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Queen Elizabeth I

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Cali Gilmartin

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Queen Elizabeth I

Queen Elizabeth I
Early Life
Parents: Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn
Henry married Anne hoping she would give birth to a son (since his last wife never did)
September 7, 1533- Anne gives birth to Elizabeth
Henry grows tired of his marriage with Anne and finds a way to get rid of her.
May 19, 1536- Anne is executed for (false) charges of incest and adultery made by Henry
Anne dies before Elizabeth is three years of age
Her Early Life
After Anne's Death, Henry marries Jane Seymour and is hopeful she will deliver him a son.
Jane has Henry's son, Edward VI, and she dies shortly after he is born.
Her last stepmother is Katherine Parr. While married to Katherine, Henry dies and she becomes the Dowager Queen.
After Henry's death, Katherine marries Thomas Seymour and Elizabeth goes to live with them. However, she leaves the household after an incident with Thomas.
Tudor Family Tree
Anne Boleyn Portrait

Henry VIII Portrait

-Philip ll, or more commonly referred to as the most Catholic king, sought to restore
Catholicism to England and remove Elizabeth I from the throne.
-In 1587, Sir Francis Drake launched a preemptive strike one of Spain’s largest harbors, Cadiz, thus destroying supplies intended for the invasion and giving England time to build its defenses.
-From May 28 to July 28 1588 the British repeatedly attacked Spanish ships, and by the end of July only 60 Spanish ships returned to Spain and as many as 15000 Spaniards perished.

the Spanish Armada

-Mary Queen of Scotts married the heir to the French throne when she was 15 years old, became
the queen consort of France at 17,and was widowed at age 18.
- Mary returned to Scotland to rule on her own, taking power away from influential lords, while maintaining close connections with the French crown.
Queen Elizabeth was worried she would be a threat to the crown in 1560, when she declared herself the true catholic inheritor of the English throne
After many years of quarreling, Mary was forced to abdicate and was taken prisoner by Scottish lords. She fled to England for safety and was taken into protective custody by Elizabeth, and eventually executed on February 8, 1587.
Source: "The Tudors by Jane Bingham"
Struggle For Power
with Mary Queen Of Scotts

The Spanish Armada in Ireland (http://www.nmm.ac.uk/collections/explore/object.cfm?ID=BHC0262)

Source: (http://www.nmm.ac.uk/collections/explore/object.cfm?ID=BHC0262
-Queen Elizabeth was very socially aware of the poverty in
England during her rule, and actively sought out ways to help those in need.
-In 1572, the national poor tax law was introduced to support the needy and build workhouses for the unemployed
- Under the 1576 Act, parishes were required to find work for the unemployed, and administer aid to children and the aged

Work with the Poor

Source: The Royal Panopoly, by Carrolly Eriksen
Source: The Tudors, By Jane Bingham
The Somerset House Conference
Portrait of Mary Queen of Scotts
www. nmm/ac.uk/collections
Major Accomplishments
Map of Elizabethan London
Source: Ancestry.com
During her reign, there was a widespread increase in literacy, as well as great achievements in the arts.
She defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588.
She established the Poor Laws- a support system for the needy.
There was a large expansion of discoveries overseas during her reign, and great explorers such as Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins were encouraged.
Depicts Spanish and English discussing the Spanish invasion
The Spanish Armada,
which included 132 ships
Source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-3CYLEYJIb4s/Tc-1DjiiVbI/AAAAAAAAACM/jJkif3fAEgM/s1600/English_V.S._Spanish_Armada.jpg
HEr Early Life
Source: http://mcsixtyfive.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/1590_marcus_gheeraerts_sir_francis_drake_portrait1.jpg
The British Armada in Ireland
Elizabeth is coronated January 15, 1559
She becomes Queen November 17, 1558
Queen Elizabeth i
As A Ruler
The Globe Theater
She was a very smart woman, she had the ability to speak and understand several languages including Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, and Welsh.
She received a reputation as a good and wise ruler, and she was truly loved by her people.
She was very talented in the art of Public Relations, which is an established favorable relationship between a ruler and their people.
Elizabeth I was surrounded by very intelligent and loyal advisers, who were her source for political advice.
-Queen Elizabeth is often acknowledged for her influence in the dramatic arts, and support for theater.
-She is known to have sponsored and financially supported the Globe theater and its actors and playwrights.
- The theater was built to house plays that citizens of all social classes would be able to attend.
- Some of the many playwrights who presented their work here were William Shakespeare and John Ford
Source: BBC.co.uk
Religious policy
Under Queen Elizabeth I
Source: BBC.co.uk
Immediately after receiving the throne of England in 1558, Elizabeth I began working on creating the Church settlement, which was passed by Parliament in 1559.
The Settlement allowed her subjects to honor their own religions privately, as long as they were loyal to the Queen.
Subjects were required to attend one Elizabethan church service per week, otherwise they received a fine.
Both Catholics and Protestants agreed to the policy and they became unified as English people rather than divided into different religions.
The Church of England's services included elements of the old Catholic faith, as well as adopted some of the reforms provided by the Protestant movement.
Queen Elizabeth i's coronation photo
Source: http://www.karenegren.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Queen-Elizabeth-I-coronation.jpg
Queen Elizabeth's coronation portrait
Works Cited
Alchin, Linda. "Accomplishments of Queen Elizabeth I." Accomplishments of Queen Elizabeth I. N.p., 16 May 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2014. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/accomplishments-of-queen-elizabeth-i.htm>.
"Being Bess: Religious Policy Under Elizabeth I." Being Bess: Religious Policy Under Elizabeth I. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Jan. 2014. <http://beingbess.blogspot.com/2012/03/religious-policy-under-elizabeth-i.html>.
Bingham, Jane. The Tudors. London: Arcturus, 2011. Print.
Eakins, Lara. "Elizabeth I." Elizabeth I. N.p., 21 Feb. 2012. Web. 03 Jan. 2014. <http://tudorhistory.org/elizabeth/>.
Eakins, Lara. "Elizabeth I." Elizabeth I. N.p., 21 Feb. 2012. Web. 03 Jan. 2014. <http://tudorhistory.org/elizabeth/>.
"Elizabeth I." The British Monarchy. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2014. <http://www.royal.gov.uk/historyofthemonarchy/kingsandqueensofengland/thetudors/elizabethi.aspx>.
Eriksen, Carrolly. The Royal Panopoly. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
The "Virgin" Queen
1. When was Elizabeth born?
2. True or False- Anne committed adultery and incest.
3. When did Elizabeth have her coronation?
4. How many step mothers did Elizabeth have before her father's death?
5. When did Elizabeth defeat the Spanish Armada?
6. How many ships, in total, were in the Spanish Armada?
7. There was a great increase in what during Elizabeth's reign?
8. What was the name of the support system for the needy?
9. How many ships returned safely back to Spain?
10. What was the name of the theater that Queen Elizabeth I helped construct?
11. Which country did Mary Queen of Scotts have close ties with?
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