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Developments in Passenger Transport

Week 3 Session 3
by

David Brice

on 16 July 2015

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Transcript of Developments in Passenger Transport

A brief look at developments through the ages, but our focus is on recent developments
Developments in Transport
From Roman roads
To High speed rail
The Roman and Greeks invented roads.

They were used for trade, religion, leisure and war.

Roman legions could travel vast distances quickly by road.

Roman roads can still be seen in the UK. Romans invaded Britain in 43AD and ruled for nearly 400 years. During that time they built a network of roads and they were also the founders of our modern cities.
From the middle of the 17th century, young
gentlemen of the aristocracy travelled to the capital
cities of Europe as part of the ‘Grand Tour’, to broaden
their education and experiences of life.
Travel to spa towns became popular in the 17th and 18th centuries with visitors experiencing the healing power of their spa waters.
The development of rail transport from 1830 onwards was to have a far-reaching effect on travel for business and leisure purposes.

In fact the first railway was opened in England between Stockton and Darlington on 27 September 1825.
Thomas Cook organised his first excursion by train on 5 July 1841, taking a group of 500 temperance association members from Leicester to Loughborough for a meeting.
Rail travel in steam-driven locomotives also played a very significant role in the growth of seaside resorts around the UK coast.
The development of the car in the 20th century began
to give people greater freedom to explore the coast
and countryside
The introduction of passenger services in jet aircraft after World War Two was to stimulate the rapid growth of the mass tourism that exists around the world today.

Vladimir Raitz of Horizon Holidays organised the first modern-day package holiday to Corsica in 1949.
This snapshot of the historical development of
passenger transport shows that just how much the
industry has developed in a relatively short period of
time.

Clearly, passenger transport doesn’t stand still!
With this unit we are concerned with
recent
developments and factors that have affected and influenced passenger transport in the UK

So we are now going to look at recent developments.

Your next assignment is going to be about this.

You will need to describe 3 developments and 3 factors that have affected and influenced passenger transport
So...we are going to look at these developments -
Toll Roads
Congestion charging
High speed rail
Aircraft technology
New airports & airport expansion
New motorways and widening schemes.

You will need 3 of these for your assignment
And you will need 3 of these factors for your assignment
Political
- e.g. EU directives
Legal
- e.g. disability discrimination or environmental
Social
- personal mobility & changing needs
Economic
- e.g. fuel prices
Ok...so who has been over a toll bridge?
And how many toll roads and bridges can you name?
Let's look at a video about the argument for an against toll roads. Watch the video and discuss.
Tolls now also have baskets where you can throw in the cost of the toll as well as paying a human !
Now for an activity. Work in pairs to research about tolls and congestion charge. Work through the questions on the activity sheet to see if you can find the information.
Use Transport for London website, M6 toll road website, course textbook and other websites.
You will be asked for the information in the next session.
Full transcript