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Family Stress and Coping Concept Map-Final Draft

FAML 360-02 Kelli Chavez
by

Kelli Chavez

on 12 April 2014

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Transcript of Family Stress and Coping Concept Map-Final Draft

Family Stress Models
Family Stress models are used to help families cope with stressors and crises in a healthier, more effective manner.
Physiological and Behavioral Effects of Distress on an Individual
Fight, Flight, or Freeze responses.
Changes in heart rate, breathing and blood pressure.
A person may become physically ill as a result of being in distress.
Panic Attack and Persistent Anxiety.
Koo's "Profile of Trouble"
Earl Lomon Koss created one of the first recognizable models for analyzing and discussing stress.
His model made coorelations between families experiencing trouble, and their rating of "adequacy."
Hill's Truncated Roller Coaster Profile
Reuben Hill claimed that each family member experiences a roller coaster experience when faced with crisis.
Personal Shock
Disorganization
Recovery
Readjustment
Hill also claimed that families go through a "second bump" when faced with crises; a bump to recover from the first "bump" of the roller coaster crisis.
Hill's ABCX Model
This model helps families cope with stress by recognizing each element of the stressor(s) and understand how they correlate to one another.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a form of therapy to overcome panic, anxiety and stress with little to no use of medications.
Overcoming fear through The Cognitive Model, The Hidden Emotional Model, The Exposure Model, or The Biological Model.
Recognizing cognitive distortions and changing behavior patterns that cause these distortions.
Changing negative thought patterns and behavior into positive thought patterns and behavior.
Making The Most of the Best and the Least of the Worst.
Did You Know?
"The brain does not respond to danger, but to the
perception
of danger. It relies upon us to
accurately
access and sense the 'danger' message by thinking that we are in danger."

-"Family Stress and Coping" Chapter. 1 "The Physiology of Anxiety." Michael D. Williams. 2013.

Koos' Definition of Trouble:
"Situations outside the normal pattern of life-situations which created a sharpened insecurity or which blocks the usual patterns of action and called for new ones."

ABCX Means:
A: The Crisis-The actual event.
B: The Family's crisis-meeting resources-who/what is available to help them.
C: Cognitions-All thoughts and emotions regarding the stressor itself.
X: The overall e
X
perience of the stressor (was it a positive or a negative outcome?)
"To understand the stress response, we must possess a fundamental knowledge not only of Psychology, but of Physiology as well."

-George Everly
"Angle of Recovery": How families
recovered when they do run into
difficulties." -Earl L. Koos
Recognize what you are feeling,
why you feel that way, and change
your attitude for the better.
"Mindfulness is about being fully aware of whatever is happening in the present without filters or the lens of judgment." (extracted from byui.edu/brainhoiney)
Mindfulness
Being mindful means to "dejunk" your brain and allow youself to relax and gain clarity. This can help reduce risks and increse resiliance from everyday stressors.
Risk and Resiliance
A
Risk
is any influence that incresses the probability of harm, contributes to a more serious state, or maintains a problem condition."-Mark W. Freser
Resilience
is observing a normal or even exceptionally positive developmental outcome in spite of exposure to major risks." -Mark W. Freser
Every stressor or crises have risks involved. How individuals and families effectively cope and adjust to these stressors will determine their resilience, or capability, of "bouncing back" from a conflict.
Contextual effects are environmental conditions that affect a person's vulnerability, either in a positive way, or in a negative way. This can determine how resiliant a person or family is as a result of a stressor. A positive contextual effect will equal a positive outcome, a negative contextual effect will equal a negative outcome.
Double ABCX Model and FAAR Stress Coping Models
Hamilton McCubbin and Joan Patterson expanded on Reuben Hill's ABCX Model and came up with their own model called FAAR:The Family Adjustment and Adaption Response.
The Double ABCX Model deals with post crisis elements, rather than just precrisis elements of a stressor.
The Double ABCX Model
aA=The initial stressor and Pileups
bB=Existing resources
cC=Perception or definition of the stressor leading to the crisis.
xX=Bonadaptation (positive) or Maladaptation (negative) of a stressor.
Family Resilience
"Shock Absorbers"
Flexibility
Connectedness
Social and Economic Resources
Other Ways A Family Can Become Resilient
Making Meaning of Adversity
Positive Outlook
Transcendence and Spirituality
Being resilient can help create and maintain stability in our lives, help us have the capacity to deal with change, and help us understand and set healthy boundaries with our families, friends, and loved ones.
The proper use and application of these stress models can help us become more resiliant individuals and help our families become more resilient as a unit.
What is a Crucible?
"The Crucible is a metaphor for life-changing challenges, adversities, and losses that have a refining effect on a person or an entire family. Crucible experiences have the potential to change how we view ourselves, our relationships with others, and our relationship with God, thus transforming our very nature."-
Successful Marriages and Families: Proclamation Principles and Research Perspectives; Haekins, Alan J.; Dollahite, David C.; and Draper. Thomas W. Chapter 23. 2012.Print.
Families and Individuals are refined and strengthened as they work together as a unit to overcome their family crucibles.
Advances Stress Models such as The Family Typology Model and FAAR Model can help individual family members understand how their family unit, as a whole, effectively or ineffectively deal with stressors, based on past expereinces. This can greatly affect the family unit when faced with crucibles or continuous threats.
Continuous Threat
Families that are under continuous threat due to massive stressors or crises can become closer, or draw farther apart as a family unit, depending on the family's "type", what coping skills they have, and how they effectively communicate with each other.

The more aware a family is of their cognitions and the thoughts and feelings of others; the more resilient they will be when faced with continuous threats.
My "Tool Box"
Mindfulness
Spirituality
Resilience
ABCX Model
Overcoming Family Crucibles
Family Councils
The Gospel of Jesus Christ
Some of the important "tools I will use in the future:
Full transcript