender, race, or family income.
Horace Mann- In the late 1830s, Horace Mann of Massachusetts began a crusade to revamp the school system. He was the leader of a movement to create the first statewide school system. Mann was a member of his state legislature and fought for many reform causes, notably prison and mental health reform. He served as the secretary of the new board of education.
Henry Barnard- another leading person in the Education Reform. He pushed to have free school for the not so rich kids of the nation. He helped developed schools in Rhode Island and Connecticut. He established the first "Rhode Island Techer Institute." He as also the first Commissioner of Education.
To make sure that all public school are equal. He did not think that children who live in a wealthy area should a better public education than lower class students.
To make good schools that would be cost free because not all people could afford schools before the reform movement became official.
How would America be different had your reform movement never happened?
Sixty-eight percent of instructors in teacher education programs spend two hours or less per semester on gender equity.
This photo shows students being taught in a one-room school house in colonial America.
This a a photo of an article writen about a one-room school house. Effie Harper's (the school teacher) class went to this schoolhouse to learn how to read and write.