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MI5 and MI6

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zach dayton

on 16 May 2011

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Transcript of MI5 and MI6

MI5 MI6 History During the run-up to the First World War and during the war itself, German spies sought to obtain political, military and industrial secrets that would have benefited their country's war effort.

The Service proved effective in combating this threat. It successfully broke up the German spy network in the UK on the eve of the declaration of war. During the war, a further 35 spies were captured. Several were executed, with the rest being imprisoned or interned. Despite this, its staff numbers shrank greatly from their wartime peak of 844 staff to only about a dozen by 1929. Its founder, Sir Vernon Kell, remained in charge of the organisation throughout the inter-war period.

MI5 was renamed the "Defence Security Service" in 1929. Two years later, in 1931, it became the Security Service - the title that it still uses today.

Also in 1931, the Service gained formal responsibility for assessing all threats to the security of the UK, apart from those posed by Irish terrorists and anarchists, which remained the responsibility of the police. During World War II, the Security Service played a key role in combating enemy espionage, intercepting German communications and feeding misinformation back to Germany. The war had ended with Europe divided between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. In March 1946, the former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill memorably described how an "iron curtain [had] descended across the continent". •1990 - The Provisional IRA (PIRA) assassinates Conservative MP Ian Gow at his home in Sussex.

•1991 - PIRA attacks Downing Street with mortar bombs during a meeting of the Cabinet.

•1993 - A huge PIRA bomb explodes in Bishopsgate, London, killing two people and causing damage costing over £350 million.

•1994 - PIRA declares a "cessation of military operations" and Sinn Féin enters the ongoing Northern Ireland peace talks.

•1996 - After a breakdown in talks, PIRA resumes its attacks in Northern Ireland and the mainland, bombing London's Docklands and Manchester city centre.

•1997 - PIRA declares a second ceasefire.

•1998 - Al Qaida vehicle bombs explode outside United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing over 220 people and injuring over 4,000 more. In Northern Ireland, 29 people are killed and over 200 injured when the dissident Real IRA attacks Omagh.

•2000 - The Greek terrorist group November 17 assassinates Brigadier Stephen Saunders, the British military attaché to Greece. In the subsequent investigation, the group's leaders are captured and convicted.

•2001 - Al Qaida operatives attack the World Trade Center and Pentagon using hijacked aircraft, killing themselves and nearly 3,000 other people. In response, the United States and an international coalition invades Afghanistan to expel al Qaida and its Taliban supporters.

•2002 - 202 people are killed in an al Qaida-linked attack in Bali, Indonesia.

•2004 - Terrorists attack Madrid commuter trains, killing 191 people and injuring more than 1,500.

•2005 - Suicide bombers attack the London transport network, killing 56 people and injuring over 700. Who are they? There The Uk's Secret Service headed by Director JOhnathan Evans Military Intelligence, Section 5 The Service is organised into seven branches, each with specific areas of responsibility, who work to counter a range of threats including terrorism, espionage and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. "protecting the UK against threats to national security from espionage, terrorism and sabotage, from the activities of agents of foreign powers, and from actions intended to overthrow or undermine parliamentary democracy by political, industrial or violent means." The British Secret Intelligence Service The history of British intelligence organisations, engaged in foreign intelligence collection and the interception of mail and messages, goes back at least to the second half of the 15th Century. The immediate background to the 1909 decision to establish the new Bureau was the threat of Germany's military and naval expansion, together with sensational newspaper coverage of German espionage activity in the UK. The Bureau's dual tasks were to counter foreign espionage in the UK (the Home Section) and to collect secret intelligence abroad on Britain's potential enemies (the Foreign Section). The head of the Foreign Section and, later, the first Chief of SIS was Commander (later Captain Sir) Mansfield Cumming RN. He laid the foundations of the Service and masterminded its contribution to the First World War in which its networks operating behind German lines in Belgium and France The German occupation of most of Western Europe by 1941 seriously damaged existing SIS agent networks but it was not long before these setbacks began to be overcome. Opposition to Nazi rule inspired thousands of patriotic men and women into the gathering of intelligence for SIS and other Allied services. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 SIS developed its already emerging response to the intelligence challenges which are now so dominant: regional instability, terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and serious international crime. Collects Britian's Foreign Intelligence headed by its Chief is Sir John Sawers What They do Location SIS collects secret intelligence and mounts covert operations overseas in support of British Government objectives. The parameters for these activities are laid down in the Intelligence Services Act 1994, which states that SIS functions are to obtain and provide information and perform other tasks relating to the acts and intentions of persons overseas: •In the interests of national security, with particular reference to the government's defence and foreign policies;
•in the interests of the economic well-being of the UK; and
•in support of the prevention or detection of serious crime Vauxhall Cross MI1-codes and cyphers MI2-Information on Middle and Far East MI3-Information on Eastern Europe and the Baltic Provinces MI4-Make the maps MI7-Press and propaganda MI8-Signals interception and communications security. MI9-Escaped British PoW debriefing, escape and evasion MI10-Technical Intelligence worldwide. MI11-Military Security MI12-Liaison with censorship organisations in Ministry of Information, military censorship MI13-Used only in ficiton MI14-Germany and German-occupied territories MI15-Aerial photography MI16-Scientific Intelligence MI17-Secretariat for Director of Military Intelligence MI18-not used MI19-Enemy PoW interrogation MI(JIS)-Axis planning staff MI L(R)-Russian Liasion Thames Home Who is the best MI6 agent? JAMES BOND THE END https://www.mi5.gov.uk/ https://www.sis.gov.uk/
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