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Commas, Semicolons, and Colons

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by

Nicole Vu

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of Commas, Semicolons, and Colons

You Try
Commas, Semicolons, and Colons
Commas
used to indicate a pause between parts of a sentence
Semicolons
Used to indicating a pause, typically between two main clauses, that is more pronounced than that indicated by a comma
You Try
Colon
What do these punctuation marks look like?
Semicolon
Colon
Comma
,
;
:
In a Series
Place a comma between three or more items connected by a coordinating conjunction
Example
Coordinate Adjectives
Place a comma between equal adjectives with no coordinating conjunction between them
Example
Coordinating Conjunctions (FANBOYS)
Place a comma before coordinating conjunctions to connect two independence clauses
Example
Nonessential Adjective Clauses/ Nonessential participial phrases
Use a comma to separate unneeded adjective clauses and participial phrases from the rest of the sentence
Example
Introductory Elements
Place a comma after certain introductory elements
Long Prepositional Phrases or A Succession of Prepositional Phrases




Participle Phrases
Gerunds and Objects of Prepositions
Adverbial Infinitives
Adverbial Clauses
Mild Interjections

Examples: yes, no, why, well, etc
Interrupters
Parenthetical Expressions and Transitions






Examples: in my opinion, unfortunately, moreover, of course, as a matter of fact, indeed, for example, etc.
Nonessential Appositives
Direct Address


Place commas around examples introduced by such as, especially, or particularly
Nonessential Examples
Expressions of Contrast
Dates and Addresses
When a date or address with several parts occurs in a sentence, place a comma between each element and after the last part
Confirmatory Questions
Place a comma between the confirmatory question and the statement that precedes it
Name followed by
Jr., Sr., Ph.D., M.D.

Misreadable Word Groups



Independent Clauses Joined By A Conjunctive Adverb
Place a semicolon between 2 independent clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb
Independent Clauses
Place a semicolon between two independent clauses containing internal punctuation
Independent Clauses Without A Coordinating Conjunction
Place a semicolon between two independent clauses that are not joined by a coordinating conjunction
Conjunctive adverbs include: furthermore, nonetheless, otherwise, etc
Items In A Series
Used in time and after a word introducing a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series
Independent Clauses
Place a colon between two independent clauses when the second sentence expands or explains the first sentence
Formal Appositive
An independent clause must come before the formal appositive

Place a colon between the independent clause and the formal appositive
Time
Place a colon between the hour and minute
List
An independent clause must come before the list

Place a colon between the independent clause and list
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
By: Nicole Vu, Kayla Malik, Maximilian Finnegan, and Steven Truong
Little Red Riding Hood brought these things in her basket: wine, cake, and banana bread.
The wolf was determined to get Little Red Riding Hood and her goodies: he would take the identity of the grandmother.
The wolf felt one great feeling when seeing Little Red Riding Hood: hunger.
At 11:30 a.m., Little Red Riding Hood went to her grandmother's house.

A common fairytale, for example, is Little Red Riding Hood.
Little Red Riding Hood, the young girl, walked through the woods.
"Little Red Riding Hood, is that you?"
The homeless man liked to read European fairy tales, such as, Little Red Riding Hood, in his spare time.
The wolf wanted Little Red Riding Hood, not the three little pigs.
You Try
Place a comma between two contrasting expressions
Place a comma between a name and its title
Place a comma between word groups that would be misunderstood if not separated
Place a semicolon between items in a series containing internal punctuation
Place commas around interrupters
Little Red Riding Hood, frightened by the wolf, ran away.
In the middle of the dense forest, the wolf persuaded Little Red Riding Hood to pick some nosegays for her grandmother.
Ravenous, the wolf devoured the ill grandmother in one bite.
Upon entering the house, Little Red Riding Hood noticed the big eyes, ears, and mouth her grandmother suddenly attained.
To get to her grandmother’s house sooner, Little Red Riding Hood decided to stray off the path and go through the woods.
When the huntsman reached the grandmother's bed, he was prepared to shoot and kill the wolf.
Well, next time I'll shut the door to prevent the wolf from entering.
On September 22, 1927, Little Red Riding Hood set out to her grandmother’s house.
"You will stay on the path, won’t you?"
Little Red Riding Hood, Ph.D. in obliviousness, thought the wolf was her grandmother.
Inside, Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother were safe from the wolf.
Johnny bought the following items an Itunes giftcard, a turtle, chocolate milk, and stickers.
Johnny bought the following items
:
an Itunes giftcard, a turtle, chocolate milk, and stickers.
The sign was obvious to understand "Illegally parked cars will be fined."
The sign was obvious to understand
:
"Illegally parked cars will be fined."
The reaction of the team can be summed up into one word disappointment.
The reaction of the team can be summed up into one word
:
disappointment.
The group of friends drove to the beach at 6 30 p.m.
The group of friends drove to the beach at 6
:
30 p.m.
Chester my boss has thirty-two cats.
Chester
,
my boss
,
has thirty-two cats.
In the middle of broad daylight Gertrude robbed the bank.
In the middle of broad daylight
,
Gertrude robbed the bank.
Burt liked to drink milk especially chocolate milk when he was thirsty.
Burt liked to drink milk
,
especially chocolate milk
,
when he was thirsty.
Little Red Riding Hood brought her hood, her basket, and her map.
Little Red Riding Hood brought her solid, strong basket.
Little Red Riding Hood was very scared, but she was still a long walk away from her grandmother's house.
Little Red Riding Hood promised to bring her grandmother pastries; a few hours later she was lost in the woods.
Little Red Riding Hood mentioned how her grandmother disliked organic bread; however, it was all Little Red Riding Hood had.
For Little Red Riding Hood to find her grandmother's house, she must follow the trail; but to understand the path, she must open her eyes.
Little Red Riding Hood, a little girl; Wolf, who ate little girls; and Emmanuel, the lumberjack, had a fiasco when Emmanuel chased the wolf, who chased Little Red Riding Hood.
No I cannot go to the game tomorrow.
No
,
I cannot go to the game tomorrow.
The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4 1776.
The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4
,
1776.
Singing and skipping the girl enjoyed her recess.
Singing and skipping
,
the girl enjoyed her recess.
Ben’s family comprises of people who live in Boston, Massachusetts Little Rock, Arkansas and Boise, Idaho.
Ben’s family comprises of people who live in Boston, Massachusetts
;
Little Rock, Arkansas
;
and Boise, Idaho.
You will want to bring many backpacking items for example, sleeping bags, food, and warm clothing.
You will want to bring many backpacking items
;
for example, sleeping bags, food, and warm clothing.
Mary curled her hair in the morning she received many compliments at school today.
Mary curled her hair in the morning
;
she received many compliments at school today.
Danny wanted pizza for dinner however, his mother decided to make pasta.
Danny wanted pizza for dinner
;
however, his mother decided to make pasta.
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