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Julius Caesar Project: Analyze how Antony uses Pathos, Logos

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Joseph Sharpe

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Julius Caesar Project: Analyze how Antony uses Pathos, Logos

Infographic 1:
Julius Caesar Project
By: Joseph Sharpe

Julius Caesar Project: Analyze how Antony uses Pathos, Logos, and Ethos in his speech in Act III Scene II to win the people of Rome to his side.
Pathos: Emotion
Example 1 Example 2
Logos: Logic
Ethos: Authority.

2 examples within 1.
"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;
I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him."

Example 1
First time:
"But here's a parchment with the seal of Caesar;
I found it in his closet, 'tis his will"

Then he tries to tempt the citizens:
Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it;
It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you.
You are not wood, you are not stones, but men;
And, being men, bearing the will of Caesar,
It will inflame you, it will make you mad:
'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs;
For, if you should, O, what would come of it!

Example 2
"Yet, they are honorable men?"
".If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
You all do know this mantle: I remember
The first time ever Caesar put it on;
'Twas on a summer's evening, in his tent,
That day he overcame the Nervii:
Look, in this place ran Cassius' dagger through:
See what a rent the envious Casca made:
Through this the well-beloved Brutus stabb'd;
And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away,
Mark how the blood of Caesar follow'd it,
As rushing out of doors, to be resolved
If Brutus so unkindly knock'd, or no;
For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel:
Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him!
This was the most unkindest cut of all;
For when the noble Caesar saw him stab,
Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms,
Quite vanquish'd him: then burst his mighty heart;
And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Even at the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell.
O, what a fall was there, my countrymen!
Then I, and you, and all of us fell down,
Whilst bloody treason flourish'd over us.
O, now you weep;
In this example, Antony speaks of an emotional story of how Caesar was killed. He uses this to bring the people of Rome to a sorrow state so they would respect the noble Antony. By using emotion, Antony is able to share his feelings with the "citizens" thus gaining their trust.
Antony: "and, I perceive, you feel
The dint of pity: these are gracious drops.
Kind souls, what, weep you when you but behold
Our Caesar's vesture wounded? Look you here,
Here is himself, marr'd, as you see, with traitors."
Citizens Reply: "O noble Caesar!"

Another example is when Antony unveals the body of Caesar in front of the citizens. This automatically causes an emotional reaction from the crowd. This act is very important because revealing the bloody wounds to the citizens causes not only an emotional reaction, but a angry and revenge seeking reaction. Antony knows that if he is able to show them what Cassius and Brutus did to Caesar, he might be able to persuade the citizens to his side, wanting to seek revenge.
In this example, Antony is not only acting superior, but he is also structuring his speech in a pursuasive yet lucrative way. He begins by saying that he has the Will of Julius Caesar. This causes the citizens to get excited because they are now wanting too hear about the will. But Antony knows that he can get closer to the citizens physically and mentally if he talks little about the will. Antony is actually causing the citizens to react in a "I want you" way because in order for them to read the will, they must first obey Antony.
The phrase "Honorable men" is reiterated a plethora of times throughout Antony's speech. In my opinion, my analyzation of Antony's use of Logos is different than most people's. Antony repeats the phrase in order to prove that they are not what many think they are. Before each time he uses the phrase, Antony gives an example of how Brutus and Cassius are expressing dishonorable actions. The phrase" Honorable Men" reminds the citizens that their interpretation of Brutus and Cassius might have been wrong, that they are not honorable men after-all.
What gives Antony the right to speak of Julius Caesar? The fact that Caesar died gives Antony the right to speak of him. The reason why Antony can speak is because Caesar and Antony were friends. If they were not friends, then Antony would not have the right to speak of Caesar nor the citizens. He uses the death to his advantage now that he can speak to the citizens. Another reason why Antony is able to speak to the citizens is because he considers the citizens his "friends." Lastly, Antony is able to speak because he is trying to produce an army to fight against the murderers of Julius Caesar.
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