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religion in britain
Transcript of religion in britain
Rosa González García
Cristina Picazo Herraiz Religion in Britain Mainstream religions in Britain Social role today Conflicts and controversial CHRISTIANS MUSLIMS HINDUISM JEWS Islam Monotheistic religion that only adores Allah
Qur'an provides guidance on:
Religious concepts and obligatory acts of workship
Islamic law SIKHISM Anglicans 2001 1889 19th century History of Islam in UK Prior to II World War BUDDHISM Small presence of muslims Church and state Description The religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal
Supreme God and deities emanating from him
Cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma. History of Hinduism in GB Significant number of immigrants shortly after the Second World War.
Main wave in the late sixties and early seventies.
Became menial workers or started small businesses
Initial problems Hinduism in Britain today Around 559.000 Hindus Description Found in the 15th Century by Guru Nanak Dev
Beliefs History of the religion in GB 1950 and 60s from northwest India or later from East Africa
Maharajah Duleep Singh Diversified into every field and industry.
The largest population other than India Hinduism in Britain today Description European Christian
culture Spiritual religion
Reach the state of Nirvana/ no personal God
Endless life History of Buddhism in GB 19 th century by translations of scriptures
The Buddhist Society of Great Britain Buddhism in Britain today Asian /white Buddhist
About 152.000 Buddhist Religious indicators: CHRISTIANS MUSLIMS HINDUISM SIKHISM JEWS BUDDHISM CHRISTIANS MUSLIMS HINDUISM SIKHISM JEWS BUDDHISM Education 4 hindu schools in england Places of worship Work Economic and educational success Education Places of worship Multi-faith schools
First in Birmingham
Leicester, Leads... in 2006, 170 centers
increasing number Temples Increasing of Buddhism Some temples
Meditate at home Racism Not because their faith but their ethnic origin Racism Decreasing but it still exists Controversial Problems in school (Kirpan) Denominational allegiance > PARTICIPATION
Attitudes towards the church
Religious belief > FEELINGS
Religious disposition British are seen and see themselves as relatively unchurched, nationalistic,optimistic, satisfied, conservative,and moralistic people. unchurched rather than simply secular Changes: SOCIAL
POLITICAL Demographic The presence of Muslims expanded as foreign workers INMIGRATION 19th:
First half 20th:
further influences of Jews
Chinese and African
Second half 20th:
New Commonweath and Pakistan
Chileans, Ugandan Asians,Iranians
Afro-Caribbean, Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus Construction of the first Mosque in Woking 1960 1970 Era of decolonization (Indians and Muslims) 1980 A wave of new Muslim inmigrants from Bangladesh. Pluralism and multifaith 1.6 million of Muslims in UK Census Rise of Islam in UK Islam is one of the easiest religions to convert to. There's an only declaration of faith:
5,000 new conversions nationwide each year despite the often negative representation of Islam. Life of muslims in UK Organizations supporting their culture
The Muslim Council of Britain
The Islamic College
Muslim Educational Centre of Oxford
Thousands of mosques in all UK Struggle with British identity "Believing without belonging" Secularization 2001 2010 BACKGROUND Nonexistence of big problems: racism ... 80% membership ATHEIST "Catholic and Protestant" Roman Catholics Orthodox Protestants Free Churches 11% of the population ATTENDANCE COMPARISON Small but growing English phenomenon Variety of traditions Methodist
Evangelical Belief expressed Afro-caribbean Church Immigrants Communal belief Church attendance Faith schools Community involvement Decline Ordination of women They feel proud of being British
Muslims want to be part of UK despite the marginalisation.
Xenophobia still exists. Homosexuality Terrorism Xenophobia Debate ¿Secular state? Monarch • 52% of Britons believe that Muslims create problems.
• 55% of Britons would be concerned if a mosque was built in their area.
• 58% of Britons associate Islam with extremism.
• Only 28% of Britons believe Muslims want to integrate into British society. Satanic Verses
Al-Qaeda: 7 of July London bombings
Jihadism Problems Law
Tradition CONCLUSION Decline of faith Secularism Strict separation of the state from religious institutions.
People of different religions and beliefs are equal before the law. Decline of christian faith.
Converts to Islam, Hinduism, etc. 131 temples in UK
congregate to worship, learn and socialize
offer services Secularization Anglo-Jewry British people of Jewish descent who maintain a connection to the Jewish community.
2001 Census: 266,740 people listed their religion as Jewish. Who are Jews? Ethnoreligious group, originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
They follow the Torah (written) and the Talmud (oral).
Most Jews worldwide share a common genetic heritage originated in the Middle East. 1070: King William the Conqueror brought them because of their commercial skills.
1290: King Edward I's Edict of Expulsion.
The Jewish Naturalisation Act of 1753: legalise the Jewish presence in England
1846: the British law "De Judaismo", which prescribed a special dress for Jews.
1930s and 1940s, some European Jews fled to England to escape the Nazis. History of Jews in UK Education 60 percent of school-age Jewish children attend Jewish schools.
British Jews generally have high levels of educational achievement.
Limmud: anual winter conference. Places of workship 409 synagogues in the country Bevis Marks Synagogue,1701 Princes Road Synagogue, 1874 Employment 30.5 percent of economically active Jews were self-employed
Generally, they find job succesfully. Antisemitism Anti-semitic incidents in the UK have risen in the months January-June 2012
Aparently influenced by the anti-Semitic terrorist attack in Toulouse, France "There is no God but Allah and Mohamed is his Prophet." London Central Mosque, 1977