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Security and the Final Years of New France, 1713-1763

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jeannelly balthazar

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Security and the Final Years of New France, 1713-1763

Security and the Final Years of New France, 1713-1763
The Great Peace Of Montreal
In the summer of 1701, more than 1,300 Indians, from forty different nations, gathered near Montreal. They came from the Mississippi Valley, the Great Lakes, and Acadia. Many were lifelong enemies but all had answered to an invitation from the French governor. Their future and the fate of the colony were at stake. Among them was the great Huron chief Kondiaronk of Michilimackinac, the most influential of France's allies. He knew Montreal was ravaged by influenza, but came anyway.
Three pictures related to my presentation
The Loss of Acadia
Acadia was Frances second colony in eastern North America. The king never seemed to give it as much attention as New France received; the military seemed to concentrate it's efforts on defending New France.
Acadia was vulnerable to attack. In 1694,attackers from New England occupied Port Royal,but returned it to France in the peace treaty of 1697.
Security and the Final Years of New France, 1713-1763

History, 7-4

Due: Tuesday,March 24,2014
The great peace of Montreal
The expulsion of the acadians
The Seven Years' War,1756-1763
The great peace of Montreal was signed on August 4,1701.
Cheif Kondiaronk had died of influenza at the age of 52 on August 1 & 3 days after he had died. The next day, the peace treaty was signed. From now on there would be no more wars between the French and the Indians. Thirty-eight nations signed the treaty, including the Iroquois. The Iroquois promised to remain neutral in any future conflict between the French and their former allies, the English colonists of New England.
In the War of the Spanish Succession,France & Britain were fighting to control colonies in a number of areas. Britain gained control of Acadia & the Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe & Martinique.
In 1713, the two sides debated a peace treaty at Utrecht in the Netherlands. Britain offered to return either Acadia or Guadeloupe & Martinique. Those islands grew sugar, which was a very valuable item in Europe; so France agreed to keep them and give up Acadia, thinking it could still get furs from New France.
The Expulsion Of The Acadians
For many years, Britain paid little attention to Acadia. What the British really wanted was to know that the Acadians would not revolt against them.The British tried to get the Acadians to take an
oath of allegiance
(a statement of loyalty) to the British king

But the king was an English Protestant, and the French Roman Catholic Acadians refused to take the oath.
The Acadians had lived in the area for several generations and wanted to continue living peacefully; but they resented being ruled by British soldiers, who harassed them for petty reasons, and whom the French population harassed in turn. In this case the British were feeling insecure.
The Seven Years' War
The Seven Years' War (1756-63) was the first global war,fought in Europe,India, and America, and at sea. In North America, sovereign rivals Britain and France struggled for power. Early in the war, the French
(aided by Canadian militia and Aboriginal allies)
defeated several British attacks and captured a number of British forts.
In 1758, the tide turned when the British captured Louisbourg, followed by Quebec City in 179 and Montreal in 1760. With the Treaty of Paris of 1763, France formally ceded Canada to the British.The Seven Years' War therefore laid the bicultrual foundations of modern Canada.
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