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The Fungi Kingdom
Transcript of The Fungi Kingdom
Other Characteristics of Life
The Fungi Kingdom
Origin: Neo-Latin (New version of
the Latin language)
Meaning: Mushroom in Latin
Fun Facts About Fun Guys
Four different types:
Formed in sacs called an ascus
Examples include yeasts truffels, morels
About 32,000 living currently
Do not have the ability to reproduce sexually
Examples include Aspergillus, Penicillium
About 17,000 living
Formed both sexually and asexually
Examples include Mushrooms, Toadstools, rusts
About 22,000 living
Formed sexually and asexually
Examples include Rhizopus which is black bread mold
About 1050 living
Asexual- A new fungus grows from the parent fungus, or each individual reproductive cell can split and make a copy of itself.
Sexual- Male and female cells fuse and produce spores which are released by the parent fungus from stalks. Then the spores are transported to new environments by wind or water that begin growing in that environment if it is appropriate for the fungi's germination.
Dictionary.com. Web. 3 Jan 2014.
-Fungi used to be grouped in the Plant Kingdom
-Most types of fungus can grow their own cell walls made out of a material called chitin
-Fungi absorb their food after it's broken down with different acids
-Since yeast is a type of fungus, you consume fungus in bread and alcoholic beverages
-Unlike animals and humans, fungi digest and then ingest
Fogel, Robert, and Patrica Rogers, eds. "Fungi."
N.p., 15 Novemeber 2006. Web 3 Jan
Fungi is multi-cellular.
The organelles that make up fungi and their functions are:
The cell wall - Prevents the hyhae from bursting which could be caused by osimosis.
Lysosome- Helps digest nutrients.
Plasma Membrane- The barrier between a cell and its enviorment.
Centrioles- Makes proper divisions of the cells.
Golgi Apparatus- Forms proteins and enzymes.
Ribosomes- Makes protein.
Mitochondria- Converts energy in the cells.
Absorbs energy from its surrounding (Consume water and energy/nutrients).
Feed on non-living remains of other organisms and/or decaying plant matter.
Secrete enzymes to digest food and break down the cells into nutrients.
"Fungi." Bionerds. Free Servers, n.d. Web. 02 Jan.
"fungus." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 07 Jan. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/222357/fungus>.
-Fungi posses the ability to distribute exoenzymes to break down their food
-Once food is broken down, the fungus can absorb the nutrients in the food
-Psilocybe cubensis (mushroom) has a gilled undercoat which are capable of moving themselves in a position that the spores can be blown away in the wind
-All types of fungi possess the adaptation ability to release exoenzymes which make it easier for them to find nutrition in their environment
- Psilocybe cubensis can decompose materials to make them edible for plants and animals
-Then the fungi feeds off the nutrition of the decomposing plants and animals
-Humans and animals consume fungus
Carbohydrates are generally the preferred source.
Absorb and metabolize a variety of soluble carbohydrates. Some examples are, glucose, xylose, sucrose, and fructose.
Use proteins as a source of carbon and nitrogen
Fungi are not like plants where they use carbon dioxide and sunlight for energy
Bielmeir, Luke. "Psilocybe cubensis."
MultipleOrganisms.net. Web. 7 Jan 2014.
"Fungi." microbiologyonline.uk. ico. Web. 3 Jan 2014.
Dr, Foster. "Germs:Viruses, Bacteria, and Fungi." peteducation.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan 2014.
"Cell Structure." cod.edu. N.p.. Web. 6 Jan 2014.