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World Music ^_^
Transcript of World Music ^_^
2. It was originally composed by and about the people who settled and worked throughout the Western United States and Western Canada.
4. Directly related musically to old English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballads.
5. Western music celebrates the life of the cowboy on the open ranges and prairies of Western North America.
6. It also includes natural (scenic) environment of the west, love songs and group harmony. Musical Instruments Chordophones Aerophone Membranophone Fiddles Guitar
(acoustic, bass) Accordion Piano Banjo Drums Harp Mandolin Language English Geographical Origin of Western Music Southwest and West
(Texas, Oklahoma, Montana, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, California) Characteristics of Western Music Equal emphasis on vocal and instrumental music, and group harmony. Rich variety of acoustic guitars with amplified ones, also with amplified mandolin, acoustic accordion and drums (except in vocal groups, which use bass). Oh! Susanna "Oh! Susanna" is a minstrel song by Stephen Foster (1826–1864), first published in 1848.
"Oh!Susanna" is among the most popular American songs ever written. Famous Western Music Stephen Poster "Father of American Music" Mexico Central America Caribbean Brazil Venezuela Colombia Ecuador Peru Chile Argentina Bolivia Paraguay Uruguay Europe Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia East Asia Latin American Music Ethnomusicology/Role of Music In The Community Musical Instruments Geographical Boundaries 4 Subregions in Latin America Languages Latin America is is a region of the Americas where Romance languages (i.e., those derived from Latin) are primarily spoken. Spanish and Portuguese
- are the predominant languages of Latin America. Spanish (60%) Percentage of Speakers Portuguese (34%) Other Languages (6%) - Portuguese is spoken only in Brazil (Brazilian Portuguese), which is the biggest and most populous country in the region. -Quechua
-Italian 1. The vast majority of Latin Americans are Christians, mostly Roman Catholics.
2. About 70% are Catholic.
3. Membership in Protestant denominations is increasing, particularly in Brazil, Panamá and Venezuela Religions 1. The music of Latin America is as diverse as the countries that make up the region.
2. It has been influenced by European, Moorish, Mexican and African cultures. Latin American music today still reflects the impact of the rhythm, lyrics and instruments of these cultures.
3. It typically incorporates a large number of instruments native to the country that defines the style. Latin American music is incredibly varied. It originates from a number of countries and the melding of different cultures, including European, Native American and African. Characteristics of Latin Music Rumba Instruments from Cuba Muscial Instruments in Puerto Rican Music Mariachi Instruments from Mexico Instruments Used in Salsa Music CONGA
(rattle or shaker)
idiophone violins, guitars and harps
TIMBALE (drums) - Latin American music can be vocal, instrumental, or both. --- It typically incorporates a large number of instruments native to the country that defines the style.
- Has distinctive rhythmic pattern (which stresses weak or unaccented beats)
-There is a related emphasis on using percussion instruments to generate the beat patterns.
- Major characteristic of Latin American music is the frequent incorporation of call-and-response segments, an import from African music, that contain interaction between two elements. Famous Latin Music Gloria Estefan Cuban-born American singer, songwriter, actress and entrepreneur. Known as the "Queen Of Latin Pop" One of the most influential Hispanic artists in history. Mi Tierra One of the best known Latin songs around the world, in which Estefan demonstrates her musical roots. China Mongolia Japan Korea Taiwan Famous East Asian Music Yiruma Lee Ru-ma is an internationally-known pianist and composer from South Korea. River Flows in You Psy (Gangnam Style) One of the most famous singer/performer today. Geographical Boundaries Languages Mandarin
Korean (also known as Hangul)
English (in Hong Kong) Characteristics of East Asian Music Confucianism Taoism Shinto Native Canadian Music East Asian Music Countries in East Asia 1. Mongolia
3. North Korea
4. South Korea 5. Japan
6. Hong Kong
8. Taiwan Religions Musical Instruments Chordophones zither lutes Idiophones Membranophones drums Aerophones cymbals bells gongs flutes East Asian music has an abstract instrumental music, such as a sonata or a concerto that relates to a general sensitivity to nature that has produced many sonorous and pleasing results. Ethnomusicology Ethnomusicology is an academic field encompassing various approaches to the study of music that emphasize its cultural, social, material, cognitive, biological and other dimensions or context. Music is not just a combination of sounds. To some it is therapy to the body, soul and mind, the cure from our world of noise. It’s the soundtrack of our lives. Music also can bring together people with different ideas and ways of life. Music has been an integral part of every culture. Music is a powerful force of nature because even animals make music like bird singing. Role of Music in the Community Musical Instruments Buddhism In 1914, the Hornbostel–Sachs system was devised to group musical instruments according to how their sounds are produced. Categories of Musical Instruments: 1. Aerophones 2. Chordophones 3. Electrophones 4. Idiophone 5. Membranophone produce sound primarily by causing a body of AIR to vibrate
examples: pipe organs, flutes, horns, produce sounds through the vibration of STRINGS
examples: piano, violin, and guitar. produces sounds by the use of ELECTRIC CURRENT
examples: electric guitar Hammond organ and Rhodes piano. produce sound primarily by way of a vibrating STRETCHED MEMBRANE.
Examples are snare drum and conga produce sound from the substance of the instrument itself by being struck, blown, shaken, scraped or rubbed. Examples: cymbals, rattles and triangles European Music Geographical Boundaries and Natural Environment Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area.
Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting the Black and Aegean Seas. Europe lies mainly in the temperate climate zones, being subjected to prevailing westerlies. Languages Languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. This family is divided into a number of branches, including Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, Celtic and Greek. The Uralic languages, which include Hungarian, Finnish, and Estonian, also have a significant presence in Europe. Religious Beliefs Religion in Europe has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. The largest religion in Europe for at least a millennium and a half has been Christianity. Three countries in Southeastern Europe have Muslim majorities. Government Structure The European Union (EU) is governed by seven institutions: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council of the European Union (simply called "Council"), the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors. The European Union is an intergovernmental body composed of 27 European states Musical Instruments bagpipes oboe panpipe violin piano Aerophones Chordophones Characteristics of European Music Europe has a wide and diverse range of indigenous music, sharing common features in rural, travelling or maritime communities. Folk music is embedded in an unwritten, aural tradition, but was increasingly transcribed from the nineteenth century onwards. Many classical composers used folk melodies, and folk has influenced some popular music in Europe. Famous European Music The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
They became the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed act in the history of popular music.
The Beatles later utilized several genres, ranging from pop ballads to rock, often incorporating classical and other elements in innovative ways.
Their songwriting grew in sophistication, they came to be perceived by many fans and cultural observers as an embodiment of the ideals shared by the era's sociocultural revolutions. The Beatles Let It Be Sources: http://cowboyoutfitters.com/westernmusic.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Europe The End Thanks for watching
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