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Absolutism and Gunpowder empires
Transcript of Absolutism and Gunpowder empires
Brian Nguyen Absolutism and Gunpowder empires Russia under enlightened monarchs Peter and Catherine the great (1682-1796) Kangxi Qianlong Ottoman empire (1281-1730) Osman Bey Menhet Suleiman the magnificent Mughal Empire (1556-1739) Akbar Babur Shah Jahan Aurangzeb Louis consolidated his power under the embodiment of the divine right as absolute monarch and reigned for 72 years. (One of the longest reigns in the French monarchy) Starting from being only the son of a weak daiymo, Tokugawa eventually gained control of the entire country of Japan and de-christianized it to maintain power by isolating Japan from foreign influence. Qianlong used the military strength of China to maintain his power. Menhet conquered Constantinople using Janissaries, converted the Hagia Sophia into a Mosque and claimed the western title of "holy roman emperor." Aurangzeb came to power by murdering his brothers and imprisoning his father. He then conquered lands, suppressed rebellions, and completely reversed previously established liberal policies. Political doctrine and practice of unlimited, centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, especially as vested in a monarch. Its essence is that the ruling power is not subject to regular challenge or check by any judicial, legislative, religious, economic, or electoral agency.
-Encyclopedia Britannica "Sun King" Along with military reforms, he reformed the church, education and areas of Russia's economy to consolidate power and wealth. Catherine's husband died in a "tragic accident" (she had her husband murdered), she was appointed full power in Russia. Kangxi united China during "The War of the Three Feudatories," then later expanded into Taiwan, and legitimized his ruling with the "mandate of heaven." Osman Bey drove the Mongols west pushing scores of Muslims toward his Anatolian principality which helped consolidate his power. The decline of the Byzantine empire gave plenty of room for Osman to move in and establish the Ottoman empire. Suleiman sought justice and finalized a code of laws known as "Kanun." He also is known for conquering european territories and built up Istanbul as the capital of the Ottoman empire. Babar is known for his military genius and warrior skills which helped him build an empire of good fortune and immense stability under his administration. After annexing Delhi and Agra, he spread his territory and conquered most of Indian sub-continent and Afghanistan. Akbar took direct control of the empire and army in a highly efficient bureaucracy. He appointed mansabars, or military governors, over the various regions; these governors answered directly to him. As a result, he was able to fuse the individual fiefdoms of India into a unified empire that would survive until 1868. Shah won his subjects over with his bravery and competent commanding under a strict sense of justice along with generosity as he treated his servants with respect, dignity and affability. http://www.storyjumper.com/book/index/8591652/stenau http://www.storyjumper.com/book/index/8590552/stenau http://www.storyjumper.com/book/index/8586232/stenau Children's Books: http://www.storyjumper.com/book/index/8593332/stenau http://www.storyjumper.com/book/index/8594202/stenau http://www.storyjumper.com/book/index/8594372/stenau
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Works Cited P.S. All of our information is here but if you would like Microsoft word formats emailed to you we can do that too! Qing China and Tokugawa Japan were both successful in that they had a high education because they began introducing books and poetry, Tokugawa Japan began forming poetry in the form of haikus
and Qing China began printing and distributing books which both brought their literacy rate up and established more intelligent people in their society which would later become government officials. Qing
China and Tokugawa Japan both declined because they had inferior technology to the Europeans which was shown in the Opium wars where Qing China were fighting swords against rifles and Tokugawa
Japan’s agriculture which was constrained due to lack of technology. Comparative Statements