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Central Argument Structures

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on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of Central Argument Structures

Central Argument Structure
The way a persuasive speaker presents/organizes his argument
Cause-and-effect structure
The speaker persuades by explaining the reasons for his argument and describing possible outcomes
Analogy structure
A speaker persuades by comparing ideas or situations
A speaker uses his own authority or the authority of others to support his argument
Examples structure
A speaker supports his argument by providing examples
Statistics structure
A speaker persuades by supporting his argument with statistics
A cause-and-effect example
We should go on more field trips because children learn from hands-on, eye-witness experiences. When students get excited about museum exhibits and college tours, they care more about what they are learning and make it more meaningful in their lives.
An authority example
Dentists recommend flossing daily.
Central Argument Structures
An analogy example
Just like a toxic poison, drugs destroy your body from the inside out.
Authority structure
A statistics example
An examples example
There are many ways to stay in shape. For example, you can go the traditional route of jogging and lifting weights. Another option is to attend fitness classes like yoga or aerobics. Others stay fit by playing sports like pick-up basketball or soccer.
The school that canceled all sports saw a 30% increase in student success rates. Eliminating sports programs is a good idea.
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