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Successful Monarchs in France

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Tim Endicott

on 11 April 2016

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Transcript of Successful Monarchs in France

Successful Monarchs in France
Unit 8: HMA
unlike England, France wasn't unified
Charlemagne's successors didn't command the same authority
978:
nobles elected Hugh Capet to take throne
he was weak and only owned small amounts of land
however, Capet and his successors (Capetians) increased royal power
made throne hereditary (300 years)
played nobles against one another
won Church support
efficient bureaucracy (law, taxes, etc)
~1200
Philip II (aka Philip Augustus) takes over
shrewd/able ruler
strengthened gov't
quadrupled land for France
(war with John of England)
Philip also took over Southern France
the Pope informed him of the growing Albigensians heresy
Albigensian Hersey
divine duality - two mutually opposed principles
one good (spiritual world)
one evil (material world)
man is a living contradiction
liberation of the soul from captivity of the body is true end
suicide is commendable
customary form of endura (starvation)
matrimony is unlawful
abandonment is desirable
Philip sent knights to the South
crushed Albigensians
added land to kingdom

1223 - Philip became the most powerful ruler in Europe
most admired French ruler:
King Louis IX
generous
devoted
noble
just
chivalrous
Louis IX was deeply religious
pursued religious goals
persecuted heretics/Jews
led knights in two wars against Muslims
increased royal authority
sent out roving officials
expanded royal courts
outlawed private wars
ended serfdom
thirty years after his death, he was declared a saint
Louis's grandson Philip IV
ruthlessly
extended power
collected taxes from clergy
threatened to arrest clergy
sent troops to seize Pope
this leads to clashes with Pope Boniface VIII
tried to claim papal supremacy
Philip refused to listen
tried to attack Boniface
Boniface escaped, but was badly beaten

after Boniface's death, a Frenchman was elected Pope
Clement V moved papal court from Rome to Avignon, France
Full transcript