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An extensive review of the historical signifcance of political and social activists throughout American history.

Alexis Esteban

on 3 June 2014

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Advanced Placement United States History Final Exam Dinner Party Project
Jacob John Feltz
Spencer Miguel Chambers
Mitchell Sean Carter
Alexis Esteban Sotomayor
Third of June, Two Thousand and Fourteen
7:45 am to 9:15 am
Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States. Based in frontier Tennessee, Jackson

was a politician and army general who defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend,

and the British at the Battle of New Orleans. Jackson was supportive of states' rights, but during the

Nullification Crisis, declared that states do not have the right to nullify federal laws. Strongly against

the Second Bank of the United States, he vetoed the renewal of its charter and ensured its collapse.

Jackson as the seventh president dismantled the Second Bank of the United States and initiated forced

relocation and resettlement of Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi

River with the Indian Removal Act. He expanded the spoils system during his presidency to strengthen

his political base. Andrew Jackson will be sitting next to Dwight D. Eisenhower. They were both

presidents, but at very different time periods. This unique combination should promote quite the

interesting conversation.

Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer who played a pivotal role in the women's

suffrage movement. In 1851 she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong co-worker in

social reform activities, primarily in the field of women's rights. In 1852 they founded the New York

Women's State Temperance Society after Anthony was prevented from speaking at a temperance

conference because she was a woman. In 1863 they founded the Women's Loyal National League,

which conducted the largest petition drive in the nation's history up to that time, collecting nearly 400,000 signatures in

support of the abolition of slavery. In 1866 they initiated the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for

equal rights for both women and African Americans. In 1868 they began publishing a women's rights newspaper called

The Revolution. In 1869 they founded the National Woman Suffrage Association as part of a split in the women's

movement. Susan will be sitting next to Andrew Jackson. However, Based on Jackson’s position on slavery and women’s

rights, it is expected that Susan will direct most of her attention toward Sandra Day O’Connor.
Born in El Paso, Texas, on March 26, 1930, Sandra Day O'Connor was elected to two terms in the Arizona

state senate. In 1981, Ronald Reagan nominated her as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and she

received unanimous Senate approval. O'Connor made history as the first woman justice to serve on the

Supreme Court. As a justice, O'Connor was as a key swing vote in many important cases, including the

upholding of Roe v. Wade. She retired in 2006, after serving for 24 years. Sandra will sit next to Susan B.

Anthony. These two women would prefer to stick together. They will love to talk about their significance

in the women’s rights movement.
Lyndon B. Johnson became the 36th president of the United States following the November 1963

assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Upon taking office, Johnson, a Texan who had served in

both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate, launched an ambitious slate of progressive

reforms aimed at alleviating poverty and creating what he called a “Great Society” for all Americans.

Many of the programs he introduced–including Medicare and Head Start–made a lasting impact in the

areas of health, education, urban renewal, conservation and civil rights. Despite his impressive domestic

achievements, however, Johnson’s legacy was equally defined by his failure to lead the nation out of the

quagmire of the Vietnam War. He declined to run for a second full term in office, and retired to his Texas

ranch after leaving the White House in January 1969. LBJ will be seated next to Sandra O’Connor. These

two Texans had similar political views, and surely will have a pleasant dinner conversation.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-

American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using

nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott

and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president.

King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have

a Dream" speech. There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American

history. J. Edgar Hoover considered him a radical and made him an object of the Federal Bureau of

Investigation’s counter intelligence program for the rest of his life. MLK will be sitting next to Lyndon

B. Johnson. These two also share great interest in civil rights. They, along with Roosevelt, will deeply

discuss civil rights.
Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt was an American author, naturalist, explorer, historian, and politician who

served as the 26th President of the United States. He was a leader of the Republican Party and founder

of the Progressive Party. He is noted for his exuberant personality and his leadership of the Progressive

