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Mesopotamian Empires - Chapter 4 Section 1
Transcript of Mesopotamian Empires - Chapter 4 Section 1
The First Empire Builders
Another society built up over time, but they were not Sumerians, they were north of Sumer
They lived in peace with the Sumerians for years
Sargon of Akkad is responsible for breaking that peace in the 2300s BCE, when he wanted to expand Akkadian territory
City-states in Sumer fought over farmland all the time
Because of this, they built up strong armies and built strong, thick walls around the city for protection
Individual city-states gained and lost power over time
Kish (Gilgamesh - Sumerian literary figure)
The Akkadian Empire
Sargon was the first ruler to have a permanent army
He used this army to launch a series of wars against neighboring kingdoms
He conquered all Sumerian city-states and northern Mesopotamia - all of Mesopotamia was now his! He is the creator of the FIRST empire EVER!!!
Importance of Empires
Empires are important because they change the way people live. They may bring peace to the peoples there.
Empires often include people from several cultures. The ideas, technology, and customs of the different peoples may be shared
The Babylonian Empire
After Sargon's death, the rulers of the Akkadian Empire struggle to keep out invaders and eventually the Sumerians retake Mesopotamia
The Sumerians fall again to waves of invaders, but the winner is the king of what used to be a Sumerian town, Babylon
From 1792 BC to 1750 BC, a powerful king named Hammurabi ruled the Babylonian Empire and took over all of Mesopotamia
Hammurabi was a great war leader but he also helped make the Babylonian Empire great
He increased trade, improved the tax system, and oversaw many building projects
Hammurabi's Law Code
Hammurabi is most famous for his code of law
The code of law dealt with almost every part of daily life
The code was written in cuneiform and was displayed on huge pillars for everyone to be able to see
The code's goal was to bring justice - fair treatment of people to people but social class did matter
The code gave rights to people living in the land - even women and children
The code established the idea that the government should provide protection and justice for the people