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Bullying and it's Effects on Student Achievement

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kile taylor

on 15 November 2014

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Transcript of Bullying and it's Effects on Student Achievement

Bullying and it's Effects on Student Achievement
What is bullying?
What can I do?
"Bully"
What do you know about bullying?
True or False
PSA
A Sincere Compliment
What doesn't work?
"just turn it off"
"it's no big deal"
blaming the target
"just avoid it"
"it wasn't on purpose"
ignoring the behavior
What Does Work?
Giving kids a voice
supporting the target
supporting the bully
reinforcing bystanders
1.studies suggest that fewer than 10% of students are involved in incidents of bullying.
What are the causes of bullying?
high tolerance for violence
Bullying and Student Achievement?
Who Bullies?
2. Most bullying is physical in nature.
3. Girls bully just as much as boys they just do it differently.
4. The majority of students who are bullied tell a teacher.
mediation
conflict resolution
"We are all Daniel Cui"
Resources
http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/ss/se/bullyfaq.asp#schoolbullying
http://casel.org/in-schools/bullying/
http://www.violencepreventionworks.org/public/olweus_bullying_prevention_program.page
Linking Common Core to Bullying Prevention:
Kinds of bullying
Physical
Verbal
Relational
Cyber
Boys
Girls
elementary
middle school
high school
Where does bullying happen?
hallways
classrooms
cafeterias
on the way home
after school programs
on the bus
athletics
restrooms
at home
teachers
administrators
a behavior, not an identity
the most enduring and underrated problem in the United States School system (Beale 2001; Cantu & Heumann, 2000).
so what is bullying?
a world-wide problem (Smith, Morita, Junger-Tas, Olweus, Catalano, & Slee, 1999).
pervasive amongst students in both general education and special education settings (van Roekel, Scholte, & Didden, 2010).
but what is it?
repeated
and
intentional
acts of intimidation and violence characterized by an imbalance of
power
.
R.I.P
Who is bullied?
25%

of elementary and high school students and
40%

of middle school students report being targeted at least
1x a week

(National Center for Education Statistics, 2003).
160,000
children in the United States choose to skip school every day in order to avoid being bullied by other students

(Lumsden, 2002).
Students with Disabilities
increased risk of being bullied by typically developing peers
(Whitney, Smith, & Thompson, 1994; Pivak, McComas, & LaFlamme, 2002; Saylor and Leach, 2009)
higher teacher ratings for
exposure
to bullying incidents (both as targets and perpetrators) compared to general education students
(Estell, Farmer, Irvin, Crowther, Akos, & Boudah, 2009).
Poor social status may be implicated in increasing one’s risk of
academic
and
behavior
problems such as truancy, dropping out of education, and delinquency,
(Coie, Terry, Lenox, & Lochman, 1995; Ollendick, Weist, Borden, & Green, 1992)
and mental health problems in early adulthood
(Roff, 1990).
Bullying has been identified as a major health risk to children as it has significant impact on students’ academic performance and emotional well-being
(Cantu & Heumann 2000; Espelage & Swearer, 2003).
"Mix It Up Day"
Weekly Class Meetings
PSA
"Words Hurt"
PSA "the price of silence"
the players
&
the audience
bully
target
active supporters
disengaged onlookers
Sexual
passive supporters
possible defenders
defenders
low tolerance for diversity
perceived imbalances of power
fear of retaliation
zero tolerance policies
"Mix it Up Day"
1. identify why this is an act of bullying.
2. what form(s) of bullying do you observe?
3. what is an appropriate intervention in this situation?
is bullying to be expected?
is bullying to be accepted?
if behavior is communication, what does bullying behavior communicate?
Who am I?
Kile Taylor, M.A.
Education Specialist
Bully Prevention Coordinator
GCOE/Hamilton Elementary
high tolerance for violence
list influences
school-wide bullying prevention program
school-wide efforts
Bullying and Student Achievement?
Significant effects of bullying include low self-esteem, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, lower academic achievement, lower academic aspirations, absenteeism, self-destructive behavior (
Young, Ne'eman, & Gelser, 2013
).
According to
Sharmila, Dewey, Xitao, & Anne
(2013) bullying has widespread impact on school climate affecting targets and bystanders. Authors found students' perceptions of bullying climate associated with less involvement in school activities and commitment to school.
A study of 7,343 adolescent (15 & 16 y/o) found violence, sexual abuse, and bullying associated with lower grades. Schools with higher rates of bullying showed poor academic performance
(Strom, et. al, 2013)
.
teach responsible tech skills
bullying prevention awareness events
staff developments
teaching tolerance
www.tolerance.org
attempts to establish social heierarchy
prior experiences of violence
60% of boys who bullied other in middle school had one criminal conviction by the age of 24. 40% had 3 or more criminal convictions by the age of 24 (
Olweus, Limber, Mahalic, 2013
).
teaching healthy relationships
fostering inclusion
encouraging youth's perspective
What else works?
Peer mentors
buddy system
changing the language of intolerance
remembering they are kids
focus conversations on choices, change, & growth
help the bully = help the target
digital citizenship coursework
what can we do as educators and support providers to cultivate and foster safe schools?
how does bullying affect student achievement?
A national survey conducted in 2001 revealed that approximately
30%
of students had bullying experiences (
Nansel & Overpeck, 2001
).
on the way to school
video games?
Internet?
movies?
tv?
social norms?
sports?
www.storiesofus.com/home.html
http://www.seiservices.com/21stcentury/PostConferencePresentations/Staser_Handout_1.pdf
"the 80%"
http://www.browardprevention.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/ABCs-of-Bullying-Prevention-Book.pdf
www.schoolcounselingbyheart.wordpress.com/2013/02/19/goodbye-bully-machine-hello-integrated-learning/
Full transcript