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Transcript of Cleopatra
'Blue glass intaglio with a portrait of
Cleopatra VII... engraved glass gem, now very worn, could have been used as a seal, indicating an official or loyal individual's allegiance to Cleopatra.'
(Quote- British Museum)
Cleopatra and Antony,
by Diana Preston
The Murder of Cleopatra,
by Pat Brown
by Patricia Southern
Role in Egyptian Society
Silver roman coins (Denarius) with the faces of Cleopatra (left) and Mark Antony (right). Minted at approx. 32 B.C.
Coin with the face of Cleopatra VII's father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, on it.
Birth and Death
Queen Cleopatra VII was the last Egyptian pharoh, who ruled Egypt for most of her life (about thirty years), first with her Father, Ptolemy Auletes (left image), then with her husbands (who also were her brothers) Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, finally ruling the country with her son. Her mother was Cleopatra V.
Cleopatra VII is thought to have been born in late 69BC, and to have died in 30BC, deliberately getting herself bitten by an egyptian cobra.
:Cleopatra and her son (the son of Julius Caeser), Caeserian (sometimes known as Ptolemy XV). Carving on the Temple of Hathor.
Cleopatra VII was the Daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes and Cleopatra V. Her family was of greek origin, and her ancestors's rule began after Alexander the great.
Over time, Cleopatra married both of her brothers, and bore children to Julius Caeser and Mark Antony.
Around 51 B.C. the Pharoh Ptolemy XII died and Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII (her brother) inherited Egypt.. Cleopatra was eighteen at the time, and married her brother, as this was the Egyptian custom. Ptolemy XII was twelve years old.
Worn stone bust of a younger Cleopatra.
Cleopatra was Egypt's last pharaoh. The Pharaoh was the highest ruler in Egypt. Egyptians thought of their Pharaohs as Gods. Cleopatra was worshipped by her people as their Goddess Isis (who was supposedly the image of the perfect mother or wife) in human form.
Positive and negative impacts on society
Cleopatra had a positive effect on Egyptian society, as she managed to ally her country with the Roman empire, who, at the time, was knocking down country after country. (Cleopatra did this by wooing two of the most powerful Romans, Caesar and Antony.
However, Cleopatra taxed her people heavily, in order to attempt to pay of the depts that her father left when he died. When Cleopatra ended her own life, Egypt was stripped of the protection she had given it, and it came under the power of the romans.