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Copy of Narrative in Wuthering Heights
Transcript of Copy of Narrative in Wuthering Heights
BUT remember that this is Lockwood relating what Nelly has told him Catherine had said! The effect is that of a layering of different narratives META-NARRATIVE A metanarrative is a story about a story, encompassing and explaining other "little stories" within that story that make the stories into a whole. CHINESE BOX THEORY The frame narrative is the whole box, which contains lots of smaller boxes inside... Each 'box' or narrative takes place at a specific point in time. The novel 'zooms' in and out of these box narratives, meaning that there are time shifts backwards and forwards Intertextuality in Wuthering Heights - books within the book Intertextuality is the shaping of texts' meanings by other texts. It can include an author’s borrowing and transformation of a prior text or to a reader’s referencing of one text in reading another.
E.g. Lockwood reads Catherine's diary and the printed text 'Seventy Times Seven' in chapter III
There are many references to books and reading throughout the novel
Isabella's letters to Nelly and Edgar Semiotics involves the study of how signs derive their meaning within the structure of a text— the examination of the multiple meanings in each text (especially novels) and in each word.
They argue that meaning is not transferred directly from writer to reader but instead is mediated through, or filtered by, “codes" imparted to the writer and reader by other texts.
For example, when we read 'Wuthering Heights', we can decode it as a literary experiment, or as a response to the gothic tradition, or as a series of conversations...
This intertextual view of literature supports the concept that the meaning of a text does not reside in the text, but is produced by the reader in relation not only to the text in question, but also the complex network of texts invoked in the reading process. The concept of 'intertextuality' was coined by the Poststructuralist theorists in the 1960s Semiotics (Poststructuralist reading) Narrative Style Lockwood's language is very different to that of Nelly's
Also - there are different styles of reported and direct speech
Catherine's emotional and expressive language
Joseph and Hareton's coarse Yorkshire dialect...
There is a 'richness' of different language "The time shifts, the multiplication of narrators and narrators within narrators, the double plot, the effacement of the author, and the abscence of any trustworthy and knowing narrator who clearly speaks for the author are used strategically in 'Wuthering Heights' to frustrate the expectations of a reader such as Lockwood. They are used to invite the reader, step by step, by way of a gradual unveiling, room by room, into the "pentralium" of Bronte's strange vision of life."
(J. Hillis Miller) What other factors contribute to the 'structure' of the novel? AO3AO What keeps the story going? Heathcliff?
The children and future generations?
Lockwood's persistence in hearing more of the story?
The sense that there will be some kind of resolution or order restored
The sense that life does not end after death? Who is at the 'core' of the novel? Heathcliff? Catherine? Cathy?