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CHILD ABUSE

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Aumaima Elbhary

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of CHILD ABUSE

Types of Child Abuse
CHILD ABUSE
Child abuse and neglect occurs in a range of situations, for a range of reasons.
Emotional
Neglect
Physical
Sexual
Hard Labor
INTRODUCTION
Child abuse is doing something or
failing to do something that results in harm
to a child or puts a child at risk of harm.
Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional.
Neglect, hard labor or not providing for a child's needs.
EMOTIONAL
Emotional abuse refers to the psychological and social aspects of child abuse; it is the most common form of child abuse. In the form of :
Emotional abuse occurs in:

the home
by teachers
by other children in the form of "bullying".
The most likely to be emotionally abused :
Boys and girls are equally emotionally abused
The characteristics of emotionally abusive
parents :
they have negative attitudes towards children,.
Signs in childhood:
feel unhappy, frightened and distressed
behave aggressively and anti-socially
difficulties with school achievement
experience incontinence and mysterious pains.
Signs in adulthood :
complex psychological and psychosocial problems .

*shouting
*intimidation
*emotional blackmail

SEXUAL
NEGLECT
PHYSICAL
HARD LABOR
Working children:
It is difficult to quantify the issue for several reasons:

Studies might not agree on numbers but they generally agree that poverty is at the root of the problem.
Surveys have shown that working children usually come from large, low-income families and that the wages of working children represent almost one quarter of total household income.
They work averaging from nine to 11 hours in different studies, and dangerous work environments. Children harvesting cotton routinely work 11 hours a day seven days a week in the 40-degree heat of the summer, and in a survey done by Human Rights Watch in 2002 nearly all reported beatings by foremen.


1-Reason is that most of the work done by children is confined to the informal
Sector -- selling items (tissue paper, cigarettes or toys) on the street, seasonal workers in agriculture, casual labour on construction sites, or domestic work.
2-Another reason is that a large part of child labor is seasonal. Over a million children are hired each season, for example, to bring in the Egyptian cotton crop.
Consequences:
Studies suggest that children who try to work and go to school don’t do as well at school as other children, but also that almost half of paid child workers simply do not go to school at all.
It is committed by one man against child - for instance, hitting, slapping, or striking with an object .

Signs in childhood :
They are vulnerable to "emotional storms" These "storms" can take the form of profound grief, fear, or rage.

They have problems with:
academic achievement
physical development
aggression
depression


The characteristics of parents who physically abuse children :

Emotional impairment, substance abuse, lack of social support, presence of domestic violence and a history of childhood abuse .

The characteristics of physically abused children :
Boys and girls are equally abused
Signs in adulthood :
aggressive and violent behaviour
"Neglect" refers to a range of circumstances in which a parent fails to adequately provide for a child's needs:
Through the provision of:
Food
Shelter
Clothing
Medical care
Care, love and support
Moral and legal guidance

Sexual abuse describes any incident in an adult engages a minor in a sexual act, or exposes the minor to inappropriate sexual behavior or material.
Who is most likely to be sexually abused?
all children are vulnerable to sexual abuse,
girls more than boys.

Signs in childhood:
Withdrawn, unhappy and suicidal behavior
Aggressive behavior
Detachment
Pains for no medical reason
Sexual behavior or knowledge too advanced for their age

Signs in adulthood:
mental problems
depression
suicide attempts.

EFFECT ON ADULT LIFE
PREVENTION
Prevention would Include information on supporting families, protective factors, public awareness, community activities, positive parenting, prevention programs, and more.
AIM:
Promoting child & family well-being.
Framework of child prevention
SECONDARY
• Parent education programs
• Parent support groups
• Home visiting programs
• Respite care for families that have children with special needs
• Family resource centers that offer information and referral services
• Role of public health agencies in preventing maltreatment is tremendous both by regular mental evaluation and physical examinations of children .

TERTIARY
• Intensive family preservation services
• Parent mentor programs
• Mental health services for children


• Public service announcements
• Parent education programs
• Family support
• Public awareness campaigns

PRIMARY

Tertiary prevention programs, targeted toward families in which abuse has already occurred (indicated).

Consists of three levels of services:
Primary prevention programs, directed at the general population (universal) in an effort to prevent maltreatment before it occurs.


Secondary prevention programs, targeted to individuals or families in which maltreatment is more likely (high risk)
Developing & Sustaining Prevention Programs
• Assessing community strengths and needs
• Collaboration and partnerships
• Family engagement and retention
• Parent engagement and leadership
• Cultural competence
• Training
• Funding
• Making an economic case


Evaluating Prevention Programs
• Tools for evaluating prevention programs
• Making an economic case
• Results of program evaluations

While the physical wounds heal, there are several long-term consequences of abuse or neglect.

Children who are maltreated often are at risk of experiencing cognitive delays and emotional difficulties, or putting future generations at the risk of the same experiences again and again.

Childhood trauma also negatively affects nervous system and immune system.


Methodology
QUESTIONNAIRE
RESULTS
Study Design
Observational -> Descriptive -> Cross-sectional
Data collection method and Tool
Self Administer Questioner
Ethical Consideration
No Student Name

Signed Consent

Dissemination Plan

Data presentation at The Faculty Conferences
Sample size & Technique
100 Questionnaire
20 Children each one of us
AbdulRahman
On a Primary & Preparatory school Children
Age:10-15 years old

A 6 years old boy who has been tortured (physical abuse) by his father. Beaten with leather belt.
UNDER SUPERVISION OF:
Dr. DINA SHOKRY
Dr. AMANY ABDEL FATTAH
Done By:
Eman Mohyeldin Saad
Eman Taha
Omaima Mohyeldin
Asmaa Mousa
Nada Nabawe
Full transcript