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Canadian Peacekeeping Missions

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jasmine thomas

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Canadian Peacekeeping Missions

Canadian Peacekeeping Missions Throughout the years, Canada has participated in several successful peacekeeping missions around the world, their dedication, and initiative to go into a dangerous situation to change it for the better on countless occasions demonstrates their passion and determination to end all crisis and war. History Due to the Suez crisis, in which Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser seized the Suez Canal and nationalized it, and the UK, France, and Israel all came together in attempts to take it back Lester B. Pearson declared: “In six months, we’ll go through all this again if we do not take advantage of this crisis.” When the world almost had another world war the idea of an emergency force was brought forward. On November 4, 1956 United Nations voted for the Pearson Peacekeeping proposal and the UNEF was established for the first time in history, the UN had a true peacekeeping force. Canada has served in over thirty separate missions, frequently accepts requests to join the Blue Berets in operations all around the world, participated in almost all peacekeeping operations, and has become a high profile component of United Nation operations. Rwanda April 6, 1994, Hutu militants shot down a plan carrying Rwanda’s president Habyarimana. The death of Habyarimana served as a signal; Tutsis were accused of killing the president, and Hutu civilians were told, by radio and word of mouth, that it was their duty to kill all Tutsis. Major General Romeo Dallaire; Canadian commander of United Nations Assistance Missison in Rwanda (UNAMIR) sent out warnings of what was happening; detailed plans were being drawn up for the mass murder of all Tutsis. dismissed by the UN in New York, who considered the warnings nothing more than rumors. Security Council ‘refused to act of reinforce Dallaire’s force of 2500 lightly armed troops drawn from 23 countries including Bangladesh, Belgium, Ghana, Poland, and Senegal. the Interahamwe militia (Hutus) began a thorough search for Tutsis, dragging them out of their cars at roadblocks and shooting them. For the next one hundred days, a genocide occurred that killed 800 000 people. Dellaire had been forbidden to intervene but ordered that any Rwandans save by the peacekeepers were under the protection of the UN and were to be protected On June 17, 1994 the genocide ended. Conclusion From 1956, until today the peacekeepers have kept up their reputation and promises to make differences and to help out when needed, no matter how hard the missions are, the Canadian Peacekeeping missions, although tiring and backbreaking have been successful in their missions, and will continue to be. QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER Pertaining to the Rwanda genocide, do you think that the UNAMIR did the best they could to end the crisis? He suggested deploying unarmed or lightly armed military personnel from a number of countries, under UN command, to areas of war, who were in need of a neutral party to observe the peace process Pearson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his work in establishing UN peacekeeping operations. United Nations Emergency Force
United Nations Operation in the Congo
United Nations Temporary Executive Authority/United Nations Security Force (West New Guinea, Indonesia)
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
United Nations Emergency Force, Middle East
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (Israel/Syria)
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
Multinational Force and Observers (Sinai, Egypt)
United Nations Transition Assistance Group (Namibia)
United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia
United Nations Operation in Somalia I
Unified Task Force
United Nations Protection Force (Croatia)
United Nations Operation in Somalia II
United Nations Mission in Haiti
United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation
United Nations Preventive Deployment Force
United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
United Nations Support Mission in Haiti
United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti
United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti
United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic
International Force for East Timor
United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo
United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea
United Nations Mission in Sudan
African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
Finally, when the death toll passed 296 000, Dellarie was granted his 5000 troops. By June 1994, UNAMIR had expanded significantly. Do you believe that the Canadian Peacekeepers still
represent what they initially were created to represent? Suez Crisis A dispute over the Suez Canal threatened the stability of the Middle East, the British were in the process of decolonization in Asia and Africa. In 1955, they relinquished control of the Suez Canal, owned by a predominantly British company, to Egypt. A year later, the Egyptian government nationalized the canal, Britain would not provide loans for a massive irrigation project. In October 1956, a joint English-French-Israeli military force attempted to regain control of the Suez Canal. The Canadian contribution to this international contingent was originally to be based on the 1st Battalion, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada. President Nasser announced his refusal to accept a regiment of "soldiers of the Queen." The Canadian contingent was then changed to one of communications and logistics, these support functions became very much a Canadian specialty. They were the basis of Canada's reputation as a peacekeeping With the arrival of the UNEF, the fighting between the combatants stopped
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