Movement. When the war with Spain that he had called for broke out in 1898, he helped form the

famous Rough Riders. He was the GOP nominee for Vice President with William McKinley, campaigning

successfully against radicalism and for prosperity, national honor, imperialism, high tariffs and the

gold standard. Roosevelt became President after McKinley was assassinated. He attempted to move

the GOP toward Progressivism, including trust busting and increased regulation of businesses. There

were no wars during his presidency, but his slogan, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" was highlighted

throughout his presidency, specifically with the naval prowess with the arrogant trip worldwide. Teddy

Roosevelt will be sitting next to MLK. Both heavily involved in humanitarian movements, they will have

much to discuss regarding racism and civil rights. Teddy will also be sitting directly across the table

from Andrew Jackson. Based on their conflicting personalities and political views, it is a large possibility

that they get involved in a fracas at some point in the evening. A little drama is always nice to have at a

dinner party.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from 1861 until his assassination

in April 1865. After a series of highly publicized debates in 1858, during which Lincoln spoke out against

the expansion of slavery, he lost the U.S. Senate race to his archrival, Stephen A. Douglas. Lincoln, a

moderate from a swing state, secured the Republican Party presidential nomination in 1860. With very

little support in the slave states, Lincoln swept the North and was elected president in 1860. His election

prompted seven southern slave states to form the Confederacy by February 1862. No compromise or

reconciliation was found regarding slavery. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War. In doing

so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized

the economy. President Lincoln will be sitting next to Teddy Roosevelt. Both these presidents are quite

charismatic. They will indubitably find something to talk about.
George Washington was the first President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the

Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the

United States. He supervised the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced

the Articles of Confederation and remains the supreme law. Washington was elected president as the

unanimous choice of the electors in the elections of both terms. He oversaw the creation of a strong,

well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the wars in Europe, suppressed

rebellion, and won acceptance among Americans of all types. Washington was hailed as "father of

his country" during his lifetime. George will be sitting next to Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln and

George Washington are two of the most famous presidents in United States history. They both served

two terms in office during their own time and are memorialized in the present by statues, U.S. currency,

and Mount Rushmore. They will have a great in depth discussion regarding their success and impact on

the country.
Elected in 1960 as the 35th president of the United States, 43-year-old John F. Kennedy became the

youngest man and the first Roman Catholic to hold that office. He was born into one of America’s

wealthiest families and parlayed an elite education and a reputation as a military hero into a successful

run for Congress in 1946 and for the Senate in 1952. As president, Kennedy confronted mounting

Cold War tensions in Cuba, Vietnam and elsewhere. He also led a renewed drive for public service

and eventually provided federal support for the growing civil rights movement. His assassination on

November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, sent shockwaves around the world and turned the all-too-human

Kennedy into a larger-than-life heroic figure. To this day, historians continue to rank him among the

best-loved presidents in American history. JFK will be sitting next to George Washington. Living almost

200 years apart, they really don’t have very much in common other than holding presidential office.

However, they most likely have a lot to learn about each other.
As supreme commander of Allied forces in Western Europe during World War II, Dwight D. Eisenhower

led the massive invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe that began on D-Day. In 1952, leading Republicans

convinced Eisenhower (then in command of NATO forces in Europe) to run for president; he won a

convincing victory over Democrat Adlai Stevenson and would serve two terms in the White House.

During his presidency, Eisenhower managed Cold War-era tensions with the Soviet Union under the

looming threat of nuclear weapons, ended the war in Korea in 1953 and authorized a number of

covert anti-communist operations by the CIA around the world. On the home front, where America

was enjoying a period of relative prosperity, Eisenhower strengthened Social Security, created the

massive new Interstate Highway System and maneuvered behind the scenes to discredit the rabid anti-

Communist Senator Joseph McCarthy. Though popular throughout his administration, he faltered in the

protection of civil rights for African Americans by failing to fully enforce the Supreme Court’s mandate

for the desegregation of schools in Brown v. Board of Education. Dwight will be sitting next to JFK, the

president to immediately follow him. Eisenhower, a member of the Republican Party, had Richard Nixon

as his vice president. Nixon would then run against the democratic Kennedy at the next election. Surely

they would have much to talk about.
thanks for watching!
Full transcript