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Dante's Inferno Cantos 32 & 33
Transcript of Dante's Inferno Cantos 32 & 33
HELL Dante's Inferno Canto 32 Canto 33 Ring 1:
Caina Ring 2:
Antenora Ring 3:
Ptolomea Cantos XXXII-XXXIII By Annie Taylor Named after Cain from Genesis who killed his brother Abel The ring for traitors who betrayed their own family "Were locked inside the ice, teeth chattering the note a stork's beak makes. Each held his face turned down; they testified cold by their mouths and misery by the looks" (Alighieri 277) The ninth circle of Hell is for the sinners that Dante finds most despicable: The Traitors. It's floor is a lake called "Cocytus" which means: "The River of The Wailing." It is historically known as one of the 5 rivers of the Underworld in Greek Mythology. Cain Abel The first ever betrayal: "[...]Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him" (Gen 4:8) The traitors of Caina are trapped in the ice up to their necks. Dante and Virgil meet Camiscion De' Pazzi who tells the travelers of some of the shades in Caina. Mordred: The supposed nephew of King Arthur. Mordred was left in charge when King Arthur went to battle and proceeded to steal his uncle's crown and Queen. King Arthur killed Mordred. "Him whose breast and shadow the impaling blade in Arthur's hand pierced with one stroke" (Alighieri 277) Alessandro and Napoleone degli Alberti killed each other around the year of 1285 in a fight over the inheritance from their father. Alessandro and Napoleone degli Alberti: "I glanced down at my feet and saw two shades there packed head to head" (Alighieri 277) "Him they called Focaccia" (Alighieri 277) Camiscion says that they deserve to be in Caina more than any other shade. Focaccia: Focaccia's real name was Vanni de' Cancellieri of Pistoia. He killed his cousin around 1293 "my own name was Camiscion de' Pazzi and this is where I await Carlino's coming to make my sin seem less" (Alighieri 279) Camiscion de' Pazzi Camiscion de' Pazzi killed a relative named Ubertino. But who was Carlino? Carlino de' Pazzi was a cousin of Camiscion de' Pazzi. Camiscion, like other shades, can see crimes that haven't happened yet. Carlino was expected by Camiscion to betray the White Gelphs in 1302. This would land him in the Second ringand make Camiscion's sin seem less awful in comparison. The ring for traitors who betrayed their country or their political party. It is named after Antenor of Troy who during the Trojan war was an advocate of peace. However, according to medieval tradition betrayed Troy and opened the city walls to allow Greece to invade. Dante stumbles across a soul and kicks him in the head. When he bends down to apologize, he is told that it is the shade of the italian traitor: Bocca degli Abati Bocca was a Guelph who is said to be the reason for the Guelph's defeat by the Ghibellines in 1260. He supposedly cut off the hand of a very important Guelph which threw off all of the troops. "Accursed traitor, for now, to your disgrace, I will report about you what is true" (Alighieri 281) Bocca tells Dante to not only tell the world about him, but also about the other sinners. ""I saw him,' you can declare, 'the man of Duera"" (Alighieri 281) Buosa de Duera: A Ghibelline who took a bribe from the French. He allowed them passage in 1265 and in doing so betrayed the king of Naples; King Manfred. "And if they ask who else was there, the man of Beccheria" (Alighieri 281) Tesauro de' Beccheria: Pope Alexander IV's emissary in Tuscany. He was plotting with the exiled Ghibellines to take control from the Guelphs. He was beheaded in 1258. "Farther along your way, reside Gianni de' Soldanieri with Ganelon and Tebaldello" (Alighieri 281) Gianni betrayed his fellow Ghebillines in joining an uprising against them in 1266 Ganelon was an advisor to Charlemagne who sent Charlemagne's guards to their death. Tebaldello Zambrisi was a Ghibelline, he betrayed his party by opening the city gates of Faenza to let in the Guelphs Dante and Virgil continue to travel through the 2nd ring of the 9th circle. They encounter Count Ugolino..... who is eating the back of Archbishop Ruggieri's skull. Dante relates the two shades to Tydeus and Menalippus. Tydeus was a king who was mortally wounded in battle by Menalippus of Thebes, but before he died he managed to kill his attacker and ate Menalippus' skull and brains. Ugolino della Gherardesca was gnawing on Archbishop Ruggieri for revenge. Count Ugolino was a traitor for giving three castles to the enemy. But later he and the Archbishop were conspiring together to get rid of Nino Visconti (a friend of Dante's). The Archbishop later turned on Ugolino and imprisoned him and his sons and grandsons in a tower. They all starved to death in that tower. Because Archbishop Ruggieri starved Ugolino to death on earth, Ugolino eats Ruggieri for all of eternity as they freeze in Hell. The origins for the name "Ptolomea" are not clear. The ring for those who betrayed their guests. Some believe it is named after Ptolemy of Jericho who murdered his banquet guests in Maccaabees 1 (16:15-17) in the Catholic Bible. Others believe it is named after Ptolemy XII, an Egyptian who murdered Pompey. The souls in this ring lie on their backs in the lake, with only their heads protruding from the ice. Dante and Virgil meet two souls that shocked them both! Fra Alberigo of Faenza: A Jovial Friar. His relative Manfred, and Manfred's son, were at a banquet at his house when he had them killed by his assistants. Branca D'Oria With the help of another family member, he murdered Michel Zanche (his father-in-law) who was a guest at his house. Zanche was previously seen in Canto XXII as a barrator. The Surprising Part? THEY WERE BOTH STILL ALIVE!!!!!! "Down to this place a soul is often conveyed before it is sent forth by Atropos" (Alighieri 291) Atropos is one of the three fates. According to myths, she is the one who cuts the thread of life when it is time for a mortal to die. The bodies of these two specific shades still lived in the world that Dante lived in. But Devils lived in their bodies until their bodies died too. Branca, for instance, lived until 1325. Questions The End The Contrapasso for this Punishment: Since this is the deepest circle of Hell, these sinners are frozen away from God. They face a perpetual numb because they were numb to repent for their crimes. Each ring has specific form of contrapasso as well. The souls in the first two rings are looking down in forced shame for their betrayal. In this ring, and the next, the shades are reluctant to tell Dante who they are, but gladly share the names of others. This is symbolic of their continuous betrayal. Contrapasso: Unlike the last two rings they are forced to look up. their tears have frozen their eyes shut. The Contrapasso: Since they shed no tears for their victims on earth, any tears they shed in Hell freeze their eyes shut. Also since their sins are without pity, there is no chance for redemption. Many of the shades in Ptolomea are sent to Hell as soon as their crime is committed. it is so against God that their is no chance for redemption.